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UNITED
STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION






Washington,
D.C. 20549








Form


10-K




























ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT
TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934







For the fiscal year ended


December 31, 2021







or

























TRANSITION REPORT
PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934







For the Transition Period from___________________________to___________________________







Commission File Number:


001-34412


















Aberdeen Standard Silver ETF Trust





(Exact name of registrant as specified in
its charter)




















New York










26-4586763







(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or




organization)






(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)



















c/o Aberdeen Standard Investments ETFs Sponsor LLC









712 Fifth Avenue


,


49

th

Floor








New York


,


NY






(Address of principal executive
offices)








10019






(Zip Code)







(


844


)


383-7289






(Registrant’s telephone number,
including area code)





Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:






















Title of each class






Trading Symbol(s)






Name of each exchange on which registered






Aberdeen Standard Physical Silver Shares ETF








SIVR








NYSE Arca








Indicate
by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.


Yes


☒ No ☐






Indicate
by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. Yes ☐


No









Indicate
by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities
Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such
reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.


Yes


☒ No ☐






Indicate
by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant
to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that
the registrant was required to submit such files).


Yes


☒ No ☐





Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated
filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the
definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”,
and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.






























Large Accelerated Filer








Accelerated Filer





Non-Accelerated Filer






Smaller Reporting Company












Emerging Growth Company











If an emerging growth company, indicate
by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial
accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐






Indicate
by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). ☐ Yes   ☒


No







Aggregate market value of the registrant’s Shares outstanding
based upon the closing price of a share on June 30, 2021 as reported by the NYSE Arca, Inc. on that date: $


1,050,423,042


.





As of February 24,
2022, Aberdeen Standard Silver ETF Trust had


45,150,000


Aberdeen Standard Physical Silver Shares ETF outstanding.






DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE:

None


























FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS





This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains various “forward-looking
statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities
Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and within the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, as amended. Forward-looking
statements usually include the words, “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,”
“intends,” “plans,” “projects,” “understands” and other words suggesting uncertainty.
We remind readers that forward-looking statements are merely predictions and therefore inherently subject to uncertainties and
other factors and involve known and unknown risks that could cause the actual results, performance, levels of activity, or our
achievements, or industry results, to be materially different from any future results, performance, levels of activity, or our
achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these
forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. The Trust undertakes no obligation to publicly release any
revisions to these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence
of unanticipated events.





Additional significant uncertainties and other factors affecting
forward-looking statements are presented in the Risk Factors section herein.


















TABLE OF CONTENTS

























































































































































































PART I





2





Item 1. Business





2





Trust Objective





2





Overview of the Silver Industry





3





Operation of the Silver Markets





6





Secondary Market Trading





9





Valuation of Silver and Computation of Net Asset Value





9





Trust Expenses





10





Creation and Redemption of Shares





11





Creation and Redemption Transaction Fee





15





The Sponsor





15





The Trustee





16





The Custodian





17





Inspection of Silver





17





Description of the Shares





17





Custody of the Trust’s Silver





18





United States Federal Income Tax Consequences





19





ERISA and Related Considerations





22





Item 1A. Risk Factors





23





Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments





32





Item 2. Properties





32





Item 3. Legal Proceedings





32





Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures





32







PART II





33





Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities





33





Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations





35





Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk





39





Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data





40





Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosures





41





Item 9A. Controls and Procedures





41





Item 9B. Other Information





43







PART III





44





Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance





44





Item 11. Executive Compensation





44





Item 12. Security





44





Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence





44





Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services





45







PART IV





46





Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedule





46





Item 16. Form 10K Summary





48










1












P


ART I






I


tem 1. Business





The purpose of the Aberdeen Standard Silver ETF Trust (the “Trust”) is to own silver transferred to the Trust in exchange for shares issued by the Trust (“Shares”). Each Share represents a fractional undivided beneficial interest in and ownership of the Trust. The assets of the Trust consist solely of silver bullion. The Trust was formed on July 20, 2009 when an initial Creation and was made in exchange for the issuance of two Baskets (a “Basket” consists of 50,000 Shares).





The sponsor of the Trust is Aberdeen Standard Investments ETFs Sponsor LLC (the “Sponsor”). The trustee of the Trust is The Bank of New York Mellon (the “Trustee”). The number of shares that constitutes a Basket for the purpose of creations and redemptions was reduced from 100,000 Shares to 50,000 Shares effective on August 11, 2016.





The Trust’s Shares at redeemable value increased from $863,664,235 at December 31, 2020 to $995,151,629 at December 31, 2021, the Trust’s fiscal year end. Outstanding Shares in the Trust increased from 33,750,000 Shares at December 31, 2020 to 44,750,000 Shares outstanding at December 31, 2021.





The Trust is not managed like a corporation or an active investment vehicle. The Trust has no directors, officers or employees. It does not engage in any activities designed to obtain a profit from or to improve the losses caused by changes in the price of silver. The silver held by the Trust will only be delivered to pay the remuneration due to the Sponsor (the “Sponsor’s Fee”), distributed to Authorized Participants (defined below) in connection with the redemption of Baskets or sold (1) on an as-needed basis to pay Trust expenses not assumed by the Sponsor, (2) in the event the Trust terminates and liquidates its assets, or (3) as otherwise required by law or regulation.





The Trust is not registered as an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940 and is not required to register under such act. The Trust does not and will not hold or trade in commodities futures contracts, “commodity interests” or any other instruments regulated by the Commodity Exchange Act (the “CEA”), as administered by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (the “CFTC”) and the National Futures Association (“NFA”). The Trust is not a commodity pool for purposes of the CEA and the Shares are not “commodity interests,” and neither the Sponsor nor the Trustee is subject to regulation as a commodity pool operator or a commodity trading advisor in connection with the Shares. The Trust has no fixed termination date.





The Sponsor of the registrant maintains an Internet website at www.abrdn.com/us/etf through which the registrant’s annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, are made available free of charge as soon as reasonably practicable after they have been filed or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Additional information regarding the Trust may also be found on the SEC’s EDGAR database at www.sec.gov.






T


rust Objective





The investment objective of the Trust is for the Shares to reflect the performance of the price of physical silver bullion, less the Trust’s expenses. The Shares are intended to constitute a simple and cost-effective means of making an investment similar to an investment in physical silver. An investment in physical silver requires expensive and sometimes complicated arrangements in connection with the assay, transportation, warehousing and insurance of the metal. Traditionally, such expense and complications have resulted in investments in physical silver being efficient only in amounts beyond the reach of many investors.






2









The Shares are intended to provide institutional and retail investors with a simple and cost-efficient means, with minimal credit risk, of gaining investment benefits similar to those of holding silver bullion. The Shares offer an investment that:







Easily Accessible and Relatively Cost Effective

. Investors can access the silver bullion market through a traditional brokerage account. The Sponsor believes that investors will be able to more effectively implement strategic and tactical asset allocation strategies that use silver bullion by using the Shares instead of using the traditional means of purchasing, trading and holding silver bullion and for many investors, transaction costs related to the Shares will be lower than those associated with the purchase, storage and insurance of physical silver.






● Exchange Traded and Transparent.

The Shares trade on the NYSE Arca, providing investors with an efficient means to implement various investment strategies. The Shares are eligible for margin accounts and are backed by the assets of the Trust and the Trust does not hold or employ any derivative securities. Furthermore, the value of the Trust’s holdings are reported on the Trust’s website daily.







Minimal Credit Risk

. The Shares represent an interest in physical silver owned by the Trust (other than an amount held in unallocated form which is not sufficient to make up a whole bar of which is held temporarily to effect a creation or redemption of Shares). Physical silver of the Trust in the Custodian’s possession is not subject to borrowing arrangements with third parties. Other than the silver temporarily being held in an unallocated silver account with the Custodian, the physical silver of the Trust is not subject to counterparty or credit risks. See

“Risk Factors—Silver held in the Trust’s unallocated silver account and any Authorized Participant’s unallocated silver account is not segregated from the Custodian’s assets...”

This contrasts with most other financial products that gain exposure to silver through the use of derivatives that are subject to counterparty and credit risks.





Investing in the Shares does not insulate the investor from certain risks, including price volatility. See “Risk Factors.”






O


verview of the Silver


Industry





This section provides a brief introduction to the silver industry by looking at some of the key participants, detailing the primary sources of demand and supply and outlining the role of the “official” sector (i.e., central banks) in the market.





In this annual report, the term “ounces” refers to troy ounces.






Market Participants





The participants in the world silver market may be classified in the following sectors: the mining and producer sector, the banking sector, the official sector, the investment sector, and the manufacturing sector. A brief description of each follows.






Mining and Producer Sector





This group includes mining companies that specialize in silver and silver production, mining companies that produce silver as a by-product of other production (such as a copper or gold producer), scrap merchants and recyclers.






Banking Sector





Bullion banks provide a variety of services to the silver market and its participants, thereby facilitating interactions between other parties. Services provided by the bullion banking community include traditional banking products as well as mine financing, physical silver purchases and sales, hedging and risk management, inventory management for industrial users and consumers and silver leasing.








3










The Official Sector





There are no official statistics published by the International Monetary Fund, Bank of International Settlements, or national banks on silver holdings by national governments. The main reason for this is that silver is generally not recognized as a reserve asset. Consequently, there are very limited silver stocks held by governments. According to The Silver Institute World Silver Survey 2021, the identifiable silver bullion inventories are as follows:








Identifiable
Silver Bullion Inventories*






















































































































Million Ounces


2018



2019



2020



Y/Y


London Vaults



1,137.7




1,162.2




1,080.5




-7

%

Comex



293.9




317.2




396.5




25

%

SGE



68.5




108.2




130.0




20

%

SHFE



35.8




63.2




95.2




51

%

Total



1,535.9




1,650.8




1,702.3




3

%





* Source: LBMA, Comex, SGE, SHFE.








The Investment Sector





This sector includes the investment and trading activities of both professional and private investors and speculators. These participants range from large hedge and mutual funds to day-traders on futures exchanges, and retail-level coin collectors.






The Manufacturing Sector





The fabrication and manufacturing sector represents all the commercial and industrial users of silver. Industrial applications comprise the largest use of silver. The jewelry and silverware sector is the second largest, followed by the photographic industry (although the latter has been declining over a number of years as a result of the spread of digital photography).






World Silver Supply and Demand 2011-2020







The following table sets forth a summary of the world silver supply and demand for the period from 2011 to 2020 and is based on information reported by the World Silver Survey 2021, published by The Silver Institute.







































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































(in millions of ounces)










2011













2012













2013













2014













2015













2016













2017













2018













2019













2020










Supply






























































































































Mine Production











758.3














791.7














823.3














867.8














895.1














888.6














852.1














855.7














836.5














784.4








Net Government Sales











12.0














7.4














7.9

















































































































Scrap











261.2














253.8














191.0














165.4














141.1














139.7














138.1














151.3














169.9














182.1








Net Hedging Supply











12.2














(47.1






)












(34.8






)












16.8














7.8














(18.9






)












1.4














(2.8






)












15.7














8.5









Total Supply













1,043.8
















1,005.8
















987.4
















1,050.0
















1,044.0
















1,009.4
















991.6
















1,004.2
















1,022.1
















975.0







































































































































Demand






























































































































Jewelry











191.5














187.4














220.6














226.4














226.7














205.0














209.1














212.5














201.3














148.6








Coins & Bars











212.7














159.7














241.1














234.1














292.1














207.8














151.1














181.2














186.1














200.5








Silverware











47.5














43.8














59.3














61.2














63.2














52.4














58.4














61.1














59.8














32.6








Industrial Fabrication











661.5














600.1














604.6














596.3














583.2














576.8














599.0














578.6














510.9














486.8








Electrical & Electronics











290.8














266.7














266.0














263.9














246.0














233.9














242.9














248.5














230.0














304.3








Brazing Alloys & Solders











63.2














61.1














63.7














66.7














61.5














55.3














57.5














58.0














50.0














44.9








Photography











61.2














54.2














50.5














48.5














46.6














45.2














44.0














39.3














33.7














27.6








Photovoltaic











75.8














58.2














55.9














51.8














59.2














79.3














94.1














80.5














98.7














101.0








Ethylene Oxide











6.2














4.7














7.7














5.0














10.2














10.2














6.9














5.4














4.0























Other Industrial











164.2














155.1














160.8














160.6














159.8














152.9














153.7














146.9














94.5























ETP Inventory Build











(24.0






)












55.3














2.5














1.4














(17.8






)












49.8














2.4














(20.3






)












81.7














331.1








Exchange Inventory Build











12.2














62.2














8.8














(5.3






)












12.6














79.8














6.8














71.2














10.0














7.0









Total Demand













1,101.4
















1,108.5
















1,136.9
















1,114.1
















1,160.0
















1,171.6
















1,026.8
















1,084.3
















1,049.8
















1684.4







































































































































Net Balance














(57.5









)















(102.6









)















(149.5









)















(64.0









)















(116.1









)















(162.1









)















(35.2









)















(80.1









)















(27.8









)















(709.4









)









Source: The Silver Institute - World Silver Survey 2021





The following are some of the main characteristics of the silver market illustrated by the table.





Like gold, silver has also been used as a currency in the past. However, the main difference between gold and silver is that while approximately half of gold demand is used for jewelry, approximately half of silver fabrication demand is used for industrial applications.





New mine production accounts for approximately 80% of total silver supply. Recycled silver accounts for around 19% of total supply.





Industrial applications and jewelry demand accounted for over 52% of total demand in 2020. Photography has been taking a lower share of overall silver demand falling from 6% in 2011 to 2% in 2020, while photovoltaic demand has risen in recent years accounting for 8% in 2020. Investment in ETP’s rose significantly in 2020 and represented 28% of demand in 2020.






Historical chart of the price of Silver





The price of silver is volatile and fluctuations are expected to have a direct impact on the value of the Shares. However, movements in the price of silver in the past are not a reliable indicator of future movements. Movements may be influenced by various factors, including announcements from central banks regarding a country’s reserve silver holdings, agreements among central banks, political uncertainties around the world, and economic concerns. The following chart illustrates the movements in the price of an ounce of silver in dollars from December 31, 2011 to December 31, 2021 and is based on information provided by Bloomberg:








4











image





Source: Bloomberg, abrdn Inc. Chart data from 12/31/2011 to 12/31/2021.





Starting in early 2011, when silver prices peaked at $48.44 per ounce, silver prices began a downward trend, albeit with multiple upwards rallies (that have often lasted several months). The rise in the value of the U.S. Dollar, sluggish industrial growth and a tame inflation environment (which led some investors to revise their expectations of the effects of monetary expansion) were some of the drivers behind the fall in silver prices from 2011 to 2019. Silver reversed course in 2020, as prices rose 46.75%, closing at $26.49 per ounce. In 2021, silver took a slight step back after its historic performance in 2020, as it returned -13% (as of December 31, 2021). As the world emerged out of the pandemic, silver took a backseat to riskier asset classes such as equities which is a reason for its negative performance during the year.








5












O


peration of the Silver Bullion Market





The global trade in silver consists of Over-the-Counter (“OTC”) transactions in spot, forwards, and options and other derivatives, together with exchange-traded futures and options.






Global Over-The-Counter Market





The OTC silver market includes spot, forward, and option and other derivative transactions conducted on a principal-to-principal basis. While this is a global, nearly 24-hour per day market, its main centers are London (the biggest venue) and New York. Market makers, as well as others in the OTC market, trade with each other and with their clients on a principal-to-principal basis. All risks and issues of credit are between the parties directly involved in the transaction. Market makers include the market making members of the London Bullion Market Association (“LBMA”), the trade association that acts as the coordinator for activities conducted on behalf of its members and other participants in the London bullion market. The twelve market-making members of the LBMA are: BNP Paribas SA, Citibank N.A, Credit Suisse AG Zurich, HSBC, Goldman Sachs International, ICBC Standard Bank Plc, JPMorgan Chase Bank, Merrill Lynch International, Morgan Stanley & Co. International Plc, Standard Chartered Bank, Toronto-Dominion Bank and UBS AG. The OTC market provides a relatively flexible market in terms of quotes, price, size, destinations for delivery and other factors. Bullion dealers customize transactions to meet clients’ requirements. The OTC market has no formal structure and no open outcry meeting place. Mining companies, central banks, manufacturers of jewelry and industrial products, together with investors and speculators, tend to transact their business through one of these market centers. Centers such as Dubai and several cities in the Far East also transact substantial OTC market business, typically involving jewelry and small bars of silver (1 kilogram or less) and will hedge their exposure by selling into one of these main OTC centers. Bullion dealers have offices around the world and most of the world’s major bullion dealers are either members or associate members of the LBMA. There are a further 76 full members, plus a number of associate members around the world. The number of LBMA market-making, clearing and full members reported in this annual report are as of the date of this annual report. These numbers may change from time to time as new members are added and existing members drop out. In the OTC market for silver, the standard size of trades between market makers is 100,000 ounces. Liquidity in the OTC market can vary from time to time during the course of the 24-hour trading day. Fluctuations in liquidity are reflected in adjustments to dealing spreads—the differential between a dealer’s “buy” and “sell” prices. The period of greatest liquidity in the bullion markets generally occurs at the time of day when trading in the European time zones overlaps with trading in the United States, which is when OTC market trading in London, New York, Zurich and other centers coincides with futures and options trading on the Commodity Exchange, Inc. (“COMEX”), a designated contract market within the CME Group. This period lasts for approximately four hours each New York business day morning.






The London Silver Bullion Market





Although the market for physical silver is distributed globally, most OTC market trades are cleared through London. In addition to coordinating market activities, the LBMA acts as the principal point of contact between the market and its regulators. A primary function of the LBMA is its involvement in the promotion of refining standards by maintenance of the “Good Delivery List,” which is a list of LBMA accredited refiners of silver. The LBMA also coordinates market clearing and vaulting, promotes good trading practices and develops standard documentation.





The term “loco London” silver refers to silver physically held in London that meets the specifications for weight, dimensions, fineness (or purity), identifying marks (including the assay stamp of a LBMA acceptable refiner) and appearance set forth in “The Good Delivery Rules for Gold and Silver Bars” published by the LBMA. Silver bars meeting these requirements are described in this report from time to time as “Silver Good Delivery Bars.” The unit of trade in London is the troy ounce, whose conversion between grams is: 1,000 grams equals 32.1507465 troy ounces and 1 troy ounce equals 31.1034768 grams. A Silver Good Delivery Bar is acceptable for delivery in settlement of a transaction on the OTC market. A Silver Good Delivery Bar must contain between 750 troy ounces and 1,100 troy ounces of silver with a minimum fineness (or purity) of 999.0 parts per 1,000. A Silver Good Delivery Bar must also bear the stamp of one of the refiners who are on the LBMA-approved list. Unless otherwise specified, the silver spot price always refers to that of a Silver Good Delivery Bar. Business is generally conducted over the phone and through electronic dealing systems.








6











On July 14, 2017, the LBMA announced that ICE Benchmark Administration (“IBA”) had been selected to be the third-party administrator for the “LBMA Silver Price”. Effective from October 2, 2017, IBA is providing the auction platform and methodology as well as the overall administration and governance for the LBMA Silver Price benchmark. IBA operates an “equilibrium auction”, which is an electronic, tradable and auditable, over-the-counter auction for LBMA-authorized participating silver bullion banks or market makers and sponsored clients of direct participants (“silver participants”) that establishes a reference silver price for that day’s trading, often referred to as the “LBMA Silver Price”. The LBMA Silver Price equilibrium auction operated by CME Group Inc. and Refinitiv prior to October 2, 2017 was selected by the LBMA as the silver valuation replacement for the London silver fix previously determined by the London Silver Market Fixing Ltd. that was discontinued on August 14, 2014. The LBMA Silver Price has become a widely used benchmark for daily silver prices and is quoted by various financial information sources as the London silver fix was previously.





The LBMA Silver Price is the result of an “equilibrium auction” because it establishes a price for a troy ounce of Silver Good Delivery Bars that clears the maximum amount of bids and offers for silver entered by order-submitting silver participants each day. IBA uses ICE’s front-end system, WebICE, as the technology platform that allows direct participants, as well as sponsored clients of direct participants, to manage their orders in the auction in real time via their own desktops. As the IBA electronic silver auction market develops, IBA expects to admit additional silver participants to the order submission process. The benchmark is published when the auction finishes, typically a few minutes after 12:00 noon (London time).





At the opening of each auction, IBA in the role of auction chairman (“Chairman”) announces an opening price (in U.S. Dollars), that takes into account current market conditions and begins auction rounds, with an expected duration of at least 30 seconds each. During each auction round, participants may enter the volume they wish to buy or sell at that price, and such orders will be part of the price formation. Aggregate bid and offer volume is shown live on WebICE. At the end of each auction round, the total net volume is calculated. If this “imbalance” is larger than the imbalance tolerance (normally 500,000 oz.) then the Chairman sets a new price (based on the current market conditions, and the direction and magnitude of the imbalance in the round) and begins a new auction round. If the imbalance is less than the tolerance, then the auction is complete with all volume tradeable at that price. The price is then set in U.S. Dollars and also converted into other currencies, including Australian Dollars, British Pounds, Canadian Dollars, Euros, Onshore and Offshore Yuan, Indian Rupees, Japanese Yen, Malaysian Ringgit, Russian Rubles, Singapore Dollars, South African Rand, Swiss Francs, New Taiwan Dollars, Thai Baht and Turkish Lira. The auction is run at 12:00 noon (London time).





During the auction, the price at the start of each round, and the volumes at the end of each round are available through major market data vendors. As soon as the auction finishes, the final prices and volumes are available through major market data vendors. IBA also publishes transparency reports, detailing the prices, volumes and times for each round of the auction. These transparency reports are available through major market data vendors and IBA when the auction finishes. The process can also be observed real-time through a WebICE screen. The auction mechanism provides a complete audit trail.





There are currently thirteen direct participants who have been accredited to contribute to the LBMA Silver Price: Citibank N.A. London Branch, Coins ’N Things Inc., DRW Investments, LLC, Goldman Sachs, HSBC Bank USA NA, Jane Street Global Trading LLC, JP Morgan Chase Bank N.A London Branch, Koch Supply and Trading LP, Marex, Morgan Stanley, Standard Chartered Bank, StoneX Financial Ltd. and The Toronto Dominion Bank.






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Since April 1, 2015, the LBMA Silver Price has been regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (“FCA”)  in the United Kingdom (“UK”). IBA is authorized as a regulated benchmark administrator by the FCA. Under the UK benchmark regulation, the governance structure for a regulated benchmark must include an Oversight Committee, made up of market participants, industry bodies, direct participant representatives, infrastructure providers and the administrator (i.e., IBA). Through the Oversight Committee the LBMA continues to have significant involvement in the oversight of the auction process, including, among other matters, changes to the methodology and accreditation of direct participants. The price discovery process for the LBMA Silver Price is subject to surveillance by IBA. IBA has been formally assessed against the IOSCO Principles for Financial Benchmarks (the “IOSCO Principles”). In order to meet the IOSCO Principles, the price discovery used for the LBMA Silver Price benchmark is auditable and transparent.





The LBMA Silver Price is viewed as a full and fair representation of all market interest at the conclusion of the auction. IBA’s auction process is similar to CME Group’s auction process, which in turn was similar to the non-electronic process previously used to establish the London silver fix where the London silver fix process adjusted the silver price up or down until all the buy and sell orders are matched, at which time the price was declared fixed. Nevertheless, the LBMA Silver Price has several advantages over the previous London silver fix. IBA’s auction process is fully transparent in real-time to direct participants and sponsored clients and, at the close of each auction, to the general public. IBA’s auction process is also fully auditable since an audit trail exists for every change made in the process. Moreover, the audit trail and active surveillance of the auction process by IBA, as well as the FCA’s oversight of IBA, deters manipulative and abusive conduct in establishing each day’s LBMA Silver Price.





Since August 15, 2014, the Sponsor determined that the London silver fix, which ceased to be published as of that date, would be an inappropriate basis for valuing silver bullion received upon purchase of the Trust’s Shares, delivered upon redemption of the Trust’s Shares and otherwise held by the Trust on a daily basis, and that the LBMA Silver Price is an appropriate alternative for determining the value of the Trust’s silver each trading day. The Sponsor also determined that the LBMA Silver Price fairly represents the commercial value of silver bullion held by the Trust and that the “Benchmark Price” (as defined in the Trust Agreement) as of any day is the LBMA Silver Price for such day.






Futures Exchanges





The most significant silver futures exchanges are the COMEX and the Tokyo Commodity Exchange (“TOCOM”). Futures exchanges seek to provide a neutral, regulated marketplace for the trading of derivatives contracts for commodities. Futures contracts are defined by the exchange for each commodity. For each commodity traded, this contract specifies the precise quality and quantity standards. The contract’s terms and conditions also define the location and timing of physical delivery.





An exchange does not buy or sell those contracts, but seeks to offer a transparent forum where members, on their own behalf or on the behalf of customers, can trade the contracts in a safe, efficient and orderly manner. During regular trading hours at the COMEX, the commodity contracts are traded on CME Globex system, an electronic auction in which all bids, offers and trades must be publicly announced to all members and, upon execution, centrally cleared. Electronic trading is offered by the exchange almost 24 hours a day (except for a short break in the evening), six days a week.





In addition to the public nature of the pricing, futures exchanges in the United States are regulated at two levels: internal and external governmental supervision. The internal is performed through self-regulation and consists of regular monitoring of the following: the central algorithmic matching process to ensure that it is conducted in conformance with all exchange rules; the orderly trading and settlement of futures and options; the financial condition of all exchange member firms to ensure that they continuously meet financial commitments; and the volume positions of commercial and non-commercial customers to ensure that physical delivery and other commercial commitments can be met, and that pricing is not being improperly affected by the size of any particular customer positions. External governmental oversight is performed by the CFTC, which reviews all the rules and regulations of United States futures exchanges and clearing houses and monitors their enforcement.






Market Regulation





The global silver markets are overseen and regulated by both governmental and self-regulatory organizations. In addition, certain trade associations have established rules and protocols for market practices and participants. In the UK, responsibility for the regulation of the financial market participants, including the major participating members of the LBMA falls under the authority of the FCA as provided by the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (“FSM Act”). Under this act, all UK-based banks, together with other investment firms, are subject to a range of requirements, including fitness and properness, capital adequacy, liquidity, and systems and controls.








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The FCA is responsible for regulating investment products, including derivatives, and those who deal in investment products. Regulation of spot, commercial forwards, and deposits of silver not covered by the FSM Act is provided for by The London Code of Conduct for Non-Investment Products, which was established by market participants in conjunction with the Bank of England.





The TOCOM has authority to perform financial and operational surveillance on its members’ trading activities, scrutinize positions held by members and large-scale customers, and monitor the price movements of futures markets by comparing them with cash and other derivative markets’ prices. To act as a Futures Commission Merchant Broker on the TOCOM, a broker must obtain a license from Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (“METI”), the regulatory authority that oversees the operations of the TOCOM.





The US Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) regulates trading in commodity contracts, such as futures, options and swaps. In addition, under the Commodity Exchange Act of 1936 (“CEA”), the CFTC has jurisdiction to prosecute manipulation and fraud in any commodity (including precious metals) traded in interstate commerce as spot as well as deliverable forwards. The CFTC is the exclusive regulator of U.S. commodity exchanges and clearing houses.






S


econdary Market Trading





While the Trust’s investment objective is for the Shares to reflect the performance of silver bullion, less the expenses of the Trust, the Shares may trade in the secondary market on the NYSE Arca at prices that are lower or higher relative to their net asset value (the value of the Trust’s assets less its liabilities (“NAV”)) per Share. The amount of the discount or premium in the trading price relative to the NAV per Share may be influenced by non-concurrent trading hours between the NYSE Arca, COMEX and the London silver markets. While the Shares trade on the NYSE Arca until 4:00 PM New York time, liquidity in the global silver market is reduced after the close of the COMEX at 1:30 PM New York time. As a result, during this time, trading spreads, and the resulting premium or discount, on the Shares may widen.






V


aluation of Silver and Computation of Net Asset Value





On each day that the NYSE Arca is open for regular trading, as promptly as practicable after 4:00 p.m., New York time, on such day (“Evaluation Time”), the Trustee evaluates the silver held by the Trust and determines both the adjusted net asset value (“ANAV”) and and the NAV of the Trust.





At the Evaluation Time, the Trustee values the Trust’s silver on the basis of that day’s “LBMA Silver Price” (the daily price of an ounce of silver determined by an electronic, over-the-counter auction that starts at 12:00 noon London, England time in which LBMA-accredited bullion banks or market makers participate), or, if no LBMA Silver Price is made on such day, the next most recent LBMA Silver Price determined prior to the Evaluation Time will be used, unless the Sponsor determines that such price is inappropriate as a basis for evaluation. In the event the Sponsor determines that the LBMA Silver Price or such other publicly available price as the Sponsor may deem fairly represents the commercial value of the Trust’s silver is not an appropriate basis for evaluation of the Trust’s silver, it shall identify an alternative basis for such evaluation to be employed by the Trustee. Neither the Trustee nor the Sponsor shall be liable to any person for the determination that the LBMA Silver Price or such other publicly available price is not appropriate as a basis for evaluation of the Trust’s silver or for any determination as to the alternative basis for such evaluation provided that such determination is made in good faith. See “

Operation of the Silver Bullion Market–The London Silver Bullion Market

” for a description of the LBMA Silver Price.





Once the value of the silver has been determined, the Trustee subtracts all estimated accrued but unpaid fees (other than the fees accruing for such day on which the valuation takes place which are computed by reference to the value of the Trust or its assets), expenses and other liabilities of the Trust from the total value of the silver and any other assets of the Trust. The resulting figure is the ANAV of the Trust. The ANAV of the Trust is used to compute the Sponsor’s Fee.








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All fees accruing for the day on which the valuation takes place which are computed by reference to the value of the Trust or its assets are calculated using the ANAV calculated for such day. The Trustee subtracts from the ANAV the amount of accrued fees so computed for such day and the resulting figure is the NAV of the Trust. The Trustee also determines the NAV per Share by dividing the NAV of the Trust by the number of the Shares outstanding as of the close of trading on the NYSE Arca (which includes the net number of any Shares created or redeemed on such evaluation day).





Any estimate of the accrued but unpaid fees, expenses and liabilities of the Trust for purposes of computing the NAV of the Trust and ANAV made by the Trustee in good faith shall be conclusive upon all persons interested in the Trust and no revision or correction in any computation made under the Trust Agreement will be required by reason of any difference in amounts estimated from those actually paid.





The Sponsor and the Shareholders may rely on any evaluation furnished by the Trustee, and the Sponsor has no responsibility for the evaluation’s accuracy. The determinations the Trustee makes will be made in good faith upon the basis of, and the Trustee will not be liable for any errors contained in, information reasonably available to it. The Trustee will not be liable to the Sponsor, DTC, Authorized Participants, the Shareholders or any other person for errors in judgment. However, the preceding liability exclusion will not protect the Trustee against any liability resulting from bad faith or gross negligence in the performance of its duties.






T


rust Expenses





The Trust’s only ordinary recurring expense is the Sponsor’s Fee. In exchange for the Sponsor’s Fee, the Sponsor has agreed to assume the following administrative and marketing expenses incurred by the Trust: the Trustee’s monthly fee and out-of-pocket expenses, the Custodian’s fee and reimbursement of the Custodian’s expenses under the Custody Agreements, Exchange listing fees, SEC registration fees, printing and mailing costs, audit fees and up to $100,000 per annum in legal expenses.





The Sponsor’s Fee accrues daily at an annualized rate equal to 0.45% of the ANAV of the Trust and is payable monthly in arrears. The Sponsor, from time to time, may temporarily waive all or a portion of the Sponsor’s Fee at its discretion for a stated period of time. The Sponsor has decided to waive a portion of the Sponsor’s Fee to reduce the Sponsor’s Fee to 0.30%. This fee waiver has been in existence since the Trust was formed. Presently, the Sponsor is continuing to waive a portion of its fee and reduce the Sponsor’s fee to 0.30%. In the future, the Sponsor may continue its fee waiver, waive a larger or smaller portion of its fee or not renew its fee waiver. If, at any point in the future, the Sponsor does not continue its partial fee waiver, the full Sponsor’s Fee will accrue and be paid to the Sponsor for subsequent periods. The Sponsor is under no obligation to continue to waive all or part of the Sponsor’s Fee on an ongoing basis.





The Sponsor’s Fee is paid by delivery of silver to an account maintained by the Custodian for the Sponsor on an unallocated basis, monthly on the first business day of the month in respect of fees payable for the prior month. The delivery is of that number of ounces of silver which equals the daily accrual of the Sponsor’s Fee for such prior month calculated at the LBMA Silver Price.





The Trustee will, when directed by the Sponsor, and, in the absence of such direction, may, in its discretion, sell silver in such quantity and at such times as may be necessary to permit payment in cash of Trust expenses not assumed by the Sponsor. The Trustee is authorized to sell silver at such times and in the smallest amounts required to permit such payments as they become due, it being the intention to avoid or minimize the Trust’s holdings of assets other than silver. Accordingly, the amount of silver to be sold will vary from time to time depending on the level of the Trust’s expenses and the market price of silver. The Custodian has agreed to purchase from the Trust, at the request of the Trustee, silver needed to cover Trust expenses not assumed by the Sponsor at a price at least equal to the price used by the Trustee to determine the value of the silver held by the Trust on the date of the sale.








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The Sponsor’s Fee, net of waiver, for the year ended December 31, 2021 was $2,968,351 (December 31, 2020: $1,787,310; December 31, 2019: $1,087,303).





Cash held by the Trustee pending payment of the Trust’s expenses will not bear any interest.






C


reation and Redemption of Shares





The Trust creates and redeems Shares from time to time, but only in one or more Baskets of 50,000 Shares. The creation and redemption of Baskets is only made in exchange for the delivery to the Trust or the distribution by the Trust of the amount of silver represented by the Baskets being created or redeemed, the amount of which is based on the combined NAV of the number of Shares included in the Baskets being created or redeemed determined on the day the order to create or redeem Baskets is properly received.





Authorized Participants are the only persons that may place orders to create and redeem Baskets. Authorized Participants must be (1) registered broker-dealers or other securities market participants, such as banks and other financial institutions, which are not required to register as broker-dealers to engage in securities transactions, and (2) participants in DTC. To become an Authorized Participant, a person must enter into an Authorized Participant Agreement with the Sponsor and the Trustee. The Authorized Participant Agreement provides the procedures for the creation and redemption of Baskets and for the delivery of the silver and any cash required for such creations and redemptions. The Authorized Participant Agreement and the related procedures attached thereto may be amended by the Trustee and the Sponsor, without the consent of any Shareholder or Authorized Participant. Authorized Participants pay a transaction fee of $500 to the Trustee for each order they place to create or redeem one or more Baskets. Authorized Participants who make deposits with the Trust in exchange for Baskets receive no fees, commissions or other form of compensation or inducement of any kind from either the Sponsor or the Trust for serving as an Authorized Participant, and no such person has any obligation or responsibility to the Sponsor or the Trust to effect any sale or resale of Shares.





Authorized Participants are cautioned that some of their activities will result in their being deemed participants in a distribution in a manner which would render them statutory underwriters and subject them to the prospectus-delivery and liability provisions of the Securities Act.





Prior to initiating any creation or redemption order, an Authorized Participant must have entered into an agreement with the Custodian or a silver clearing bank to establish an Authorized Participant Unallocated Account in London (“Authorized Participant Unallocated Bullion Account Agreement”). Silver held in Authorized Participant Unallocated Accounts is typically not segregated from the Custodian’s or other silver clearing bank’s assets, as a consequence of which an Authorized Participant will have no proprietary interest in any specific bars of silver held by the Custodian or the clearing bank. Credits to its Authorized Participant Unallocated Account are therefore at risk of the Custodian’s or other silver clearing bank’s insolvency. No fees will be charged by the Custodian for the use of the Authorized Participant Unallocated Account as long as the Authorized Participant Unallocated Account is used solely for silver transfers to and from the Trust Unallocated Account and the Custodian (or one of its affiliates) receives compensation for maintaining the Trust Allocated Account. Authorized Participants should be aware that the Custodian’s liability threshold under the Authorized Participant Unallocated Bullion Account Agreement is generally gross negligence, not negligence, which is the Custodian’s liability threshold under the Trust’s Custody Agreements.





As the terms of the Authorized Participant Unallocated Bullion Account Agreement differ in certain respects from the terms of the Trust’s Unallocated Account Agreement, potential Authorized Participants should review the terms of the Authorized Participant Unallocated Bullion Account Agreement carefully. A copy of the Authorized Participant Agreement may be obtained by potential Authorized Participants from the Trustee.





Certain Authorized Participants are expected to have the facility to participate directly in the physical silver market and the silver futures markets. In some cases, an Authorized Participant may from time to time acquire silver from or sell silver to its affiliated silver trading desk, which may profit in these instances. Each Authorized Participant must be registered as a broker-dealer under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”) and regulated by FINRA or be exempt from being or otherwise not be required to be so regulated or registered, and must be qualified to act as a broker or dealer in the states or other jurisdictions where the nature of its business so requires. Certain Authorized Participants are regulated under federal and state banking laws and regulations. Each Authorized Participant has its own set of rules and procedures, internal controls and information barriers as it determines is appropriate in light of its own regulatory regime.








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Authorized Participants may act for their own accounts or as agents for broker-dealers, custodians and other securities market participants that wish to create or redeem Baskets. An order for one or more Baskets may be placed by an Authorized Participant on behalf of multiple clients. As of the date of this report, Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC, Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC, HSBC Securities (USA) Inc., J.P. Morgan Securities Inc., Merrill Lynch Professional Clearing Corp., Mizuho Securities USA LLC, Morgan Stanley & Co. Inc., Scotia Capital (USA) Inc., UBS Securities LLC and Virtu Financial BD, LLC have each signed an Authorized Participant Agreement with the Trust and, upon the effectiveness of such agreement, may create and redeem Baskets as described above. Persons interested in purchasing Baskets should contact the Sponsor or the Trustee to obtain the contact information for the Authorized Participants. Shareholders who are not Authorized Participants are only able to redeem their Shares through an Authorized Participant.





All silver will be delivered to the Trust and distributed by the Trust in unallocated form through credits and debits between Authorized Participant Unallocated Accounts and the Trust Unallocated Account. Silver transferred from an Authorized Participant Unallocated Account to the Trust in unallocated form will first be credited to the Trust Unallocated Account. Thereafter, the Custodian will allocate specific bars of silver representing the amount of silver credited to the Trust Unallocated Account (to the extent such amount is representable by whole silver bars to the Trust Allocated Account. The movement of silver is reversed for the distribution of silver to an Authorized Participant in connection with the redemption of Baskets.





All physical silver represented by a credit to any Authorized Participant Unallocated Account and to the Trust Unallocated Account and all physical silver held in the Trust Allocated Account with the Custodian must be of at least a minimum fineness (or purity) of 999 parts per 1,000 (99.9%) and otherwise conform to the rules, regulations practices and customs of the LBMA, including the specifications for a Silver Good Delivery Bar.





Under the Authorized Participant Agreement, the Sponsor has agreed to indemnify the Authorized Participants against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act.





The following description of the procedures for the creation and redemption of Baskets is only a summary and an investor should refer to the relevant provisions of the Trust Agreement and the form of Authorized Participant Agreement for more detail.






Creation Procedures





On any business day, an Authorized Participant may place an order with the Trustee to create one or more Baskets. Creation and redemption orders are accepted on “business days” the NYSE Arca is open for regular trading. Settlements of such orders requiring receipt or delivery, or confirmation of receipt or delivery, of silver in the UK, Zurich or another jurisdiction will occur on “business days” when (1) banks in the UK or another jurisdiction and (2) the London silver markets are regularly open for business. If such banks or the London silver markets are not open for regular business for a full day, such a day will only be a “business day” for settlement purposes if the settlement procedures can be completed by the end of such day. Settlement of orders requiring receipt or delivery, or confirmation of receipt or delivery, of Shares will occur, after confirmation of the applicable silver delivery, on “business days” when the NYSE Arca is open for regular trading. Purchase orders must be placed no later than 3:59:59 p.m. on each business day the NYSE Arca is open for regular trading. In the event of a level 3 market-wide circuit breaker resulting in a trading halt for the remainder of the trading day, the time of the market-wide trading halt is considered the close of regular trading and no creation orders for the current trade date will be accepted after that time (the “cutoff”). Orders placed after the cutoff will be deemed to be rejected and will not be processed. Orders should be placed in proper form on the following business day. The day on which the Trustee receives a valid purchase order is the purchase order date.








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By placing a purchase order, an Authorized Participant agrees to deposit silver with the Trust. Prior to the delivery of Baskets for a purchase order, the Authorized Participant must also have wired to the Trustee the non-refundable transaction fee due for the purchase order.






Determination of required deposits





The amount of silver in the required deposit is determined by dividing the number of ounces of silver held by the Trust by the number of Baskets outstanding, as adjusted for the amount of silver constituting estimated accrued but unpaid fees and expenses of the Trust. Fractions of a fine ounce of silver smaller than 0.001 of a fine ounce which are included in the deposit amount are disregarded in the foregoing calculation. All questions as to the composition of a Creation Basket Deposit will be finally determined by the Trustee. The Trustee’s determination of the Creation Basket Deposit shall be final and binding on all persons interested in the Trust.






Delivery of required deposits





An Authorized Participant who places a purchase order is responsible for crediting its Authorized Participant Unallocated Account with the required silver deposit amount by the second business day in London following the purchase order date. Upon receipt of the silver deposit amount, the Custodian, after receiving appropriate instructions from the Authorized Participant and the Trustee, will transfer on the second business day following the purchase order date the silver deposit amount from the Authorized Participant Unallocated Account to the Trust Unallocated Account and the Trustee will direct DTC to credit the number of Baskets ordered to the Authorized Participant’s DTC account. The expense and risk of delivery, ownership and safekeeping of silver until such silver has been received by the Trust shall be borne solely by the Authorized Participant. The Trustee may accept delivery of silver by such other means as the Sponsor, from time to time, may determine with the Trustee to be acceptable for the Trust, provided that the same is disclosed in a prospectus relating to the Trust filed with the SEC pursuant to Rule 424 under the Securities Act. If silver is to be delivered other than as described above, the Sponsor is authorized to establish such procedures and to appoint such custodians and establish such custody accounts in addition to those described in this report, as the Sponsor determines to be desirable.





Acting on standing instructions given by the Trustee, the Custodian will transfer the silver deposit amount from the Trust Unallocated Account to the Trust Allocated Account by transferring silver bars from its inventory to the Trust Allocated Account. The Custodian will use commercially reasonable efforts to complete the transfer of silver to the Trust Allocated Account prior to the time by which the Trustee is to credit the Basket to the Authorized Participant’s DTC account; if, however, such transfers have not been completed by such time, the number of Baskets ordered will be delivered against receipt of the silver deposit amount in the Trust Unallocated Account, and all Shareholders will be exposed to the risks of unallocated silver to the extent of that silver deposit amount until the Custodian completes the allocation process or a Zurich Sub-Custodian completes the allocation process for the Custodian. See “Risk Factors—silver held in the Trust’s unallocated silver account and any Authorized Participant’s unallocated silver account will not be segregated from the Custodian’s assets....”





Because silver is allocated only in multiples of whole bars, the amount of silver allocated from the Trust Unallocated Account to the Trust Allocated Account may be less than the total fine ounces of silver credited to the Trust Unallocated Account. Any balance will be held in the Trust Unallocated Account. The Custodian uses commercially reasonable efforts to minimize the amount of silver held in the Trust Unallocated Account; no more than 430 troy ounces of silver (maximum weight to make one Silver Good Delivery Bar) is expected to be held in the Trust Unallocated Account at the close of each business day.






Rejection of purchase orders





The Trustee may reject a purchase order or a Creation Basket Deposit if such order or Creation Basket Deposit is not presented in proper form as described in the Authorized Participant Agreement or if the fulfillment of the order, in the opinion of counsel, might be unlawful. None of the Trustee, the Sponsor or the Custodian will be liable for the rejection of any purchase order or Creation Basket Deposit.








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Redemption Procedures





The procedures by which an Authorized Participant can redeem one or more Baskets will mirror the procedures for the creation of Baskets. On any business day, an Authorized Participant may place an order with the Trustee to redeem one or more Baskets. Redemption orders must be placed no later than 3:59:59 p.m. on each business day the NYSE Arca is open for regular trading. In the event of a level 3 market-wide circuit breaker resulting in a trading halt for the remainder of the trading day, the time of the market-wide trading halt is considered the close of regular trading and no redemption orders for the current trade date will be accepted after that time (the “cutoff”). Orders placed after the cutoff will be deemed to be rejected and will not be processed. Orders should be placed in proper form on the following business day. A redemption order so received is effective on the date it is received in satisfactory form by the Trustee. The redemption procedures allow Authorized Participants to redeem Baskets and do not entitle an individual Shareholder to redeem any Shares in an amount less than a Basket, or to redeem Baskets other than through an Authorized Participant.





By placing a redemption order, an Authorized Participant agrees to deliver the Baskets to be redeemed through DTC’s book entry system to the Trust not later than the second business day following the effective date of the redemption order. Prior to the delivery of the redemption distribution for a redemption order, the Authorized Participant must also have wired to the Trustee the non-refundable transaction fee due for the redemption order.






Determination of redemption distribution





The redemption distribution from the Trust consists of a credit to the redeeming Authorized Participant’s Authorized Participant Unallocated Account representing the amount of the silver held by the Trust evidenced by the Shares being redeemed. Fractions of a fine ounce of silver included in the redemption distribution smaller than 0.001 of a fine ounce are disregarded. Redemption distributions will be subject to the deduction of any applicable tax or other governmental charges which may be due.






Delivery of redemption distribution





The redemption distribution due from the Trust will be delivered to the Authorized Participant on or before the fifth business day following a loco London redemption order date if, by 10:00 a.m. New York time on the second business day after the loco London redemption order date, the Trustee’s DTC account has been credited with the Baskets to be redeemed. If a loco swap or physical transfer is necessary to effect a loco London redemption, the redemption distribution due from the Trust will be delivered to the Authorized Participant on or before the fifth business day following such a loco London redemption order date if, by 10:00 a.m. New York time on the second business day after the loco London redemption order date, the Trustee’s DTC account has been credited with the Baskets to be redeemed. In the event that, by 10:00 a.m. New York time on the second business day following the order date of a redemption order, the Trustee’s DTC account has not been credited with the total number of Shares corresponding to the total number of Baskets to be redeemed pursuant to such redemption order, the Trustee shall send to the Authorized Participant and the Custodian via fax or electronic mail message notice of such fact and the Authorized Participant shall have two business days following receipt of such notice to correct such failure. If such failure is not cured within such two business day period, the Trustee (in consultation with the Sponsor) will cancel such redemption order and will send via fax or electronic mail message notice of such cancellation to the Authorized Participant and the Custodian, and the Authorized Participant will be solely responsible for all costs incurred by the Trust, the Trustee or the Custodian related to the cancelled order. The Trustee is also authorized to deliver the redemption distribution notwithstanding that the Baskets to be redeemed are not credited to the Trustee’s DTC account by 10:00 a.m. New York time on the second business day following the redemption order date if the Authorized Participant has collateralized its obligation to deliver the Baskets through DTC’s book entry system on such terms as the Sponsor and the Trustee may from time to time agree upon.





The Custodian transfers the redemption silver amount from the Trust Allocated Account to the Trust Unallocated Account and, thereafter, to the redeeming Authorized Participant’s Authorized Participant Unallocated Account. The Authorized Participant and the Trust are each at risk in respect of silver credited to their respective unallocated accounts in the event of the Custodian’s insolvency. See “Risk Factors—Silver held in the Trust’s unallocated silver account and any Authorized Participant’s unallocated silver account is not segregated from the Custodian’s assets....”








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As with the allocation of silver to the Trust Allocated Account which occurs upon a purchase order, if in transferring silver from the Trust Allocated Account to the Trust Unallocated Account in connection with a redemption order there is an excess amount of silver transferred to the Trust Unallocated Account, the excess over the silver redemption amount will be held in the Trust Unallocated Account. The Custodian uses commercially reasonable efforts to minimize the amount of silver held in the Trust Unallocated Account; no more than 1,100 ounces of silver (maximum weight to make one Silver Good Delivery Bar) is expected to be held in the Trust Unallocated Account at the close of each business day.






Suspension or rejection of redemption orders





The Trustee may, in its discretion, and will when directed by the Sponsor, suspend the right of redemption, or postpone the redemption settlement date, (1) for any period during which the NYSE Arca is closed other than customary weekend or holiday closings, or trading on the NYSE Arca is suspended or restricted or (2) for any period during which an emergency exists as a result of which delivery, disposal or evaluation of silver is not reasonably practicable. None of the Sponsor, the Trustee or the Custodian are liable to any person or in any way for any loss or damages that may result from any such suspension or postponement.





The Trustee will reject a redemption order if the order is not in proper form as described in the Authorized Participant Agreement or if the fulfillment of the order, in the opinion of its counsel, might be unlawful.






C


reation and Redemption Transaction Fee





To compensate the Trustee for services in processing the creation and redemption of Baskets, an Authorized Participant is required to pay a transaction fee to the Trustee of $500 per order to create or redeem Baskets. An order may include multiple Baskets. The transaction fee may be reduced, increased or otherwise changed by the Trustee with the consent of the Sponsor. From time to time, the Trustee, with the consent of the Sponsor, may waive all or a portion of the applicable transfer fee. The Trustee shall notify DTC of any agreement to change the transaction fee and will not implement any increase in the fee for the redemption of Baskets until 30 days after the date of the notice.






T


he Sponsor





The Sponsor is a Delaware limited liability company.





The Sponsor’s office is located at c/o Aberdeen Standard Investments ETFs Sponsor LLC, 712 Fifth Avenue, 49th Floor, New York, NY 10019. abrdn Inc. (known as Aberdeen Standard Investments Inc. prior to January 1, 2022), a Delaware corporation, is the sole member of the Sponsor. abrdn Inc. is a wholly-owned indirect subsidiary of abrdn plc, which together with its affiliates and subsidiaries, is collectively referred to as “abrdn.” Under the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act and the governing documents of the Sponsor, the sole member of the Sponsor, abrdn Inc., is not responsible for the debts, obligations and liabilities of the Sponsor solely by reason of being the sole member of the Sponsor.






The Sponsor’s Role





The Sponsor arranged for the creation of the Trust, and is responsible for the ongoing registration of the Shares for their public offering in the United States and the listing of the Shares on the NYSE Arca. The Sponsor has agreed to assume the following administrative and marketing expenses incurred by the Trust: the Trustee’s monthly fee and out-of-pocket expenses, the Custodian’s fee and the reimbursement of the Custodian’s expenses under the Custody Agreements, Exchange listing fees, SEC registration fees, printing and mailing costs, audit fees and up to $100,000 per annum in legal expenses. The Sponsor also paid the costs of the Trust’s organization and the initial sale of the Shares, including the applicable SEC registration fees.








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The Sponsor does not exercise day-to-day oversight over the Trustee or the Custodian. The Sponsor may remove the Trustee and appoint a successor Trustee (i) if the Trustee ceases to meet certain objective requirements (including the requirement that it have capital, surplus and undivided profits of at least $150 million), (ii) if, having received written notice of a material breach of its obligations under the Trust Agreement, the Trustee has not cured the breach within 30 days, or (iii) if the Trustee refuses to consent to the implementation of an amendment to the Trust’s initial Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. The Sponsor also has the right to replace the Trustee during the 90 days following any merger, consolidation or conversion in which the Trustee is not the surviving entity or, in its discretion, on the fifth anniversary of the creation of the Trust or on any subsequent third anniversary thereafter. The Sponsor also has the right to approve any new or additional custodian that the Trustee may wish to appoint.





The Sponsor or one of its affiliates or agents (1) develops a marketing plan for the Trust on an ongoing basis, (2) prepares marketing materials regarding the Shares, including the content of the Trust’s website and (3) executes the marketing plan for the Trust.






T


he Trustee





The Bank of New York Mellon, a banking corporation organized under the laws of the State of New York with trust powers (“BNYM”), serves as the Trustee. BNYM has a trust office at 240 Greenwich Street, New York, NY 10286. BNYM is subject to supervision by the New York State Financial Services Department and the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. Information regarding creation and redemption Basket composition, NAV of the Trust, transaction fees and the names of the parties that have each executed an Authorized Participant Agreement may be obtained from BNYM. A copy of the Trust Agreement is available for inspection at BNYM’s trust office identified above. Under the Trust Agreement, the Trustee is required to have capital, surplus and undivided profits of at least $150 million.






The Trustee’s Role





The Trustee is generally responsible for the day-to-day administration of the Trust, including keeping the Trust’s operational records. The Trustee’s principal responsibilities include (1) transferring the Trust’s silver as needed to pay the Sponsor’s Fee in silver (silver transfers are expected to occur approximately monthly in the ordinary course), (2) valuing the Trust’s silver and calculating the NAV of the Trust and the NAV per Share, (3) receiving and processing orders from Authorized Participants to create and redeem Baskets and coordinating the processing of such orders with the Custodian and DTC, (4) selling the Trust’s silver as needed to pay any extraordinary Trust expenses that are not assumed by the Sponsor, (5) when appropriate, making distributions of cash or other property to Shareholders, and (6) receiving and reviewing reports from or on the Custodian’s custody of and transactions in the Trust’s silver. The Trustee shall, with respect to directing the Custodian, act in accordance with the instructions of the Sponsor. If the Custodian resigns, the Trustee shall appoint an additional or replacement Custodian selected by the Sponsor.





The Trustee intends to regularly communicate with the Sponsor to monitor the overall performance of the Trust. The Trustee does not monitor the performance of the Custodian, or any other sub-custodian other than to review the reports provided by the Custodian pursuant to the Custody Agreements. The Trustee, along with the Sponsor, will liaise with the Trust’s legal, accounting and other professional service providers as needed. The Trustee will assist and support the Sponsor with the preparation of all periodic reports required to be filed with the SEC on behalf of the Trust.





The Trustee’s monthly fees and out-of-pocket expenses are paid by the Sponsor.





Affiliates of the Trustee may from time to time act as Authorized Participants or purchase or sell silver or Shares for their own account, as agent for their customers and for accounts over which they exercise investment discretion. Affiliates of the Trustee are subject to the same transaction fee as other Authorized Participants.








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T


he Custodian





JPMorgan Chase Bank N.A. (“JPMorgan”) serves as the Custodian of the Trust’s silver. JPMorgan is a national banking association organized under the laws of the United States of America. JPMorgan is subject to supervision by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. JPMorgan’s London office is regulated by the FCA and is located at 25 Bank Street, Canary Wharf, London, E14 5JP, United Kingdom. JPMorgan is a subsidiary of JPMorgan Chase & Co. While the United Kingdom operations of the Custodian are regulated by the FCA, the custodial services provided by the Custodian and any sub-custodian under the Custody Agreements, are presently not a regulated activity subject to the supervision and rules of the FCA.






The Custodian’s Role





The Custodian is responsible for safekeeping of the Trust’s silver deposited with it by Authorized Participants in connection with the creation of Baskets. The Custodian is also responsible for selecting sub-custodians, if any. The Custodian facilitates the transfer of silver in and out of the Trust through the unallocated silver accounts it will maintain for each Authorized Participant and the unallocated and allocated silver accounts it will maintain for the Trust. The Custodian holds the Trust’s allocated silver at a sub-custodian. The Custodian is responsible for allocating specific bars of silver bullion to the Trust Allocated Account. The Custodian provides the Trustee with regular reports detailing the silver transfers in and out of the Trust’s unallocated and allocated silver accounts and identifying the silver bars held in the Trust’s allocated silver account.





The Custodian’s fees and expenses under the Custody Agreements are paid by the Sponsor.





The Custodian and its affiliates may from time to time act as Authorized Participants or purchase or sell silver or Shares for their own account, as agent for their customers and for accounts over which they exercise investment discretion. The Custodian and its affiliates are subject to the same transaction fee as other Authorized Participants.






I


nspection of Silver





Under the Custody Agreements, the Trustee, the Sponsor and the Trust’s auditors and inspectors may, only up to twice a year, visit the premises of the Custodian for the purpose of examining the Trust’s silver and certain related records maintained by the Custodian. In addition, under the Custody Agreements, the Custodian shall procure that any sub-custodian that it appoints allows access to its premises during normal business hours to examine the Trust’s silver held there and such records as the Trustee, the Sponsor or the Trust’s auditors and inspectors may reasonably require to perform their respective duties to Shareholders.





The Sponsor has exercised its right to visit the Custodian in order to examine the silver and the records maintained by them. Inspections were conducted by Inspectorate International Limited, a leading commodity inspection and testing company retained by the Sponsor, as of July 23, 2021 and December 31, 2021.





There can be no guarantee that the Sponsor or the Trust’s auditors and inspectors will be able to perform physical inspections of the Trust’s silver as planned. Local policies, regulations, or ordinances, as well as polices or restrictions adopted by the Custodian or a sub-custodian, may temporarily prevent, or otherwise impair the ability of, the Sponsor or the Trust’s auditors and inspectors, from performing a physical inspection of the Trust’s silver on a desired date. In those situations, the Sponsor or the Trust’s auditors and inspectors may seek to verify the silver held by the Trust by alternate means, including through virtual inspections of the Trust’s silver and/or a review of pertinent records.






De


scription of the Shares






General





The Trustee is authorized under the Trust Agreement to create and issue an unlimited number of Shares. The Trustee creates Shares only in Baskets (a Basket equals a block of 50,000 Shares) and only upon the order of an Authorized Participant. The Shares represent units of fractional undivided beneficial interest in and ownership of the Trust and have no par value. Any creation and issuance of Shares above the amount registered on the Trust’s then-current and effective registration statement with the SEC will require the registration of such additional Shares.










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Description of Limited Rights





The Shares do not represent a traditional investment and Shareholders should not view them as similar to shares of a corporation operating a business enterprise with management and a board of directors. Shareholders do not have the statutory rights normally associated with the ownership of shares of a corporation, including, for example, the right to bring “oppression” or “derivative” actions. All Shares are of the same class with equal rights and privileges. Each Share is transferable, is fully paid and non-assessable and entitles the holder to vote on the limited matters upon which Shareholders may vote under the Trust Agreement. The Shares do not entitle their holders to any conversion or pre-emptive rights, or, except as provided below, any redemption rights or rights to distributions.






Distributions





If the Trust is terminated and liquidated, the Trustee will distribute to the Shareholders any amounts remaining after the satisfaction of all outstanding liabilities of the Trust and the establishment of such reserves for applicable taxes, other governmental charges and contingent or future liabilities as the Trustee shall determine. Shareholders of record on the record date fixed by the Trustee for a distribution will be entitled to receive their pro rata portion of any distribution.






Voting and Approvals





Under the Trust Agreement, Shareholders have no voting rights, except in limited circumstances. The Trustee may terminate the Trust upon the agreement of Shareholders owning at least 75% of the outstanding Shares. In addition, certain amendments to the Trust Agreement require advance notice to the Shareholders before the effectiveness of such amendments, but no Shareholder vote or approval is required for any amendment to the Trust Agreement.






Redemption of the Shares





The Shares may only be redeemed by or through an Authorized Participant and only in Baskets.






Book-Entry Form





Individual certificates will not be issued for the Shares. Instead, one or more global certificates is deposited by the Trustee with DTC and registered in the name of Cede & Co., as nominee for DTC. The global certificates evidence all of the Shares outstanding at any time. Under the Trust Agreement, Shareholders are limited to (1) participants in DTC such as banks, brokers, dealers and trust companies (DTC Participants), (2) those who maintain, either directly or indirectly, a custodial relationship with a DTC Participant (Indirect Participants), and (3) those banks, brokers, dealers, trust companies and others who hold interests in the Shares through DTC Participants or Indirect Participants. The Shares are only transferable through the book-entry system of DTC. Shareholders who are not DTC Participants may transfer their Shares through DTC by instructing the DTC Participant holding their Shares (or by instructing the Indirect Participant or other entity through which their Shares are held) to transfer the Shares. Transfers will be made in accordance with standard securities industry practice.






C


ustody of the Trust’s Silver





Custody of the silver bullion deposited with and held by the Trust is provided by sub-custodians selected by the Custodian. The Custodian is a market maker, clearer and approved weigher under the rules of the LBMA.





The Custodian is the custodian of the silver bullion credited to Trust Allocated Account in accordance with the Custody Agreements. The Custodian segregates the silver bullion credited to the Trust Allocated Account from any other precious metal it holds or holds for others by entering appropriate entries in its books and records. Under the Custody Agreements, the Trustee, the Sponsor and the Trust’s auditors and inspectors may inspect the vaults of the Custodian. See “

Inspection of Silver

”.








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The Custodian, as instructed by the Trustee on behalf of the Trust, is authorized to accept, on behalf of the Trust, deposits of silver in unallocated form. Acting on standing instructions specified in the Custody Agreements, the Custodian allocates silver deposited in unallocated form with the Trust by selecting bars of silver bullion for deposit to the Trust Allocated Account. All silver bullion allocated to the Trust must conform to the rules, regulations, practices and customs of the LBMA

.





The process of withdrawing silver from the Trust for a redemption of a Basket follows the same general procedure as for depositing silver with the Trust for a creation of a Basket, only in reverse. Each transfer of silver between the Trust Allocated Account and the Trust Unallocated Account connected with a creation or redemption of a Basket may result in a small amount of silver being held in the Trust Unallocated Account after the completion of the transfer. In making deposits and withdrawals between the Trust Allocated Account and the Trust Unallocated Account, the Custodian will use commercially reasonable efforts to minimize the amount of silver held in the Trust Unallocated Account as of the close of each business day. See “Creation and Redemption of Shares.”






U


nited States Federal Income Tax Consequences





The following discussion of the material US federal income tax consequences generally applies to the purchase, ownership and disposition of Shares by a US Shareholder (as defined below), and certain US federal income tax consequences that may apply to an investment in Shares by a Non-US Shareholder (as defined below). The discussion is based on the United States Internal Revenue Code of 1986 as amended (the “Code”). The discussion below is based on the Code, United States Treasury Regulations (“Treasury Regulations”) promulgated under the Code and judicial and administrative interpretations of the Code, all as in effect on the date of this annual report and all of which are subject to change either prospectively or retroactively. The tax treatment of Shareholders may vary depending upon their own particular circumstances. Certain Shareholders (including broker-dealers, traders, banks and other financial institutions, insurance companies, real estate investment trusts, tax-exempt entities, Shareholders whose functional currency is not the U.S. Dollar or other investors with special circumstances) may be subject to special rules not discussed below. In addition, the following discussion applies only to investors who hold Shares as “capital assets” within the meaning of Code section 1221 and not as part of a straddle, hedging transaction or a conversion or constructive sale transaction. Moreover, the discussion below does not address the effect of any state, local or foreign tax law or any transfer tax on an owner of Shares. Purchasers of Shares are urged to consult their own tax advisors with respect to all federal, state, local and foreign tax law or any transfer tax considerations potentially applicable to their investment in Shares.





For purposes of this discussion, a “US Shareholder” is a Shareholder that is:





● An individual who is a citizen or resident of the United States;





● A corporation (or other entity treated as a corporation for US federal tax purposes) created or organized in or under the laws of the United States or any political subdivision thereof;





● An estate, the income of which is includible in gross income for US federal income tax purposes regardless of its source; or





● A trust, if a court within the United States is able to exercise primary supervision over the administration of the trust and one or more US persons have the authority to control all substantial decisions of the trust.





A Shareholder that is not a US Shareholder as defined above (other than a partnership, or an entity treated as a partnership for US federal tax purposes) generally is considered a “Non-US Shareholder” for purposes of this discussion. For US federal income tax purposes, the treatment of any beneficial owner of an interest in a partnership, including any entity treated as a partnership for US federal income tax purposes, generally depends upon the status of the partner and upon the activities of the partnership. Partnerships and partners in partnerships should consult their tax advisors about the US federal income tax consequences of purchasing, owning and disposing of Shares.








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Taxation of the Trust





The Trust is classified as a “grantor trust” for US federal income tax purposes. As a result, the Trust itself is not subject to US federal income tax. Instead, the Trust’s income and expenses “flow through” to the Shareholders, and the Trustee reports the Trust’s income, gains, losses and deductions to the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) on that basis.






Taxation of US Shareholders





Shareholders generally are treated, for US federal income tax purposes, as if they directly owned a pro rata share of the underlying assets held by the Trust. Shareholders are also treated as if they directly received their respective pro rata share of the Trust’s income, if any, and as if they directly incurred their respective pro rata share of the Trust’s expenses. In the case of a Shareholder that purchases Shares for cash, its initial tax basis in its pro rata share of the assets held by the Trust at the time it acquires its Shares is equal to its cost of acquiring the Shares. In the case of a Shareholder that acquires its Shares as part of a creation of a Basket, the delivery of silver to the Trust in exchange for the Shares is not a taxable event to the Shareholder, and the Shareholder’s tax basis and holding period for the Shares are the same as its tax basis and holding period for the silver delivered in exchange therefore (except to the extent of any cash contributed for such Shares). For purposes of this discussion, it is assumed that all of a Shareholder’s Shares are acquired on the same date and at the same price per Share. Shareholders that hold multiple lots of Shares, or that are contemplating acquiring multiple lots of Shares, should consult their tax advisors.





When the Trust sells or transfers silver, for example to pay expenses, a Shareholder generally will recognize gain or loss in an amount equal to the difference between (1) the Shareholder’s pro rata share of the amount realized by the Trust upon the sale or transfer and (2) the Shareholder’s tax basis for its pro rata share of the silver that was sold or transferred. Such gain or loss will generally be long-term or short-term capital gain or loss, depending upon whether the Shareholder has a holding period in its Shares of longer than one year. A Shareholder’s tax basis for its share of any silver sold by the Trust generally will be determined by multiplying the Shareholder’s total basis for its Shares immediately prior to the sale, by a fraction the numerator of which is the amount of silver sold, and the denominator of which is the total amount of the silver held by the Trust immediately prior to the sale. After any such sale, a Shareholder’s tax basis for its pro rata share of the silver remaining in the Trust will be equal to its tax basis for its Shares immediately prior to the sale, less the portion of such basis allocable to its share of the silver that was sold.





Upon a Shareholder’s sale of some or all of its Shares, the Shareholder will be treated as having sold a pro rata share of the silver held in the Trust at the time of the sale. Accordingly, the Shareholder generally will recognize a gain or loss on the sale in an amount equal to the difference between (1) the amount realized pursuant to the sale of the Shares, and (2) the Shareholder’s tax basis for the Shares sold, as determined in the manner described in the preceding paragraph.





A redemption of some or all of a Shareholder’s Shares in exchange for the underlying silver represented by the Shares redeemed generally will not be a taxable event to the Shareholder. The Shareholder’s tax basis for the silver received in the redemption generally will be the same as the Shareholder’s tax basis for the Shares redeemed. The Shareholder’s holding period with respect to the silver received should include the period during which the Shareholder held the Shares redeemed. A subsequent sale of the silver received by the Shareholder will be a taxable event.





An Authorized Participant and other investors may be able to re-invest, on a tax-deferred basis, in-kind redemption proceeds received from exchange-traded products that are substantially similar to the Trust in the Trust’s Shares. Authorized Participants and other investors should consult their tax advisors as to whether and under what circumstances the reinvestment in the Shares of proceeds from substantially similar exchange-traded products can be accomplished on a tax-deferred basis.








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Under current law, gains recognized by individuals, estates or trusts from the sale of “collectibles,” including physical silver, held for more than one year are taxed at a maximum federal income tax rate of 28%, rather than the 20% rate applicable to most other long-term capital gains. For these purposes, gains recognized by an individual upon the sale of Shares held for more than one year, or attributable to the Trust’s sale of any physical silver which the Shareholder is treated (through its ownership of Shares) as having held for more than one year, generally will be taxed at a maximum rate of 28%. The tax rates for capital gains recognized upon the sale of assets held by an individual US Shareholder for one year or less or by a corporate taxpayer are generally the same as those at which ordinary income is taxed.





In addition, high-income individuals and certain trusts and estates are subject to a 3.8% Medicare contribution tax that is imposed on net investment income and gain. Shareholders should consult their tax advisor regarding this tax.






Brokerage Fees and Trust Expenses





Any brokerage or other transaction fees incurred by a Shareholder in purchasing Shares is treated as part of the Shareholder’s tax basis in the Shares. Similarly, any brokerage fee incurred by a Shareholder in selling Shares reduces the amount realized by the Shareholder with respect to the sale.





Shareholders will be required to recognize gain or loss upon a sale of silver by the Trust (as discussed above), even though some or all of the proceeds of such sale are used by the Trustee to pay Trust expenses. Shareholders may deduct their respective pro rata share of each expense incurred by the Trust to the same extent as if they directly incurred the expense. Shareholders who are individuals, estates or trusts, however, may be required to treat some or all of the expenses of the Trust, to the extent that such expenses may be deducted, as miscellaneous itemized deductions. Under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (P.L. 115-97), miscellaneous itemized deductions, including expenses for the production of income, will not be deductible for either regular federal income tax or alternative minimum tax purposes for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017 and before January 1, 2026.






Investment by Regulated Investment Companies





Mutual funds and other investment vehicles which are “regulated investment companies” within the meaning of Code section 851 should consult with their tax advisors concerning (1) the likelihood that an investment in Shares, although they are a “security” within the meaning of the Investment Company Act of 1940, may be considered an investment in the underlying silver for purposes of Code section 851(b), and (2) the extent to which an investment in Shares might nevertheless be consistent with preservation of their qualification under Code section 851. In recent administrative guidance, the IRS stated that it will no longer issue rulings under Code section 851(b) relating to the determination of whether or not an instrument or position is a “security”, but, instead, intends to defer to guidance from the SEC for such determination.






United States Information Reporting and Backup Withholding Tax for US and Non-US Shareholders





The Trustee or the appropriate broker will file certain information returns with the IRS, and provides certain tax-related information to Shareholders, in accordance with applicable Treasury Regulations. Each Shareholder will be provided with information regarding its allocable portion of the Trust’s annual income (if any) and expenses.





A US Shareholder may be subject to US backup withholding tax in certain circumstances unless it provides its taxpayer identification number and complies with certain certification procedures. Non-US Shareholders may have to comply with certification procedures to establish that they are not a US person in order to avoid the backup withholding tax.





The amount of any backup withholding tax will be allowed as a credit against a Shareholder’s US federal income tax liability and may entitle such a Shareholder to a refund, provided that the required information is furnished to the IRS.








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Income Taxation of Non-US Shareholders





The Trust does not expect to generate taxable income except for gains (if any) upon the sale of silver. A Non-US Shareholder generally is not subject to US federal income tax with respect to gains recognized upon the sale or other disposition of Shares, or upon the sale of silver by the Trust, unless (1) the Non-US Shareholder is an individual and is present in the United States for 183 days or more during the taxable year of the sale or other disposition, and the gain is treated as being from United States sources; or (2) the gain is effectively connected with the conduct by the Non-US Shareholder of a trade or business in the United States.






Taxation in Jurisdictions other than the United States





Prospective purchasers of Shares that are based in or acting out of a jurisdiction other than the United States are advised to consult their own tax advisers as to the tax consequences, under the laws of such jurisdiction (or any other jurisdiction not being the United States to which they are subject), of their purchase, holding, sale and redemption of or any other dealing in Shares and, in particular, as to whether any value added tax, other consumption tax or transfer tax is payable in relation to such purchase, holding, sale, redemption or other dealing.






E


RISA and Related Considerations





The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended (“ERISA”), and/or Code section 4975 impose certain requirements on certain employee benefit plans and certain other plans and arrangements, including individual retirement accounts and annuities, Keogh plans, and certain commingled investment vehicles or insurance company general or separate accounts in which such plans or arrangements are invested (collectively, “Plans”), and on persons who are fiduciaries with respect to the investment of “plan assets” of a Plan. Government plans and some church plans are not subject to the fiduciary responsibility provisions of ERISA or the provisions of section 4975 of the Code, but may be subject to substantially similar rules under other federal law, or under state or local law (“Other Law”).





In contemplating an investment of a portion of Plan assets in Shares, the Plan fiduciary responsible for making such investment should carefully consider, taking into account the facts and circumstances of the Plan and the “Risk Factors” discussed above and whether such investment is consistent with its fiduciary responsibilities under ERISA or Other Law, including, but not limited to: (1) whether the investment is permitted under the Plan’s governing documents, (2) whether the fiduciary has the authority to make the investment, (3) whether the investment is consistent with the Plan’s funding objectives, (4) the tax effects of the investment on the Plan, and (5) whether the investment is prudent considering the factors discussed in this report. In addition, ERISA and Code section 4975 prohibit a broad range of transactions involving assets of a plan and persons who are “parties in interest” under ERISA or “disqualified persons” under section 4975 of the Code. A violation of these rules may result in the imposition of significant excise taxes and other liabilities. Plans subject to Other Law may be subject to similar restrictions.





It is anticipated that the Shares will constitute “publicly offered securities” as defined in the Department of Labor “Plan Asset Regulations,” §2510.3-101 (b)(2) as modified by section 3(42) of ERISA. Accordingly, pursuant to the Plan Asset Regulations, only Shares purchased by a Plan, and not an interest in the underlying assets held in the Trust, should be treated as assets of the Plan, for purposes of applying the “fiduciary responsibility” rules of ERISA and the “prohibited transaction” rules of ERISA and the Code. Fiduciaries of plans subject to Other Law should consult legal counsel to determine whether there would be a similar result under the Other Law.






Investment by Certain Retirement Plans





Code section 408(m) provides that the acquisition of a “collectible” by an individual retirement account (“IRA”) or a participant-directed account maintained under any plan that is tax-qualified under Code section 401(a) (“Tax Qualified Account”) is treated as a taxable distribution from the account to the owner of the IRA, or to the participant for whom the Tax Qualified Account is maintained, of an amount equal to the cost to the account of acquiring the collectible. The term “collectible” is defined to include, with certain exceptions, “any metal or gem”. The IRS has issued several private letter rulings to the effect that a purchase by an IRA, or by a participant-directed account under a Code section 401(a) plan, of publicly-traded shares in a trust holding precious metals will not be treated as resulting in a taxable distribution to the IRA owner or Tax Qualified Account participant under Code section 408(m). However the private letter rulings provide that, if any of the Shares so purchased are distributed from the IRA or Tax Qualified Account to the IRA owner or Tax Qualified Account participant, or if any precious metal is received by such IRA or Tax Qualified Account upon the redemption of any of the Shares purchased by it, the Shares or precious metal so distributed will be subject to federal income tax in the year of distribution, to the extent provided under the applicable provisions of Code sections 408(d), 408(m) or 402. Accordingly, potential IRA or Tax Qualified Account investors are urged to consult with their own professional advisors concerning the treatment of an investment in Shares under Code section 408(m).








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It


em 1A. Risk Factors





Shareholders should consider carefully the risks described below before making an investment decision. Shareholders should also refer to the other information included in the prospectus and this report, including the Trust’s financial statements and the related notes.






RISKS RELATED TO SILVER






The price of silver may be affected by the sale of ETVs tracking the silver markets.





To the extent existing exchange traded vehicles (“ETVs”) tracking the silver markets represent a significant proportion of demand for physical silver bullion, large redemptions of the securities of these ETVs could negatively affect physical silver bullion prices and the price and NAV of the Shares.






Crises may motivate large-scale sales of silver which could decrease the price of silver and adversely affect an investment in the Shares.





The possibility of large-scale distress sales of silver in times of crisis may have a short-term negative impact on the price of silver and adversely affect an investment in the Shares. For example, the 2008 financial credit crisis resulted in significantly depressed prices of silver largely due to a slowdown in demand in silver for industrial use and forced sales and deleveraging from institutional investors. Crises in the future may impair silver’s price performance which would, in turn, adversely affect an investment in the Shares.






Several factors may have the effect of causing a decline in the prices of silver and a corresponding decline in the price of Shares. Among them:



















A significant increase in silver hedging activity by silver producers. Should there be an increase in the level of hedge activity of silver producing companies, it could cause a decline in world silver prices, adversely affecting the price of the Shares.




















A significant change in the attitude of speculators and investors towards silver. Should the speculative community take a negative view towards silver, it could cause a decline in world silver prices, negatively impacting the price of the Shares.




















A widening of interest rate differentials between the cost of money and the cost of silver could negatively affect the price of silver which, in turn, could negatively affect the price of the Shares.




















A combination of rising money interest rates and a continuation of the current low cost of borrowing silver could improve the economics of selling silver forward. This could result in an increase in hedging by silver mining companies and short selling by speculative interests, which would negatively affect the price of silver. Under such circumstances, the price of the Shares would be similarly affected.









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Conversely, several factors may trigger a temporary increase in the price of silver prior to your investment in the Shares. For example, sudden increased investor interest in silver may cause an increase in world silver prices, increasing the price of the Shares. If that is the case, you will be buying Shares at prices affected by the temporarily high prices of silver, and you may incur losses when the causes for the temporary increase disappear.





In January 2021, an online campaign intended to harm hedge funds and large banks encouraged retail investors to purchase silver and shares of Silver ETVs to intentionally increase prices. While this activity is no longer occurring, similar activity in the future may result in temporarily high prices of silver.






The value of the Shares relates directly to the value of the silver held by the Trust and fluctuations in the price of silver could materially adversely affect an investment in the Shares.





The Shares are designed to mirror as closely as possible the performance of the price of silver bullion, and the value of the Shares relates directly to the value of the silver held by the Trust, less the Trust’s liabilities (including estimated accrued but unpaid expenses). The price of silver has fluctuated widely over the past several years. Several factors may affect the price of silver, including:



















A
change in economic conditions, such as a recession, can adversely affect the price of
silver. Silver is used in a wide range of industrial applications, and an economic downturn
could have a negative impact on its demand and, consequently, its price and the price
of the Shares;





















Investors’ expectations with respect to the rate of inflation;






















Currency exchange rates;






















Interest rates;






















Investment and trading activities of hedge funds and commodity funds;






















Global or regional political, economic or financial events and situations; and






















A significant change in investor interest, including in response to online campaigns or other activities specifically targeting investments in silver.






In addition, investors should be aware that there is no assurance that silver will maintain its long-term value in terms of purchasing power in the future. In the event that the price of silver declines, the Sponsor expects the value of an investment in the Shares to decline proportionately.






RISKS RELATED TO THE SHARES






The sale of the Trust’s silver to pay expenses not assumed by the Sponsor, or unexpected liabilities affecting the Trust, at a time of low silver prices could adversely affect the value of the Shares.





The Trustee sells silver held by the Trust to pay Trust expenses not assumed by the Sponsor on an as-needed basis irrespective of then-current silver prices. The Trust is not actively managed and no attempt will be made to buy or sell silver to protect against or to take advantage of fluctuations in the price of silver. Consequently, the Trust’s silver may be sold at a time when the silver price is low, resulting in the sale of more silver than would be required if the Trust sold when prices where higher. The sale of the Trust’s silver to pay expenses not assumed by the Sponsor, or unexpected liabilities affecting the Trust, at a time of low silver prices could adversely affect the value of the Shares.






The value of the Shares will be adversely affected if the Trust is required to indemnify the Sponsor or the Trustee under the Trust Agreement.





Under the Trust Agreement, each of the Sponsor and the Trustee has a right to be indemnified from the Trust for any liability or expense it incurs without gross negligence, bad faith, willful misconduct, willful malfeasance or reckless disregard on its part. That means the Sponsor or the Trustee may require the assets of the Trust to be sold in order to cover losses or liability suffered by it. Any sale of that kind would reduce the NAV of the Trust and the value of the Shares.








24












The Shares may trade at a price which is at, above or below the NAV per Share and any discount or premium in the trading price relative to the NAV per Share may widen as a result of non-concurrent trading hours between the NYSE Arca, London and COMEX.





The Shares may trade at, above or below the NAV per Share. The NAV per Share fluctuates with changes in the market value of the Trust’s assets. The trading price of the Shares fluctuates in accordance with changes in the NAV per Share as well as market supply and demand. The amount of the discount or premium in the trading price relative to the NAV per Share may be influenced by non-concurrent trading hours between the NYSE Arca and the major silver markets. While the Shares trade on the NYSE Arca until 4:00 p.m. New York time, liquidity in the market for silver is reduced after the close of the major world silver markets, including London and the COMEX. As a result, during this time, trading spreads, and the resulting premium or discount on the Shares, may widen.







A possible “short squeeze” due to a sudden increase in demand of Shares that largely exceeds supply may lead to price volatility in the Shares.





Investors may purchase Shares to hedge existing silver exposure or to speculate on the price of silver. Speculation on the price of silver may involve long and short exposures. To the extent aggregate short exposure exceeds the number of Shares available for purchase (for example, in the event that large redemption requests by Authorized Participants dramatically affect Share liquidity), investors with short exposure may have to pay a premium to repurchase Shares for delivery to Share lenders. Those repurchases may in turn, dramatically increase the price of the Shares until additional Shares are created through the creation process. This is often referred to as a “short squeeze.” A short squeeze could lead to volatile price movements in Shares that are not directly correlated to the price of silver.






In January of 2021, the Trust and other ETVs that seek to track the price of physical silver bullion (“Silver ETVs”) experienced a sudden increase in demand of shares following an online campaign encouraging retail investors to purchase shares of Silver ETVs as well as physical silver in order to intentionally create a short squeeze. While this activity is no longer currently occurring, in the future, this type of activity could result in temporarily inflated prices of Shares and the difference between trading price and NAV per share could widen.






Purchasing activity in the silver market associated with the purchase of Baskets from the Trust may cause a temporary increase in the price of silver. This increase may adversely affect an investment in the Shares.





Purchasing activity associated with acquiring the silver required for deposit into the Trust in connection with the creation of Baskets may temporarily increase the market price of silver, which will result in higher prices for the Shares. Temporary increases in the market price of silver may also occur as a result of the purchasing activity of other market participants. Other market participants may attempt to benefit from an increase in the market price of silver that may result from increased purchasing activity of silver connected with the issuance of Baskets. Consequently, the market price of silver may decline immediately after Baskets are created. If the price of silver declines, the trading price of the Shares may also decline.






The Shares and their value could decrease if unanticipated operational or trading problems arise.





There may be unanticipated problems or issues with respect to the mechanics of the Trust’s operations and the trading of the Shares that could have a material adverse effect on an investment in the Shares. In addition, although the Trust is not actively “managed” by traditional methods, to the extent that unanticipated operational or trading problems or issues arise, the Sponsor’s past experience and qualifications may not be suitable for solving these problems or issues.






25










Discrepancies, disruptions or unreliability of the LBMA Silver Price could impact the value of the Trust’s silver and the market price of the Shares.





The Trustee values the Trust’s silver pursuant to the LBMA Silver Price. In the event that the LBMA Silver Price proves to be an inaccurate benchmark, or the LBMA Silver Price varies materially from the prices determined by other mechanisms for valuing silver, the value of the Trust’s silver and the market price of the Shares could be adversely impacted. Any future developments in the LBMA Silver Price, to the extent it has a material impact on the LBMA Silver Price, could adversely impact the value of the Trust’s silver and the market price of the Shares. It is possible that electronic failures or other unanticipated events may occur that could result in delays in the announcement of, or the inability of the benchmark to produce, the LBMA Silver Price on any given date. Furthermore, any actual or perceived disruptions that result in the perception that the LBMA Silver Price is vulnerable to actual or attempted manipulation could adversely affect the behavior of market participants, which may have an effect on the price of silver. If the LBMA Silver Price is unreliable for any reason, the price of silver and the market price for the Shares may decline or be subject to greater volatility.






If the process of creation and redemption of Baskets encounters any unanticipated difficulties, the possibility for arbitrage transactions intended to keep the price of the Shares closely linked to the price of silver may not exist and, as a result, the price of the Shares may fall.





If the processes of creation and redemption of Shares (which depend on timely transfers of silver to and by the Custodian) encounter any unanticipated difficulties, potential market participants who would otherwise be willing to purchase or redeem Baskets to take advantage of any arbitrage opportunity arising from discrepancies between the price of the Shares and the price of the underlying silver may not take the risk that, as a result of those difficulties, they may not be able to realize the profit they expect. If this is the case, the liquidity of Shares may decline and the price of the Shares may fluctuate independently of the price of silver and may fall. Additionally, redemptions could be suspended for any period during which (1) the NYSE Arca is closed (other than customary weekend or holiday closings) or trading on the NYSE Arca is suspended or restricted, or (2) an emergency exists as a result of which delivery, disposal or evaluation of the silver is not reasonably practicable.






The liquidity of the Shares may be affected by the withdrawal from participation of one or more Authorized Participants.





In the event that one or more Authorized Participants having substantial interests in Shares or otherwise responsible for a significant portion of the Shares’ daily trading volume on the Exchange withdraw from participation, the liquidity of the Shares will likely decrease which could adversely affect the market price of the Shares and result in Shareholders incurring a loss on their investment.






Shareholders do not have the protections associated with ownership of shares in an investment company registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940 or the protections afforded by the CEA.





The Trust is not registered as an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940 and is not required to register under such act. Consequently, Shareholders do not have the regulatory protections provided to investors in investment companies. The Trust does not and will not hold or trade in commodity futures contracts, “commodity interests” or any other instruments regulated by the CEA, as administered by the CFTC and the National Futures Association (“NFA”). Furthermore, the Trust is not a commodity pool for purposes of the CEA and the Shares are not “commodity interests”, and neither the Sponsor nor the Trustee is subject to regulation by the CFTC as a commodity pool operator or a commodity trading advisor in connection with the Trust or the Shares. Consequently, Shareholders do not have the regulatory protections provided to investors in CEA-regulated instruments or commodity pools operated by registered commodity pool operators or advised by registered commodity trading advisors.






The Trust may be required to terminate and liquidate at a time that is disadvantageous to Shareholders.





If the Trust is required to terminate and liquidate, such termination and liquidation could occur at a time which is disadvantageous to Shareholders, such as when silver prices are lower than the silver prices at the time when Shareholders purchased their Shares. In such a case, when the Trust’s silver is sold as part of the Trust’s liquidation, the resulting proceeds distributed to Shareholders will be less than if silver prices were higher at the time of sale.






26










The lack of an active trading market for the Shares may result in losses on investment at the time of disposition of the Shares.





Although Shares are listed for trading on the NYSE Arca, it cannot be assumed that an active trading market for the Shares will develop or be maintained. If an investor needs to sell Shares at a time when no active market for Shares exists, such lack of an active market will most likely adversely affect the price the investor receives for the Shares (assuming the investor is able to sell them).






Shareholders do not have the rights enjoyed by investors in certain other vehicles.





As interests in an investment trust, the Shares have none of the statutory rights normally associated with the ownership of shares of a corporation (including, for example, the right to bring “oppression” or “derivative” actions). In addition, the Shares have limited voting and distribution rights (for example, Shareholders do not have the right to elect directors or approve amendments to the Trust Agreement and do not receive dividends).






An investment in the Shares may be adversely affected by competition from other methods of investing in silver.





The Trust competes with other financial vehicles, including traditional debt and equity securities issued by companies in the silver industry and other securities backed by or linked to silver, direct investments in silver and investment vehicles similar to the Trust. Market and financial conditions, and other conditions beyond the Sponsor’s control, may make it more attractive to invest in other financial vehicles or to invest in silver directly, which could limit the market for the Shares and reduce the liquidity of the Shares.






The amount of silver represented by each Share will decrease over the life of the Trust due to the recurring deliveries of silver necessary to pay the Sponsor’s Fee in-kind and potential sales of silver to pay in cash the Trust expenses not assumed by the Sponsor. Without increases in the price of silver sufficient to compensate for that decrease, the price of the Shares will also decline proportionately over the life of the Trust.





The amount of silver represented by each Share decreases each day by the Sponsor’s Fee. In addition, although the Sponsor has agreed to assume all organizational and certain administrative and marketing expenses incurred by the Trust (the Trustee’s monthly fee and out-of-pocket expenses, the Custodian’s fee and reimbursement of the Custodian’s expenses under the Custody Agreements, Exchange listing fees, SEC registration fees, printing and mailing costs, audit fees and up to $100,000 per annum in legal expenses), in exceptional cases certain Trust expenses may need to be paid by the Trust. Because the Trust does not have any income, it must either make payments in-kind by deliveries of silver (as is the case with the Sponsor’s Fee) or it must sell silver to obtain cash (as in the case of any exceptional expenses). The result of these sales of silver and recurring deliveries of silver to pay the Sponsor’s Fee in-kind is a decrease in the amount of silver represented by each Share. New deposits of silver, received in exchange for new Shares issued by the Trust, will not reverse this trend.





A decrease in the amount of silver represented by each Share results in a decrease in each Share’s price even if the price of silver bullion does not change. To retain the Share’s original price, the price of silver must increase. Without that increase, the lesser amount of silver represented by the Share will have a correspondingly lower price. If this increase does not occur, or is not sufficient to counter the lesser amount of silver represented by each Share, Shareholders will sustain losses on their investment in Shares.





An increase in Trust expenses not assumed by the Sponsor, or the existence of unexpected liabilities affecting the Trust, will require the Trustee to sell larger amounts of silver, and will result in a more rapid decrease of the amount of silver represented by each Share and a corresponding decrease in its value.






27










RISKS RELATED TO THE CUSTODY OF SILVER






The Trust’s silver may be subject to loss, damage, theft or restriction on access.





There is a risk that part or all of the Trust’s silver could be lost, damaged or stolen. Access to the Trust’s silver could also be restricted by natural events (such as an earthquake) or human actions (such as a terrorist attack). Any of these events may adversely affect the operations of the Trust and, consequently, an investment in the Shares.






The Trust’s lack of insurance protection and the Shareholders’ limited rights of legal recourse against the Trust, the Trustee, the Sponsor, the Custodian, and any other sub-custodian exposes the Trust and its Shareholders to the risk of loss of the Trust’s silver for which no person is liable.





The Trust does not insure its silver. The Custodian maintains insurance with regard to its business on such terms and conditions as it considers appropriate in connection with its custodial obligations and is responsible for all costs, fees and expenses arising from the insurance policy or policies. The Trust is not a beneficiary of any such insurance and does not have the ability to dictate the existence, nature or amount of coverage. Therefore, Shareholders cannot be assured that the Custodian maintains adequate insurance or any insurance with respect to the silver held by the Custodian on behalf of the Trust. In addition, the Custodian and the Trustee do not require or any other direct or indirect sub-custodians to be insured or bonded with respect to their custodial activities or in respect of the silver held by them on behalf of the Trust. Further, Shareholders’ recourse against the Trust, the Trustee and the Sponsor under New York law, the Custodian, and any other sub-custodian under English law, and any other sub-custodian under the law governing their custody operations is limited. Consequently, a loss may be suffered with respect to the Trust’s silver which is not covered by insurance and for which no person is liable in damages.






The Custodian’s limited liability under the Custody Agreements and English law may impair the ability of the Trust to recover losses concerning its silver and any recovery may be limited, even in the event of fraud, to the market value of the silver at the time the fraud is discovered.





The liability of the Custodian is limited under the Custody Agreements. Under the Custody Agreements between the Trustee and the Custodian which establish the Trust’s unallocated silver account (“Unallocated Account”) and the Trust’s allocated silver account (“Allocated Account”), the Custodian is only liable for losses that are the direct result of its own negligence, fraud or willful default in the performance of its duties. Any such liability is further limited to the market value of the silver lost or damaged at the time such negligence, fraud or willful default is discovered by the Custodian provided the Custodian notifies the Trust and the Trustee promptly after the discovery of the loss or damage. Under each Authorized Participant Unallocated Bullion Account Agreement (between the Custodian and an Authorized Participant establishing an Authorized Participant Unallocated Account), the Custodian is not contractually or otherwise liable for any losses suffered by any Authorized Participant or Shareholder that are not the direct result of its own gross negligence, fraud or willful default in the performance of its duties under such agreement, and in no event will its liability exceed the market value of the balance in the Authorized Participant Unallocated Account at the time such gross negligence, fraud or willful default is discovered by the Custodian. In addition, the Custodian will not be liable for any delay in performance or any non-performance of any of its obligations under the Allocated Account Agreement, the Unallocated Account Agreement or the Authorized Participant Unallocated Bullion Account Agreement by reason of any cause beyond its reasonable control, including acts of God, war or terrorism. As a result, the recourse of the Trustee or a Shareholder, under English law, is limited. Furthermore, under English common law, the Custodian, or any other sub-custodian will not be liable for any delay in the performance or any non-performance of its custodial obligations by reason of any cause beyond its reasonable control.






The obligations of the Custodian, and any other sub-custodians are governed by English law, which may frustrate the Trust in attempting to seek legal redress against the Custodian, or any other sub-custodian concerning its silver.





The obligations of the Custodian under the Custody Agreements are, and the Authorized Participant Unallocated Bullion Account Agreements may be, governed by English law. The Custodian may enter into arrangements with any sub-custodians for the temporary custody of the Trust’s silver, which arrangements may also be governed by English law. The Trust is a New York common law trust. Any United States, New York or other court situated in the United States may have difficulty interpreting English law (which, insofar as it relates to custody arrangements, is largely derived from court rulings rather than statute), LBMA rules or the customs and practices in the London custody market. It may be difficult or impossible for the Trust to sue any sub-custodian in a United States, New York or other court situated in the United States. In addition, it may be difficult, time consuming and/or expensive for the Trust to enforce in a foreign court a judgment rendered by a United States, New York or other court situated in the United States.








28












The Trust may not have adequate sources of recovery if its silver is lost, damaged, stolen or destroyed.





If the Trust’s silver is lost, damaged, stolen or destroyed under circumstances rendering a party liable to the Trust, the responsible party may not have the financial resources sufficient to satisfy the Trust’s claim. For example, as to a particular event of loss, the only source of recovery for the Trust might be limited to the Custodian, or any other sub-custodian or, to the extent identifiable, other responsible third parties (e.g., a thief or terrorist), any of which may not have the financial resources (including liability insurance coverage) to satisfy a valid claim of the Trust.






Shareholders and Authorized Participants lack the right under the Custody Agreements to assert claims directly against the Custodian, or any other sub-custodian.





Neither the Shareholders nor any Authorized Participant have a right under the Custody Agreements to assert a claim of the Trust against the Custodian, or any other sub-custodian. Claims under the Custody Agreements may only be asserted by the Trustee on behalf of the Trust.






Because the Trustee does not, and the Custodian has limited obligations to, oversee or monitor the activities of sub-custodians who may hold the Trust’s silver, failure by the sub-custodians to exercise due care in the safekeeping of the Trust’s silver could result in a loss to the Trust.





Under the Allocated Account Agreement, the Custodian may appoint from time to time one or more sub-custodians to hold the Trust’s silver on a temporary basis pending delivery to the Custodian. The sub-custodians which the Custodian currently uses are LBMA market making members that provide bullion vaulting and clearing services to third parties. The Custodian is required under the Allocated Account Agreement to use reasonable care in appointing its sub-custodians, making the Custodian liable only for negligence or bad faith in the selection of such sub-custodians, and has an obligation to use commercially reasonable efforts to obtain delivery of the Trust’s silver from any sub-custodians appointed by the Custodian. Otherwise, the Custodian is not liable for the acts or omissions of its sub-custodians. These sub-custodians may in turn appoint further sub-custodians, but the Custodian is not responsible for the appointment of these further sub-custodians. The Custodian does not undertake to monitor the performance by sub-custodians of their custody functions or their selection of further sub-custodians. The Trustee does not monitor the performance of the Custodian other than to review the reports provided by the Custodian pursuant to the Custody Agreements and does not undertake to monitor the performance of any sub-custodian.





Furthermore, the Trustee may have no right to visit the premises of any sub-custodian for the purposes of examining the Trust’s silver or any records maintained by the sub-custodian, and no sub-custodian will be obligated to cooperate in any review the Trustee may wish to conduct of the facilities, procedures, records or creditworthiness of such sub-custodian. In addition, the ability of the Trustee to monitor the performance of the Custodian may be limited because under the Allocated Account Agreement and the Unallocated Account Agreement the Trustee has only limited rights to visit the premises of the Custodian for the purpose of examining the Trust’s silver and certain related records maintained by the Custodian.






The obligations of any sub-custodian of the Trust’s silver are not determined by contractual arrangements but by LBMA rules and London silver market customs and practices, which may prevent the Trust’s recovery of damages for losses on its silver custodied with sub-custodians.





There are expected to be no written contractual arrangements between sub-custodians that hold the Trust’s silver and the Trustee or the Custodian because traditionally such arrangements are based on the customs and practices of the LBMA and the London bullion market. In the event of a legal dispute with respect to or arising from such arrangements, it may be difficult to define such customs and practices. The customs and practices of the LBMA may be subject to change outside the control of the Trust. Under English law, neither the Trustee nor the Custodian would have a supportable breach of contract claim against a sub-custodian for losses relating to the safekeeping of silver. If the Trust’s silver is lost or damaged while in the custody of a sub-custodian, the Trust may not be able to recover damages from the Custodian or the sub-custodian. Whether a sub-custodian will be liable for the failure of sub-custodians appointed by it to exercise due care in the safekeeping of the Trust’s silver will depend on the facts and circumstances of the particular situation. Shareholders cannot be assured that the Trustee will be able to recover damages from sub-custodians whether appointed by the Custodian or by another sub-custodian for any losses relating to the safekeeping of silver by such sub-custodians.








29












Silver bullion allocated to the Trust in connection with the creation of a Basket may not meet the London Good Delivery Standards and, if a Basket is issued against such silver, the Trust may suffer a loss.





Neither the Trustee nor the Custodian independently confirms the fineness of the silver allocated to the Trust in connection with the creation of a Basket. The silver bullion allocated to the Trust by the Custodian may be different from the reported fineness or weight required by the LBMA’s standards for silver bars delivered in settlement of a silver trade (London Good Delivery Standards), the standards required by the Trust. If the Trustee nevertheless issues a Basket against such silver, and if the Custodian fails to satisfy its obligation to credit the Trust the amount of any deficiency, the Trust may suffer a loss.






Silver held in the Trust’s unallocated silver account and any Authorized Participant’s unallocated silver account is not segregated from the Custodian’s assets. If the Custodian becomes insolvent, its assets may not be adequate to satisfy a claim by the Trust or any Authorized Participant. In addition, in the event of the Custodian’s insolvency, there may be a delay and costs incurred in identifying the bullion held in the Trust’s allocated silver account.





Silver which is part of a deposit for a purchase order or part of a redemption distribution is held for a time in the Trust Unallocated Account and, previously or subsequently in, the Authorized Participant Unallocated Account of the purchasing or redeeming Authorized Participant. During those times, the Trust and the Authorized Participant, as the case may be, have no proprietary rights to any specific bars of silver held by the Custodian and are each an unsecured creditor of the Custodian with respect to the amount of silver held in such unallocated accounts. In addition, if the Custodian fails to allocate the Trust’s silver in a timely manner, in the proper amounts or otherwise in accordance with the terms of the Unallocated Account Agreement, or if a sub-custodian fails to so segregate silver held by it on behalf of the Trust, unallocated silver will not be segregated from the Custodian’s assets, and the Trust will be an unsecured creditor of the Custodian with respect to the amount so held in the event of the insolvency of the Custodian. In the event the Custodian becomes insolvent, the Custodian’s assets might not be adequate to satisfy a claim by the Trust or the Authorized Participant for the amount of silver held in their respective unallocated silver accounts.





In the case of the insolvency of the Custodian, a liquidator may seek to freeze access to the silver held in all of the accounts held by the Custodian, including the Trust Allocated Account. Although the Trust would be able to claim ownership of properly allocated silver, the Trust could incur expenses in connection with asserting such claims, and the assertion of such a claim by the liquidator could delay creations and redemptions of Baskets.






In issuing Baskets, the Trustee relies on certain information received from the Custodian which is subject to confirmation after the Trustee has relied on the information. If such information turns out to be incorrect, Baskets may be issued in exchange for an amount of silver which is more or less than the amount of silver which is required to be deposited with the Trust.





The Custodian’s definitive records are prepared after the close of its business day. However, when issuing Baskets, the Trustee relies on information reporting the amount of silver credited to the Trust’s accounts which it receives from the Custodian during the business day and which is subject to correction during the preparation of the Custodian’s definitive records after the close of business. If the information relied upon by the Trustee is incorrect, the amount of silver actually received by the Trust may be more or less than the amount required to be deposited for the issuance of Baskets.








30












GENERAL RISKS






The Trust relies on the information and technology systems of the Trustee, the Custodian, the Marketing Agent and, to a lesser degree, the Sponsor, which could be adversely affected by information systems interruptions, cybersecurity attacks or other disruptions which could have a material adverse effect on the Trust’s record keeping and operations.





The Custodian, the Trustee, the Marketing Agent, and the Sponsor depend upon information technology infrastructure, including network, hardware and software systems to conduct their business as it relates to the Trust. A cybersecurity incident, or a failure to protect their computer systems, networks and information against cybersecurity threats, could result in a loss of information and adversely impact their ability to conduct their business, including their business on behalf of the Trust. Despite implementation of network and other cybersecurity measures, their security measures may not be adequate to protect against all cybersecurity threats.






Uncertainty regarding the effects of Brexit could adversely affect the price of the Shares.





The United Kingdom (the “UK”) left the European Union (the “EU”) (“Brexit”) on January 31, 2020, subject to a transitional period which ended December 31, 2020. During the transitional period, although the UK was no longer a member state of the EU, it remained subject to EU law and regulations as if it were still a member state. The UK and the EU were to negotiate the terms of their future trading relationship during the transitional period. On December 24, 2020, negotiators representing the UK and EU came to a preliminary trade agreement (the “TCA”), which was subsequently ratified by the UK parliament on December 30, 2020. On May 1, 2021, the EU Parliament ratified the TCA and the TCA entered into force. Despite the existence of the TCA, many aspects of the trade relationship between the EU and the UK, including matters related to financial services, are subject to future negotiation. It is not possible to predict the nature of the future trading relationship between the EU and the UK due to political uncertainty.





The unavoidable uncertainties and events related to Brexit could increase taxes and costs of business and cause volatility in currency exchange rates and interest rates. Brexit could adversely affect the performance of contracts in existence at the date of Brexit and European, UK or worldwide political, regulatory, economic or market conditions and could contribute to instability in political institutions, regulatory agencies and financial markets. Brexit could also lead to legal uncertainty and politically divergent national laws and regulations as a new relationship between the UK and EU is defined and the UK determines which EU laws to replace or replicate. Any of these effects of Brexit, and others that cannot be anticipated, could adversely affect the price of the Shares. The impact of Brexit on the Trust, the Trust’s service providers, and markets generally may not be fully known for some time.






The Trust as well as the Sponsor and its service providers are vulnerable to the effects of public health crises, including the ongoing novel coronavirus pandemic.





The COVID-19 pandemic has caused major disruptions to economies and markets around the world, including the markets in which the Trust invests, and which has and may continue to negatively impact the value of certain of the Trust’s investments. Although vaccines for COVID-19 and variants thereof are becoming more widely available, the COVID-19 pandemic and impacts thereof may continue for an extended period of time and may vary from market to market. To the extent the impacts of COVID-19 continue, the Trust may experience negative impacts to its business that could exacerbate other risks to which the Trust is subject. Policy and legislative changes in countries around the world are affecting many aspects of financial regulation, and governmental and quasi-governmental authorities and regulators throughout the world have previously responded to serious economic disruptions with a variety of significant fiscal and monetary policy changes.






Potential conflicts of interest may arise among the Sponsor or its affiliates and the Trust.





Conflicts of interest may arise among the Sponsor and its affiliates, on the one hand, and the Trust and its Shareholders, on the other hand. As a result of these conflicts, the Sponsor may favor its own interests and the interests of its affiliates over the Trust and its Shareholders. As an example, the Sponsor, its affiliates and their officers and employees are not prohibited from engaging in other businesses or activities, including those that might be in direct competition with the Trust.








31












It


em 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments





None.






It


em 2. Properties





Not applicable.






I


tem 3. Legal Proceedings





None






I


tem 4. Mine Safety Disclosure





Not applicable.








32












P


ART II






I


tem 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities





The Trust was formed on July 20, 2009 (the “Date of Inception”) following an initial deposit of silver. The Trust’s Shares have been listed on the NYSE Arca under the symbol SIVR since its initial public offering on July 24, 2009. The following tables set out the range of high and low closing prices for the Shares as reported for NYSE Arca transactions for each of the quarters during the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020:






































































Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2021: Quarter Ended





























High











Low







March 31, 2021







$




27.84










$




23.15







June 30, 2021







$




27.25










$




23.98







September 30, 2021







$




25.54










$




20.76







December 31, 2021







$




24.40










$




21.15








































































Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020: Quarter Ended





























High











Low







March 31, 2020







$




18.08










$




11.64







June 30, 2020







$




17.74










$




13.52







September 30, 2020







$




28.06










$




17.35







December 31, 2020







$




25.74










$




21.88









The number of outstanding Shares of the Trust as of February 24, 2022 was 45,150,000.






Monthly Share Price





The following table sets forth, for each of the most recent six months, the high and low closing prices of the Shares, as reported for NYSE Arca transactions.



















































































Month








High











Low







August 2021







$




24.64










$




22.24







September 2021







$




23.83










$




20.76







October 2021







$




23.67










$




21.69







November 2021







$




24.40










$




21.96







December 2021







$




22.40










$




21.15







January 2022







$




23.54










$




21.38














33












Issuer Purchase of Equity Securities





The Trust issues and redeems Shares only with Authorized Participants in exchange for silver, only in aggregations of 50,000 Shares or integral multiples thereof. A list of current Authorized Participants is available from the Sponsor or the Trustee and is included in Item 7 of this report. Although the Trust does not purchase Shares directly from its Shareholders, in connection with the redemption of Baskets, the Trust redeemed as follows during the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020:
































































































































































Month








Total number of


Shares redeemed











Average ounces


of silver per


Share







January 2021










500,000













0.966







February 2021










600,000













0.966







March 2021










600,000













0.966







April 2021






























May 2021






























June 2021










250,000













0.966







July 2021






























August 2021






























September 2021






























October 2021






























November 2021






























December 2021






























Total










1,950,000













0.966










34




































































































































































Month








Total number of


Shares redeemed











Average ounces


of silver per


Share







January 2020






























February 2020






























March 2020










100,000













0.969







April 2020






























May 2020










50,000













0.968







June 2020






























July 2020






























August 2020










500,000













0.967







September 2020






























October 2020










400,000













0.967







November 2020






























December 2020






























Total










1,050,000













0.967












Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations






This information should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes to the financial statements included with this report. The discussion and analysis that follows may contain statements that relate to future events or future performance. In some cases, such forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “may,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. We remind readers that forward-looking statements are merely predictions and therefore inherently subject to uncertainties and other factors and involve known and unknown risks that could cause the actual results, performance, levels of activity, or our achievements, or industry results, to be materially different from any future results, performance, levels of activity, or our achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. The Trust undertakes no obligation to publicly release any revisions to these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.








35












Introduction.





The Aberdeen Standard Silver ETF Trust (the “Trust”) is a trust formed under the laws of the State of New York. The Trust does not have any officers, directors, or employees, and is administered by The Bank of New York Mellon (the “Trustee”) acting as trustee pursuant to the Depositary Trust Agreement (the “Trust Agreement”) between the Trustee and, the sponsor of the Trust, Aberdeen Standard Investments ETFs Sponsor LLC (the “Sponsor”). The Trust issues Shares representing fractional undivided beneficial interests in its net assets. The assets of the Trust consist of silver bullion held by a custodian as an agent of the Trust and responsible only to the Trustee.





The Trust is a passive investment vehicle and the objective of the Trust is for the value of each Share to approximately reflect, at any given time, the price of the silver bullion owned by the Trust, less the Trust’s liabilities (anticipated to be principally for accrued operating expenses), divided by the number of outstanding Shares. The Trust does not engage in any activities designed to obtain a profit from, or ameliorate losses caused by, changes in the price of silver.





The Trust issues and redeems Shares only in exchange for silver, only in aggregations of 50,000 Shares or integral multiples thereof (each, a “Basket”), and only in transactions with registered broker-dealers (or other securities market participants not required to register as broker-dealers such as banks or other financial institutions) who (1) are participants in the DTC and (2) have previously entered into an agreement with the Trust governing the terms and conditions of such issuance (such dealers, the “Authorized Participants”).





As of the date of this annual report the Authorized Participants that have signed an Authorized Participant Agreement with the Trust are Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC, Goldman, Sachs & Co. LLC, HSBC Securities (USA) Inc., J.P. Morgan Securities Inc., Merrill Lynch Professional Clearing Corp., Mizuho Securities USA LLC, Morgan Stanley & Co. Inc, Scotia Capital (USA) Inc., UBS Securities LLC and Virtu Financial BD, LLC.





Shares of the Trust trade on the NYSE Arca under the symbol “SIVR”.





Investing in the Shares does not insulate the investor from certain risks, including price volatility. The following table illustrates the movement in the NAV of the Shares against the corresponding silver price (per 1 oz. of silver) since inception:






NAV per Share vs. Silver Price from July 20, 2009 (the Date of Inception) to December 31, 2021





image





The divergence of the NAV per Share from the silver price over time reflects the cumulative effect of the Trust expenses that arise if an investment had been held since inception.









Critical Accounting Policy








The financial statements and accompanying notes are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these financial statements relies on estimates and assumptions that impact the Trust’s financial position and results of operations. These estimates and assumptions affect the Trust’s application of accounting policies. Below we describe the valuation of silver bullion, a critical accounting policy that we believe is important to understanding the results of operations and financial position. In addition, please refer to Note 2 to the Financial Statements for further discussion of our accounting policies.








36












Valuation of Silver





Since August 15, 2014, an electronic, over-the-counter silver bullion auction has been conducted in London, England to establish a fixing price for an ounce of silver once each trading day (the “LBMA Silver Price”).  As of the date of filing, the LBMA Silver Price is established by the 12 LBMA-authorized bullion banks and market makers participating in the auction and disseminated by major market vendors. The LBMA Silver Price was initially operated by CME Group, Inc. until October 2, 2017, at which time the ICE Benchmark Administration (“IBA”) commenced administration of the LBMA Silver Price.  The “London Metal Price” for silver held by the Trust is the LBMA Silver Price. Realized gains and losses on transfers of silver, or silver distributed for the redemption of Shares, are calculated as the difference between the fair value and cost of silver transferred.
























































































December 31, 2021











December 31, 2020











December 31, 2019








(Amounts in 000’s of US$)








































Investment in silver - cost







$




895,562










$




608,877










$




422,010







Unrealized gain/(loss) on investment in silver










99,843













255,007













(3,072




)




Investment in silver- fair value







$




995,405










$




863,884










$




418,938










Inspection of Silver





Under the Custody Agreements, the Trustee, the Sponsor and the Trust’s auditors and inspectors may, only up to twice a year, visit the premises of the Custodian for the purpose of examining the Trust’s silver and certain related records maintained by the Custodian. In addition, under the Custody Agreements, the Custodian shall procure that any sub-custodian that it appoints allows access to its premises during normal business hours to examine the Trust’s silver held there and such records as the Trustee, the Sponsor or the Trust’s auditors and inspectors may reasonably require to perform their respective duties to Shareholders.





The Sponsor has exercised its right to visit the Custodian in order to examine the silver and the records maintained by them. Inspections were conducted by Inspectorate International Limited, a leading commodity inspection and testing company retained by the Sponsor, as of July 23, 2021 and December 31, 2021.





There can be no guarantee that the Sponsor or the Trust’s auditors and inspectors will be able to perform physical inspections of the Trust’s silver as planned. Local policies, regulations, or ordinances, as well as polices or restrictions adopted by the Custodian or a sub-custodian, may temporarily prevent, or otherwise impair the ability of, the Sponsor or the Trust’s auditors and inspectors, from performing a physical inspection of the Trust’s silver on a desired date. In those situations, the Sponsor or the Trust’s auditors and inspectors may seek to verify the silver held by the Trust by alternate means, including through virtual inspections of the Trust’s silver and/or a review of pertinent records.









Liquidity








The Trust is not aware of any trends, demands, conditions, events or uncertainties that are reasonably likely to result in material changes to its liquidity needs. In exchange for the Sponsor’s Fee, the Sponsor has agreed to assume most of the expenses incurred by the Trust. As a result, the only expense of the Trust during the period covered by this report was the Sponsor’s Fee. The Trust’s only source of liquidity is its transfers and sales of silver.





The Trustee will, at the direction of the Sponsor or in its own discretion, sell the Trust’s silver as necessary to pay the Trust’s expenses not otherwise assumed by the Sponsor. The Trustee will not sell silver to pay the Sponsor’s Fee but will pay the Sponsor’s Fee through in-kind transfers of silver to the Sponsor. At December 31, 2021 and 2020, the Trust did not have any cash balances.








37












Review of Financial Results








Financial Highlights






















































































Year Ended


December 31,


2021











Year Ended


December 31,


2020











Year Ended


December 31,


2019








(Amounts in 000’s of US$)








































Total gain/(loss) on silver







$




(140,299




)







$




262,999










$




57,508







Net change assets from operations







$




(143,267




)







$




261,212










$




56,421







Net cash provided by operating activities







$














$














$













The net asset value (“NAV”) of the Trust is obtained by subtracting the Trust’s liabilities on any day from the value of the silver owned or receivable by the Trust on that day; the NAV per Share is obtained by dividing the NAV of the Trust on a given day by the number of Shares outstanding on that day.






The year ended December 31, 2021





The Trust’s NAV increased from $863,664,235 at December 31, 2020 to $995,151,629 at December 31, 2021, a 15.22% increase for the year. The increase in the Trust’s NAV resulted primarily from an increase in outstanding Shares, which rose from 33,750,000 Shares at December 31, 2020 to 44,750,000 Shares at December 31, 2021, a result of 12,950,000 Shares (259 Baskets) being created and 1,950,000 Shares (39 Baskets) being redeemed during the year. There was a decrease in the price per ounce of silver, which fell 12.84% from $26.49 at December 31, 2020 to $23.09 at December 31, 2021.





NAV per Share decreased 13.09% from $25.59 at December 31, 2020 to $22.24 at December 31, 2021. The Trust’s NAV per Share fell slightly more than the price per ounce of silver on a percentage basis due to the Sponsor’s Fee, net of waiver, which was $2,968,351 for the year, or 0.30% of the Trust’s ANAV.





The NAV per Share of $28.58 at February 1, 2021 was the highest during the year, compared with a low of $20.75 at September 30, 2021.





The decrease in net assets from operations for the year ended December 31, 2021 was $143,267,723, resulting from a realized gain of $593,507 on the transfer of silver to pay expenses and a realized gain of $14,271,606 on silver distributed for the redemption of Shares, offset by a change in unrealized loss on investment on silver of $155,164,485, and the Sponsor’s Fee, net of waiver, of $2,968,351. Other than the Sponsor’s Fee, the Trust had no expenses during the year ended December 31, 2021.






The year ended December 31, 2020





The Trust’s NAV increased from $407,463,630 at December 31, 2019 to $863,664,235 at December 31, 2020, a 111.96% increase for the year. The increase in the Trust’s NAV resulted primarily from an increase in outstanding Shares, which rose from 23,300,000 Shares at December 31, 2019 to 33,750,000 Shares at December 31, 2020, a result of 11,500,000 Shares (230 Baskets) being created and 1,050,000 Shares (21 Baskets) being redeemed during the year and an increase in the price per ounce of silver, which rose 46.77% from $18.05 at December 31, 2019 to $26.49 at December 31, 2020.





NAV per Share increased 46.31% from $17.49 at December 31, 2019 to $25.59 at December 31, 2020. The Trust’s NAV per Share rose slightly less than the price per ounce of silver on a percentage basis due to the Sponsor’s Fee, net of waiver, which was $1,787,310 for the year, or 0.30% of the Trust’s ANAV.








38











The NAV per Share of $27.94 at September 1, 2020 was the highest during the year, compared with a low of $11.63 at March 19, 2020.





The increase in net assets from operations for the year ended December 31, 2020 was $261,211,613, resulting from a change in unrealized gain on investment in silver of $258,078,973, a realized gain of $174,027 on the transfer of silver to pay expenses, and a realized gain of $4,745,923 on silver distributed for the redemption of Shares, offset by the Sponsor’s Fee, net of waiver, of $1,787,310. Other than the Sponsor’s Fee, the Trust had no expenses during the year ended December 31, 2020.






The year ended December 31, 2019





The Trust’s NAV increased from $339,734,175 at December 31, 2018 to $407,463,630 at December 31, 2019, a 19.94% increase for the year. The increase in the Trust’s NAV resulted primarily from an increase in outstanding Shares, which rose from 22,600,000 Shares at December 31, 2018 to 23,300,000 Shares at December 31, 2019, a result of 2,250,000 Shares (45 Baskets) being created and 1,550,000 Shares (31 Baskets) being redeemed during the year, and an increase in the price per ounce of silver, which rose 16.68% from $15.47 at December 31, 2018 to $18.05 at December 31, 2019.





NAV per Share increased 16.37% from $15.03 at December 31, 2018 to $17.49 at December 31, 2019. The Trust’s NAV per Share rose slightly less than the price per ounce of silver on a percentage basis due to the Sponsor’s Fee, net of waiver, which was $1,087,303 for the year, or 0.30% of the Trust’s ANAV.





The NAV per Share of $18.73 at September 4, 2019 was the highest during the year, compared with a low of $13.96 at May 29, 2019.





The increase in net assets from operations for the year ended December 31, 2019 was $56,420,636, resulting from a change in unrealized gain on investment in silver of $59,906,512, a realized loss of $149,268 on the transfer of silver to pay expenses, a realized loss of $2,249,305 on silver distributed for the redemption of Shares, and the Sponsor’s Fee, net of waiver, of $1,087,303. Other than the Sponsor’s Fee, the Trust had no expenses during the year ended December 31, 2019.






Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements





The Trust is not a party to any off-balance sheet arrangements.






I


tem 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk





The Trust Agreement does not authorize the Trustee to borrow for payment of the Trust’s ordinary expenses. The Trust does not engage in transactions in foreign currencies which could expose the Trust or holders of Shares to any foreign currency related market risk. The Trust invests in no derivative financial instruments and has no foreign operations or long-term debt instruments.






39












I


tem 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data


(Unaudited)








Quarterly Income Statements






Year Ended


December 31, 2021
















































































































































































































































































































































































































































Three months ended











Year ended








(Amounts in 000’s of US$, except for Share and per Share data)








March 31











June 30











September 30











December 31











December 31








EXPENSES
































































Sponsor’s Fee







$




1,022










$




1,165










$




1,119










$




1,146










$




4,452







Less: Waiver of Sponsor’s Fee (Note 2.7)










(341




)










(388




)










(373




)










(382




)










(1,484




)




Total expenses










681













777













746










$




764










$




2,968







Net investment loss










(681




)










(777




)










(746




)










(764




)










(2,968




)




































































REALIZED AND UNREALIZED GAINS / (LOSSES)
































































Realized (loss) / gain on silver transferred to pay expenses










184













173













153













83













593







Realized (loss) / gain on silver distributed for the redemption of Shares










13,011













1,261







































14,272







Change in unrealized gain and loss on investment in silver










(105,220




)










60,588













(174,242




)










63,710













(155,164




)




Total (loss) / gain on investment in sliver










(92,025




)










62,022













(174,089




)










63,793













(140,299




)



































































Change in net assets from operations







$




(92,706




)







$




61,245










$




(174,835




)







$




63,029










$




(143,267




)




































































Net increase / (decrease) in net assets per Share







$




(2.50




)







$




1.52










$




(4.14




)







$




1.88










$




(3.50




)




































































Weighted average number of Shares










37,134,144













40,222,527













42,279,348













33,528,260













40,903,425










Year Ended


December 31, 2020







































































































































































































































































































































































































































































Three months ended











Year ended








(Amounts in 000’s of US$, except for Share and per Share data)








March 31











June 30











September 30











December 31











December 31








EXPENSES
































































Sponsor’s Fee







$




425










$




500










$




833










$




923










$




2,681







Less: Waiver of Sponsor’s Fee (Note 2.7)










(142




)










(167




)










(278




)










(307




)










(894




)




Total expenses










283













333













555













616













1,787






































































Net investment loss










(283




)










(333




)










(555




)










(616




)










(1,787




)




































































REALIZED AND UNREALIZED GAINS / (LOSSES)
































































Realized loss on silver transferred to pay expenses










(3




)










(43




)










84













136













174







Realized loss on silver distributed for the redemption of Shares










(112




)










(124




)










3,029













1,953













4,746







Change in unrealized (loss) / gain on investment in silver










(93,071




)










103,126













160,261













87,763













258,079







Total (loss) / gain on investment in silver










(93,186




)










102,959













163,374













89,852













262,999






































































Change in net assets from operations







$




(93,469




)







$




102,626










$




162,819










$




89,236










$




261,212







































































Net (decrease) / increase in net assets per Share







$




(3.95




)







$




3.72










$




5.06










$




2.66










$




8.93









































































Weighted average number of Shares










23,676,923













22,586,264













32,159,783













33,528,260













29,257,514










Note: Quarterly balances may not add to totals due to independent rounding.





The financial statements required by Regulation S-X, together with the report of the Trust’s independent registered public accounting firm appear on pages F-1 to F-13 of this filing.








40












I


tem 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure





None.






I


tem 9A. Controls and Procedures





The Trust maintains disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in its Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of the Sponsor, and to the audit committee, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.





Under the supervision and with the participation of the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer of the Sponsor, the Sponsor conducted an evaluation of the Trust’s disclosure controls and procedures, as defined under Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e). Based on this evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer of the Sponsor concluded that, as of December 31, 2021, the Trust’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective.





Internal controls over financial reporting have been maintained throughout the Trust’s fiscal year ended December 31, 2021. There have been no changes that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Trust’s or Sponsor’s internal control over financial reporting.






Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting





The Sponsor’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as defined under Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f). The Trust’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that:





(1)          pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the Trust’s assets;





(2)          provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that the Trust’s receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with appropriate authorizations; and





(3)          provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the Trust’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.





Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become ineffective because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.





The Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of the Sponsor assessed the effectiveness of the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021. In making this assessment, they used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in

Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013)

. Their assessment included an evaluation of the design of the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting and testing of the operational effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting. Based on their assessment and those criteria, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of the Sponsor concluded that the Trust maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021.





KPMG LLP, the independent registered public accounting firm that audited and reported on the financial statements included in this Form 10-K, as stated in their report which is included herein, issued an attestation report on the effectiveness of the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021.








41














Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting
Firm



To the Sponsor, Trustee and Shareholders


Aberdeen Standard Silver ETF Trust:




Opinion on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting



We have audited Aberdeen Standard Silver ETF Trust's (the Trust)
internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021, based on criteria established in

Internal Control –
Integrated Framework (2013)

issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. In our opinion, the
Trust maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021, based
on criteria established in

Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013)

issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations
of the Treadway Commission.



We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public
Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the statements of assets and liabilities of the Trust, including the schedules
of investments, as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, the related statements of operations and changes in net assets and the financial
highlights for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2021, and the related notes (collectively, the
financial statements), and our report dated February 28, 2022 expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements.




Basis for Opinion



The Trust’s management is responsible for maintaining effective
internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included
in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion
on the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the
PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Trust in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable
rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.



We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB.
Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over
financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining
an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating
the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures
as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.




Definition and Limitations of Internal Control Over Financial
Reporting



A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a
process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements
for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting
includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly
reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded
as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts
and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and
(3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s
assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.



Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial
reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject
to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or
procedures may deteriorate.














/s/ KPMG LLP







New York, New York


February 28, 2022








42












I


tem 9B. Other Information





Not applicable.








43












P


ART III






I


tem 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance





The Trust has no directors or executive officers. The biographies of the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Sponsor and the Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of the Sponsor are set out below:









Steven Dunn – President and Chief Executive Officer








Mr. Dunn, CIMA®, is the Head of Exchange Traded Funds at abrdn Inc.. Mr. Dunn guides the firm’s strategic direction and distribution strategy for ETFs. Previously, he was a Director with Deutsche Asset and Wealth Management in charge of managing relationships with US ETF Strategists and overseeing the Eastern Division sales team. Prior to that, Mr. Dunn was a consultant at Brandywine Global Investment Management and has also held sales and distribution strategy positions at iShares, Blackrock and Vanguard. Mr. Dunn holds a B.A. degree in Public Administration from Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania and has completed his MBA at Pennsylvania State University. He holds the Series 7, 24, and 63 registrations as well as the Certified Investment Management Analyst® (CIMA®).









Andrea Melia – Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer








Ms. Melia is Vice President and Senior Director of Product Management for abrdn Inc. Ms. Melia has managed the fund administration team since joining abrdn Inc. in September 2009. Prior to joining abrdn Inc., Ms. Melia was Director of fund administration and accounting oversight for Princeton Administrators LLC, a division of BlackRock Inc. and had worked with Princeton Administrators since 1992. Ms. Melia holds a BS in Accounting from University of Scranton and a MBA from Rider University.





As described under Item 1 above, abrdn Inc. is the parent of the Sponsor.






I


tem 11. Executive Compensation





The Trust has no directors or executive officers. The only ordinary expense paid by the Trust is the Sponsor’s Fee.






I


tem 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters






Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners





There are no persons known by the Trust to own directly or indirectly beneficially more than 5% of the outstanding Shares of the Trust.






Security Ownership of Management





Not applicable.






Change in Control





Neither the Sponsor nor the Trustee knows of any arrangements which may subsequently result in a change in control of the Trust.






I


tem 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence





The Trust has no directors or executive officers.








44












I


tem 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services





Fees for services performed by


KPMG LLP


for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020






New
York, NY


Auditor ID:


185

























































December 31, 2021










December 31, 2021







Audit fees – KPMG







$




77,250










$




77,825







Audit related fees - KPMG










10,000













10,000













$




87,250










$




87,825









Audit Fees are fees paid by the Sponsor to KPMG LLP for professional services for the audit of the Trust’s financial statements included in the Form 10-K and review of financial statements included in the Form 10-Qs, and for services that are normally provided by the accountants in connection with regulatory filings or engagements. Audit Related Fees are paid by the Sponsor to KPMG LLP for assurance and related services that are reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of the Trust’s financial statements. These services include the accountant providing a consent letter related to the Trust’s registration statement filing.






Pre-Approval Policies and Procedures





As referenced in Item 10 above, the Trust has no board of directors, and as a result, has no pre-approval policies or procedures with respect to fees paid to KPMG LLP. Such determinations are made by the Sponsor.










45














P


ART IV






I


tem 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules






1. Financial Statements





See Index to financial statements on Page F-1 for a list of the financial statements being filed herein.






2. Financial Statement Schedules





Schedules have been omitted since they are either not required, not applicable, or the information has otherwise been included.






3. Exhibits

































































































































Exhibit
No.



Description



4.1(a)




Depositary
Trust Agreement, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 filed with Registration Statement No. 333-156307 on July 21, 2009










4.1(b)




Amendment to the Depositary Trust Agreement effective October 1, 2018










4.2




Form
of Authorized Participant Agreement, effective as of September 5, 2017, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 filed with
the Trust’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2017.










4.3




Certificate of Beneficial Interest, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.3 filed with Registration Statement No. 333-156307 on July 21, 2009










10.1




Allocated
Account Agreement, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 filed with the Trust’s Current Report on Form 8-K on March
29, 2019










10.2




Unallocated
Account Agreement, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 filed with the Trust’s Current Report on Form 8-K on March
29, 2019










10.3




Depository
Agreement, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 filed with Registration Statement No. 333-156307 on July 21, 2009










10.4(a)




Marketing
Agent Agreement, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 filed with Registration Statement No 333-156307 on July 21, 2009










10.4(b)




Novation
of and Amendment No. 1 to the Marketing Agent Agreement effective October 1, 2018










99.1




Novation
Agreement, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.1 filed with Commission File No. 001-34412 on December 18, 2014










23.1




Consent of KPMG LLP, Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm










31.1




Chief Executive Officer’s Certificate, pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002










31.2




Chief Financial Officer’s Certificate, pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002










32.1




Chief Executive Officer’s Certificate, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002










32.2




Chief Financial Officer’s Certificate, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002











46



































































101



The following financial statements from the
Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, formatted in Inline XBRL: (i) Statements of
Assets and Liabilities, (ii) Statements of Operations, (iii) Statements of Changes in Net Assets, and (iv) Notes to the Financial
Statements.









101.SCH



XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document









101.CAL



XBRL
Taxonomy Extension Calculation Document









101.DEF



XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definitions Document









101.LAB



XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Document









101.PRE



XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Document









104



The cover page from the Trust’s Annual
Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, formatted in Inline XBRL (included as Exhibit 101).








47












It


em 16. Form 10-K Summary





Not applicable.








48












Aberdeen Standard Silver ETF Trust


Financial Statements as of December 31, 2021


Index







































































Page













Report
of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm




F-2











Statements
of Assets and Liabilities at December 31, 2021 and 2020




F-3












Schedules
of Investments at December 31, 2021 and 2020




F-4












Statements
of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019




F-5












Statements
of Changes in Net Assets for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019




F-6












Financial
Highlights for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019




F-7












Notes
to the Financial Statements




F-8











F-

1






















Report
of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm




To the Sponsor, Trustee and Shareholders


Aberdeen Standard Silver ETF Trust:




Opinion on the Financial Statements




We have audited the accompanying
statements of assets and liabilities of Aberdeen Standard Silver ETF Trust (the Trust), including the schedules of investments, as of
December 31, 2021 and 2020, the related statements of operations and changes in net assets and the financial highlights for
each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2021, and the related notes (collectively, the financial statements). In
our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Trust as of December 31, 2021
and 2020, and the results of its operations, the changes in its net assets and the financial highlights for each of the years in the three-year
period ended December 31, 2021, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.



We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public
Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2021,
based on criteria established in

Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013)

issued by the Committee of Sponsoring
Organizations of the Treadway Commission, and our report dated February 28, 2022 expressed an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness
of the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting.




Basis for Opinion




These financial statements are
the responsibility of the Trust’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on
our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Trust in
accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and
the PCAOB.




We conducted our audits in accordance
with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether
the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to
assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond
to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements.
Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating
the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.




Critical Audit Matter




The critical audit matter communicated
below is a matter arising from the current period audit of the financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated
to the audit committee and that: (1) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved
our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of a critical audit matter does not alter in any way our
opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate
opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.




Evaluation of the evidence
pertaining to the existence of the silver holdings




As presented on the December
31, 2021 schedule of investments and in Note 2.2, the fair value of the Trust’s investment in silver is $995,405 thousand, representing
100.03% of the Trust’s net assets, and 43,119,101.1 ounces of silver holdings. The investment in silver is held by a third-party
custodian or sub-custodian (collectively, the custodian).




We identified the evaluation
of the evidence pertaining to the existence of the silver holdings as a critical audit matter. Given the nature and volume of the silver
holdings, subjective auditor judgment was required to evaluate the extent and nature of evidence obtained to assess the existence of silver
held by the custodian.




The following are the primary
procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter. We evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of certain
internal controls related to the critical audit matter. This included controls over (1) the comparison of the Trust’s records of
silver held to the custodian’s records, (2) the approval of silver deposits and withdrawals by the trustee of the Trust and (3)
the physical counts of the Trust’s silver holdings performed at the custodian’s locations by a third party engaged by the
Trust’s sponsor. We obtained a schedule directly from the custodian of the Trust’s silver holdings held by the custodian as
of December 31, 2021. We compared the total ounces on such schedule to the Trust’s record of silver holdings. We also attended and
observed a part of the physical counts of the Trust’s silver holdings. We obtained and read the physical count result report of
the third party and reconciled that report to both the Trust’s and custodian’s records.














/s/ KPMG LLP











We have served as the Trust’s
auditor since 2015.




New York, New York


February 28, 2022





F-

2












Aberdeen Standard Silver ETF Trust







Statements of Assets and Liabilities



At December 31, 2021 and 2020





































































































































December 31, 2021











December 31, 2020








(Amounts in 000’s of US$, except for Share and per Share data)





























ASSETS




























Investment in silver (cost: December 31, 2021: $


895,562


; December 31, 2020: $


608,877


)







$





995,405










$





863,884







Total assets











995,405














863,884





































LIABILITIES




























Fees payable to Sponsor











253














220







Total liabilities











253














220



































NET ASSETS

(1)








$





995,152










$





863,664















(1)





Authorized share capital is




unlimited




with




no




par value per Share. Shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2021 were




44,750,000




and at December 31, 2020 were




33,750,000




. Net asset values per Share at December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were $


22.24


and $


25.59


, respectively.










See Notes to the Financial Statements










F-

3












Aberdeen Standard Silver ETF Trust







Schedules of Investments



At December 31, 2021 and 2020
























































































































December 31, 2021


Description


oz



Cost



Fair Value



% of Net Assets



Investment in silver

(in 000’s of US$, except for oz and percentage data)











Silver




43,119,101.1




$


895,562




$


995,405






100.03


%

Total investment in silver




43,119,101.1




$


895,562




$


995,405






100.03


%

Less liabilities











(

253


)



(

0.03


)%

Net Assets










$


995,152






100.00


%





















































































































December 31, 2020


Description


oz



Cost



Fair Value



% of Net Assets



Investment in silver

(in 000’s of US$, except for oz and percentage data)











Silver




32,617,862.0




$


608,877




$


863,884






100.03


%

Total investment in silver




32,617,862.0




$


608,877




$


863,884






100.03


%

Less liabilities











(

220


)



(

0.03


)%

Net Assets










$


863,664






100.00


%








See Notes to the Financial Statements










F-

4












Aberdeen Standard Silver ETF Trust







Statements of Operations



For the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020, and 2019








































































































































































































































































































Year Ended


December 31, 2021











Year Ended


December 31, 2020











Year Ended


December 31, 2019








(Amounts in 000’s of US$, except for Share and per Share data)









































EXPENSES








































Sponsor’s Fee







$





4,452










$





2,681










$





1,631







Less: Waiver










(

1,484




)










(

894




)










(

544




)




Total expenses











2,968














1,787














1,087







Net investment loss










(

2,968




)










(

1,787




)










(

1,087




)














































REALIZED AND UNREALIZED GAINS / (LOSSES)








































Realized gain / (loss) on silver transferred to pay expenses











593














174













(

150




)




Realized gain / (loss) on silver distributed for the redemption of Shares











14,272














4,746













(

2,249




)




Change in unrealized gain / (loss) on investment in silver










(

155,164




)











258,079














59,907







Total gain / (loss) on investment in silver










(

140,299




)











262,999














57,508














































Change in net assets from operations







$




(

143,267




)







$





261,212










$





56,421

















































Net increase / (decrease) in net assets per Share







$




(

3.50




)







$





8.93










$





2.45

















































Weighted average number of Shares











40,903,425














29,257,514














22,988,630













See Notes to the Financial Statements










F-

5












Aberdeen Standard Silver ETF Trust







Statements of Changes in Net Assets



For the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019






























































































































Year Ended December 31, 2021








(Amounts in 000’s of US$, except for Share data)








Shares











Amount







Opening balance at January 1, 2021











33,750,000










$





863,664







Net investment loss






















(

2,968




)




Realized gain on investment in silver























14,865







Change in unrealized (loss) on investment in silver






















(

155,164




)




Creations











12,950,000














326,048







Redemptions










(

1,950,000




)










(

51,293




)




Closing balance at December 31, 2021











44,750,000










$





995,152


































































































































Year Ended December 31, 2020








(Amounts in 000’s of US$, except for Share data)








Shares











Amount







Opening balance at January 1, 2020











23,300,000










$





407,464







Net investment loss






















(

1,787




)




Realized gain on investment in silver























4,920







Change in unrealized gain on investment in silver























258,079







Creations











11,500,000














218,306







Redemptions










(

1,050,000




)










(

23,234




)




Closing balance at December 31, 2020











33,750,000










$





863,664













































































































































Year Ended December 31, 2019








(Amounts in 000’s of US$, except for Share data)








Shares











Amount







Opening balance at January 1, 2019











22,600,000










$





339,734







Net investment loss






















(

1,087




)




Realized (loss) on investment in silver






















(

2,399




)




Change in unrealized gain on investment in silver























59,907







Change in unrealized gain on unsettled creations or redemptions























84







Creations











2,250,000














36,430







Redemptions










(

1,550,000




)










(

25,205




)




Closing balance at December 31, 2019











23,300,000










$





407,464













See Notes to the Financial Statements










F-

6












Aberdeen Standard Silver ETF Trust







Financial Highlights



For the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019



































































































































































Year Ended


December 31, 2021











Year Ended


December 31, 2020











Year Ended


December 31, 2019








Per Share Performance (for a Share outstanding throughout the entire period)








































Net asset value per Share at beginning of period







$





25.59










$





17.49










$





15.03








Income from investment operations:








































Net investment loss










(

0.07




)










(

0.06




)










(

0.05




)




Total realized and unrealized gains or losses on investment in silver










(

3.28




)











8.16














2.51







Change in net assets from operations










(

3.35




)