SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Amendment No. 3
GENERAL FORM FOR REGISTRATION OF SECURITIES
Pursuant to Section 12(b) or (g) of The Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Registrant’s telephone number including area code: (852) 9338-3077
Securities to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Novagant Corp. is filing this amended General Form for Registration of Securities on Form 10/A, or this “registration statement,” to register its common stock, par value $0.001 per share (“Common Stock”), pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Unless otherwise mentioned or unless the context requires otherwise, when used in this registration statement, the terms “Company,” “we,” “us,” “our,” “EFLL” and “NVGT” refer to Novagant Corp. and/or its wholly-owned subsidiary, Ever Full Logistics Limited.
NVGT is a holding company, incorporated in Nevada. Our operations are conducted through our wholly-owned subsidiary organized in Hong Kong, EFLL. EFLL’s operations are based in Hong Kong. We have no business operations in China.
This structure presents unique risks as our investors may never directly hold equity interests in our Hong Kong subsidiary and will be dependent upon contributions from our subsidiaries to finance our cash flow needs. Our holding company NVGT and Hong Kong subsidiary EFLL are currently not required to obtain permission or approval from the Chinese authorities including the China Securities Regulatory Commission, or CSRC, or Cybersecurity Administration Committee, or CAC, to operate or to issue securities to foreign investors.
While this currently does not present any operational risks, interference from the government of the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”) could
cause a material change in our operations and the value of the Company’s common stock. Recent statements by the government of the PRC, while not currently applicable to EFLL, could limit the Company’s use of variable interest entities, effect the Company’s data security, and hinder our ability to operate as planned. Further overreach by the Chinese government into Hong Kong could limit the Company’s ability to accept foreign investments or be quoted in the U.S.
We believe that there are certain risks and uncertainties involved in our operations, some of which are beyond our control. We believe a few of the more significant risks relating to our business are as follows summarized below and in “Risk Factors — Risks Of The Corporate Structure Based In Hong Kong.”
In light of China’s extension of its authority into Hong Kong, the Chinese government can change Hong Kong’s rules and regulations including its enforcement and interpretation at any time with little to no advance notice and can intervene at any time with little to no advance notice. NVGT and EFLL are currently not required to obtain permission or approval from Chinese authorities to list on U.S. exchanges. We
have not been denied from any Chinese authorities with permissions or approvals to operate our business or to offer our securities so far.
However, if our subsidiaries or the holding company were required to obtain permission or approval in the future, or we erroneously conclude that permissions or approvals were not required, or we were denied permission or approval from Chinese authorities to operate or to list on U.S. exchanges, we will not be able to continue listing on a U.S. exchange and the value of our common stock would likely significantly decline or become worthless, which would materially affect the interest of the investors. There is a risk that the Chinese government may intervene or influence our operations at any time, or may exert more control over offerings conducted overseas and/or foreign investment in Hong Kong-based issuers, which could result in a material change in our operations and/or the value of our securities. Further, any actions by the Chinese government to exert more oversight and control over offerings that are conducted overseas and/or foreign investment in China-based issuers and Hong Kong based issuers, would likely significantly limit or completely hinder our ability to offer or continue to offer securities to investors and cause the value of such securities to significantly decline or be worthless. Please see
Risk Factors - We face the risk that changes in the policies of the PRC government could have a significant impact upon the business we may be able to conduct in the Hong Kong and the profitability of such business
al uncertainties and risks
arising from the legal system in China,
regarding the enforcement of laws and that rules and regulations in China can change quickly
with respect to the political and economic policies of the PRC government and PRC laws and regulations could have a significant impact upon the business that we may be able to conduct in Hong Kong and accordingly on the results of our operations and financial condition
Adverse changes in economic and political policies of the PRC government could have a material and adverse effect on overall economic growth in China and Hong Kong, which could materially and adversely affect our business. General macroeconomic conditions may materially and adversely affect our business, prospects, results of operations and financial position. Occupation protest, demonstration or rioting causing mass disruption to business in Hong Kong may impose adverse impact on the economy of Hong Kong, which in turn may affect our business performance. The PRC government’s control over foreign currency conversion may adversely affect our business and results of operations and our ability to remit dividends. PRC regulations of loans to and direct investments in PRC entities by offshore holding companies may delay or prevent us from making loans or additional capital contributions to our operating subsidiary in Hong Kong, which could materially and adversely affect our liquidity and our ability to fund and expand business. The M&A Rules and certain other PRC regulations may make it more difficult for us to pursue growth through acquisitions. Under the Enterprise Income Tax Law, we may be classified as a “Resident Enterprise” of China. Such classification will likely result in unfavorable tax consequences to us and our non-PRC shareholders and have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and the value of your investment. We face uncertainties with respect to indirect transfers of equity interests in PRC resident enterprises by their non-PRC holding companies.
The Chinese government exerts substantial influence over, and can intervene at any time with little to no advance notice in the manner in which we must conduct our business activities. The holding company NVGT and the subsidiary EFLL are currently not required to obtain permission or approval from Chinese authorities to list on U.S. exchanges. However, to the extent that the Chinese government exerts more control over offerings conducted overseas and/or foreign investment in Hong Kong based issuers over time and if our subsidiary or the holding company were required to obtain approval in the future and were denied permission from Chinese authorities to list on U.S. exchanges, we will not be able to continue listing on a U.S. exchange and the value of our common stock may significantly
decline or become worthless, which would materially affect the interest of the investors in future. Please see
The Chinese government exerts substantial influence over the manner in which we must conduct our business activities. We are currently not required to obtain permission or approval from Chinese authorities to list on U.S exchanges. However, to the extent that the Chinese government exerts more control over offerings conducted overseas and/or foreign investment in China-based
issuers and Hong Kong based issuers over time and if our PRC subsidiaries or the holding company were required to obtain permission or approval in the future and were denied permission from Chinese authorities to list on U.S. exchanges, we will not be able to continue listing on U.S. exchange and the value of our common stock may significantly decline or become worthless, which would materially affect the interest of the investors.
U.S shareholders may face difficulties in effecting service of process against the Company and our officers and directors, as they are all based in Hong Kong. Even with proper service of process, the enforcement of judgments obtained in U.S. courts or foreign courts based on the civil liability provisions of the U.S. federal securities laws would be extremely difficult. Furthermore, there would be added costs and issues with bringing an original action in foreign courts to enforce liabilities based on the U.S. federal securities laws against the Company or any of the officers or directors, and they still may be fruitless.
The holding company and the subsidiary are not required to obtain any permission or approval for our operations from the Chinese government, including those required from the CSRC, CAC or any other entity at present.
However, in light of the recent statements and regulatory actions by the PRC government, such as those related to Hong Kong’s national security, the promulgation of regulations prohibiting foreign ownership of Chinese companies operating in certain industries, which are constantly evolving, and anti-monopoly concerns, we may be subject to the risks of uncertainty of any future actions of the PRC government in this regard including the risk that we inadvertently conclude that such permissions or approvals are not required, that applicable laws, regulations or interpretations change such that we are required to obtain permission or approval in the future, or that the PRC government could disallow our holding company structure, which would likely result in a material change in our operations, including our ability to continue our existing holding company structure, carry on our current business, accept foreign investments, and offer or continue to offer securities to our investors. These adverse actions would likely cause the value of our common stock to significantly decline or become worthless. We may also be subject to penalties and sanctions imposed by the PRC regulatory agencies, including the Chinese Securities Regulatory Commission, if we fail to comply with such rules and regulations, which would likely adversely affect the ability of the Company’s securities to continue to trade on the Over-the-Counter market, which would likely cause the value of our securities to significantly decline or become worthless.
Furthermore, there may be some prominent risks associated with our operations based in Hong Kong. For example, as a U.S.-listed Hong Kong public company, we may face heightened scrutiny, criticism and negative publicity, which could result in a material change in our operations and the value of our common stock. It could also significantly limit or completely hinder our ability to offer or continue to offer securities to investors and cause the value of such securities to significantly decline or be worthless. Additionally, changes in Chinese internal regulatory mandates, such as the M&A rules, Anti-Monopoly Law, and the soon to be effective Data Security Law, may target the Company's corporate structure and impact our ability to conduct business in Hong Kong, accept foreign investments, or list on an U.S. or other foreign exchange.
Recently, the PRC government initiated a series of regulatory actions and statements to regulate business operations in China with little advance notice, including cracking down on illegal activities in the securities market, enhancing supervision over China-based companies and Hong Kong-based companies listed overseas using variable interest entity structure, adopting new measures to extend the scope of cybersecurity reviews, and expanding the efforts in anti-monopoly enforcement, The business of NVGT and EFLL until now are not subject to cybersecurity review with the Cyberspace Administration of China, or CAC, given that: (i) our services are offered not directly to individual users; (ii) we do not possess a large amount of personal information in our business operations.. In addition, we are not subject to merger control review by China’s anti-monopoly enforcement agency due to the level of our revenues which provided from us and audited by our auditor and the fact that we currently do not expect to propose or implement any acquisition of control of, or decisive influence over, any company with revenues within China of more than RMB400 million. Currently, these statements and regulatory actions have had no impact on our daily business operation, the ability to accept foreign investments and list our securities on an U.S. or other foreign exchange. However, since these statements and regulatory actions are the latest, it is highly uncertain how soon legislative or administrative regulation making bodies will respond and what existing or new laws or regulations or detailed implementations and interpretations will be modified or promulgated, if any, and the potential impact such modified or new laws and regulations will have on our daily business operation, the ability to accept foreign investments and list our securities on an U.S. or other foreign exchange.
For a detailed description of the legal and operational risks facing the Company and the offering associated with our operations in Hong Kong, please refer to the amended Registration Statement.
Transfers of Cash to and from Our Subsidiary
NVGT is permitted under the Nevada laws to provide funding to our subsidiary in Hong Kong through loans or capital contributions without restrictions on the amount of the funds, subject to satisfaction of applicable government registration, approval and filing requirements. Likewise, EFLL is permitted under the laws of Hong Kong to provide funding to NVGT through earnings distribution without restrictions on the amount of the funds. As of the date of this prospectus, there have been no dividends or distributions among the holding company or the subsidiary and no transfers of cash between the holding company and the subsidiary.
We currently intend to retain all available funds and future earnings, if any, for the operation and expansion of our business and do not anticipate declaring or paying any dividends in the foreseeable future. We have not paid any dividends in the past. Any future determination related to our dividend policy will be made at the discretion of our board of directors after considering our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, contractual requirements, business prospects and other factors the board of directors deem relevant, and subject to the restrictions contained in any future financing instruments.
Subject to the Nevada Revised Statutes and our bylaws, our board of directors may authorize and declare a dividend to shareholders at such time and of such an amount as they think fit if they are satisfied, on reasonable grounds, that immediately following the dividend the value of our assets will exceed our liabilities and we will be able to pay our debts as they become due. There is no further Nevada statutory restriction on the amount of funds which may be distributed by us by dividend.
Under the current practice of the Inland Revenue Department of Hong Kong, no tax is payable in Hong Kong in respect of dividends paid by us. The laws and regulations of the PRC do not currently have any material impact on transfers of cash from NVGT to EFLL or from EFLL to NVGT. There are no restrictions or limitation under the laws of Hong Kong imposed on the conversion of HK dollar into foreign currencies and the remittance of currencies out of Hong Kong or across borders and to U.S investors.
Current PRC regulations permit PRC subsidiaries to pay dividends to Hong Kong subsidiaries only out of their accumulated profits, if any, determined in accordance with Chinese accounting standards and regulations. In addition, each of our subsidiaries in China is required to set aside at least 10% of its after-tax profits each year, if any, to fund a statutory reserve until such reserve reaches 50% of its registered capital. Each of such entity in China is also required to further set aside a portion of its after-tax profits to fund the employee welfare fund, although the amount to be set aside, if any, is determined at the discretion of its board of directors. Although the statutory reserves can be used, among other ways, to increase the registered capital and eliminate future losses in excess of retained earnings of the respective companies, the reserve funds are not distributable as cash dividends except in the event of liquidation. As of the date of this prospectus, we do not have any PRC subsidiaries.
The PRC government also imposes controls on the conversion of RMB into foreign currencies and the remittance of currencies out of the PRC. Therefore, we may experience difficulties in completing the administrative procedures necessary to obtain and remit foreign currency for the payment of dividends from our profits, if any. Furthermore, if our subsidiaries in the PRC incur debt on their own in the future, the instruments governing the debt may restrict their ability to pay dividends or make other payments. If we or our subsidiaries are unable to receive all of the revenues from our operations, we may be unable to pay dividends on our common stock. As of the date of this prospectus, we do not have any PRC subsidiaries.
Cash dividends, if any, on our common stock will be paid in U.S. dollars. If we are considered a PRC tax resident enterprise for tax purposes, any dividends we pay to our overseas shareholders may be regarded as China-sourced income and as a result may be subject to PRC withholding tax at a rate of up to 10.0%.
Pursuant to the Arrangement between Mainland China and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and Tax Evasion on Income, or the Double Tax Avoidance Arrangement, the 10% withholding tax rate may be lowered to 5% if a Hong Kong resident enterprise owns no less than 25% of a PRC entity. However, the 5% withholding tax rate does not automatically apply and certain requirements must be satisfied, including, without limitation, that (a) the Hong Kong entity must be the beneficial owner of the relevant dividends; and (b) the Hong Kong entity must directly hold no less than 25% share ownership in the PRC entity during the 12 consecutive months preceding its receipt of the dividends. In current practice, a Hong Kong entity must obtain a tax resident certificate from the Hong Kong tax authority to apply for the 5% lower PRC withholding tax rate. As the Hong Kong tax authority will issue such a tax resident certificate on a case-by-case basis, we cannot assure you that we will be able to obtain the tax resident certificate from the relevant Hong Kong tax authority and enjoy the preferential withholding tax rate of 5% under the Double Taxation Arrangement with respect to dividends to be paid by a PRC subsidiary to its immediate holding company. As of the date of this prospectus, we do not have any PRC subsidiaries. In the event that we acquire or form a PRC subsidiary in the future and such PRC subsidiary desires to declare and pay dividends to our Hong Kong subsidiary, our Hong Kong subsidiary will be required to apply for the tax resident certificate from the relevant Hong Kong tax authority. In that case, we will update our investors by SEC filing of disclosure, e.g. a current report on Form 8-K, prior to such actions.
All our cash is paid directly to our Hong Kong company, EFLL. $0 has passed from EFLL to the parent company. EFLL has made no distributions to the holding company. There have been no transfers of cash between the holding company and the subsidiary.
The recent joint statement by the SEC and PCAOB, and the Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act all call for additional and more stringent criteria to be applied to emerging market companies upon assessing the qualification of their auditors, especially the non-U.S. auditors who are not inspected by the PCAOB. Trading in our securities may be prohibited under the Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act if the PCAOB determines that it cannot inspect or investigate completely our auditor, and that as a result, an exchange may determine to delist our securities. Our auditor is based in Hong Kong and is subject to PCAOB inspection. It is not subject to the determinations announced by the PCAOB on December 16, 2021. However, in the event the Chinese authorities subsequently take a position disallowing the PCAOB to inspect our auditor, then we would need to change our auditor to avoid having our securities delisted. Furthermore, due to the recent developments in connection with the implementation of the Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act, we cannot assure you whether the SEC or other regulatory authorities would apply additional and more stringent criteria to us after considering the effectiveness of our auditor’s audit procedures and quality control procedures, adequacy of personnel and training, or sufficiency of resources, geographic reach or experience as it relates to the audit of our financial statements. The requirement in the HFCA Act that the PCAOB be permitted to inspect the issuer’s public accounting firm within two or three years, may result in the delisting of our securities from applicable trading markets in the U.S, in the future if the PCAOB is unable to inspect our accounting firm at such future time. Please see
Risk Factors - The Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act requires the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) to be permitted to inspect the issuer's public accounting firm within three years. There are uncertainties under the PRC Securities Law relating to the procedures and requisite timing for the U.S. securities regulatory agencies to conduct investigations and collect evidence within the territory of the PRC. If the U.S. securities regulatory agencies are unable to conduct such investigations, they may suspend or de-register our registration with the SEC and delist our securities from applicable trading market within the US.
SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This following information specifies certain forward-looking statements of management of our Company. Forward-looking statements are statements that estimate the happening of future events and are not based on historical fact. Forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology, such as may, shall, could, expect, estimate, anticipate, predict, probable, possible, should, continue, or similar terms, variations of those terms, or the negative of those terms. The forward-looking statements specified in the following information have been compiled by our management on the basis of assumptions made by management and considered by management to be reasonable. Our future operating results, however, are impossible to predict and no representation, guaranty, or warranty is to be inferred from those forward-looking statements.
The assumptions used for purposes of the forward-looking statements specified in the following information represent estimates of future events and are subject to uncertainty as to possible changes in economic, legislative, industry, and other circumstances. As a result, the identification and interpretation of data and other information and their use in developing and selecting assumptions from and among reasonable alternatives require the exercise of judgment. To the extent that the assumed events do not occur, the outcome may vary substantially from anticipated or projected results, and, accordingly, no opinion is expressed on the achievability of those forward-looking statements.
The market data and other statistical information contained in this registration statement are based on internal Company estimates of our past experience in the industry, general market data, and public information which was not commissioned by us for this filing.
History of Our Company
We were initially incorporated as Kendrex Systems, Inc in Nevada. on February 23, 1987. Kendrex Systems, Inc. changed to HLHK World Group, Inc. on November 18, 1996. HLHK World Group, Inc. changed to Trimfast Group, Inc. in Nevada on September 4, 1998. On December 21, 1998, the Company completed a 1 for 10 reverse stock split. In 2001 the Company filed for protection under Chapter 7 of the United States Bankruptcy Code and ceased all activities. On October 21, 2002, the Company completed a 1 for 200 reverse stock split. During the period 2002 thru 2006, the Company was known as TrimFast Group, Inc. On November 9, 2004, the Company completed a 1 for 9 reverse stock split. On November 21, 2006, in conjunction with a one for 30 share reverse split of its’ common stock, the Company changed its’ name to EDollars, Inc. On September 18, 2007 the Company changed its’ name to Forex, Inc. and completed a one for 20 reverse stock split. On March 26, 2008, the Company changed its’ name to Petrogulf, Inc. On April 23, 2012, the Company acquired 100% of Neeksom, Inc., a Nevada Corporation. On November 26, 2013 the Company changed its name to Novagant, Inc. During 2014, the Company exited its business products business and returned the Neeksom, Inc. subsidiary to its prior owners. The Company previously elected to pursue selling financial products. Trimfast Group, Inc. changed to Edollars, Inc in Nevada on November, 2006. Edollars, Inc. changed to Forex, Inc. in June, 2007. Forex, Inc. changed to Petrogulf Corp. on March 26, 2008. Petrogulf Inc. changed to Novagant, Inc. on November 26, 2013. On January 1, 2014, the Company changed its symbol from PTRF to NVGT.
In 2015, the Company ceased operations and reporting. On December 9, 2019, in Case No. A-19-804454-B, Eight Judicial District Court, Clark County, Nevada, GrassRoots Advisory, LLC (“GrassRoots”) was granted custodianship of the Company. Please refer to the Exhibit 10.3.
On January 8, 2020, GrassRoots a
greed to assist
Alexander M. Woods-Leo
in acquiring control block of a custodian PubCo OTC: NVGT (Novagant Corp). Doug DiSanti Agrees to give 500,000 Preferred B. Shares to
Alexander M Woods-Leo
in exchange for the amount of $15,000 which was paid. The Preferred B shares will be Non-convertible and equal to 1,000 common votes per 1 Preferred share. A total of 500,000,000 common votes will be given to
Alexander M. Woods-Leo
GrassRoots sold the controlling interest in the Company to Alexander M. Woods-Leo.
As of April 21, 2021, Pacific Corporate Advisory Services Limited who represents, Mr. WeiQun Chen, purchased the Preferred B Control block from Mr. Alexander M. Woods-Leo. As per escrow agreement, Mr. Alexander M. Woods- Leo had submitted the proper stock power with respect to the change of control to escrow. On May 6, 2021, Mr. Alexander M. Woods-Leo resigned as an officer and director and appointed Mr. WeiQun Chen as Chairman, CEO and Director, Mr. HongZhen Xu as Secretary, Treasurer and Director, and Haiyan Zeng as a Director.
On September 21, 2021, the Company entered into a Share Exchange Agreement (the “Exchange Agreement”) with Ever Full Logistics Limited (“EFLL”),
registered and incorporated as a private limited liability company in Hong Kong,
and WeiQun Chen (“Chen”), the sole shareholder of EFLL. Upon the closing of the share exchange transaction contemplated under the Exchange Agreement, Chen transferred all of his share capital in EFLL to the Company in exchange for 300,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company, thus causing EFLL to become a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. The Company now operates all of its business through EFLL in Hong Kong only. Our corporate organizational chart is shown as below.
EFLL is a one-stop logistics service provider in Hong Kong, offering logistics services to meet the needs of our customers’ supply chains, which include transportation only. We are particularly specialized in Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) and Health Care Products. The scope of logistics services that we provide to each customer varies as different customers often require different kinds of
services. The Company’s management believes that technology input and service quality are always our core competence to success in the future. EFLL has continued to enhance its IT system to improve its operating efficiency and effectiveness. In the last quarter of 2020, EFLL upgraded its transportation management system (“TMS”) by adding a track and trace function. This TMS provides transparency of our logistic services. The customers can timely track and trace the status and records of the delivery of their goods. This is a chart that shows our corporate structure of EFLL, which is a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company Novagant Corp. and it also shows all directors and employees relates to the structure of EFLL.
> Ever Full Logistics Limited
Logistics companies are facing an era of unprecedented change as digitization takes hold and customer expectations evolve. New technologies are enabling greater efficiency and more collaborative operating models; they’re also re-shaping the marketplace in ways that are only just beginning to become apparent. New entrants, whether they be start-ups or the industry’s own customers and suppliers, are also shaking up the sector. According to the China Investment Corporation Report (CIC), the logistics industry in Hong Kong and the PRC is expected to grow with the gradual acceleration of China’s economic growth, and further penetration of logistics services into lower-tier cities. In addition, the manufacturing industry in China has been gradually adopting a more quality-focused approach and an increasing number of foreign manufacturers who are used to outsource their non-core operations such as logistics is expected to set branches in China. We do not have any plan to commence new business other than our existing logistics services business.
Our Service and Operation
We offer logistics services to meet the needs of our customers’ supply chains, which include transportation only. Our transportation includes Air Freight and Ocean Freight. To meet the different needs of our customers, EFLL has to provide a wide range of air freight services depending on the type of goods and the urgency of customers’ needs. Cargos can be consolidated or consigned as express packages on direct flights. Our worldwide-linked agency network allows us to keep our customers informed of their cargoes movement simultaneously, providing timely notice of arrival and early lodgement of customs entries for the earliest possible clearance and delivery of the goods to the customers. The charging basis for the air freight is based on the weight (i.e. kilograms) of the goods to be delivered.
Another core business is Ocean sea-freight forwarding, and as a Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier (“NVOCC”), we handled consignment of any size. Whether Full Container Load or Loose Cargo Load, our customers are assured of expert handling from professionals with many years of hands-on experience. We load all our customers’ containers to the destinations we serve. Once the booking is made, we see it all way through. From collecting at your premises or at the port, loading into the container and de-vanning at destination. All orders are handled by us and our own agents. The charging basis for the ocean freight is based on the cubic metres of the goods to be delivered. As a whole, we use the existing manpower, i.e. the 13 part-time employees, will be acting as the agents handling different customers and line-up the overseas agents.
We currently operate with a fleet of 5 vehicles to provide transportation services, but we do not own any of them. The charging basis for those vehicles is based on the fleet utilization of goods or services to be delivered.
Our Supply Chain and Customer Base
We serve customers from various industries, mainly including pharmaceutical, FMCG, packaging, health care, health beauty and other industries. Most of our major customers are multi-national companies which require our logistics services to meet the needs of their supply chains. All of our five largest customers are independent third parties, and none of them were also our suppliers. The major charging basis for the transportation services is based on the weight (i.e. kilograms) of goods delivered. The charging basis for the ocean freight is based on the cubic metres of the goods to be delivered. Our Director considers that our different charging bases are in line with industry norm. We enter into master service agreements with our customers in relation to our services rendered including transportation and logistics services. These agreements are generally for a term of one to two years. It is our business strategy and commercial decision not to enter into service agreements with our customers for a term longer than three years, unless our customers insist, so that we can preserve the flexibility in negotiating and adjusting our service fees, and maintain our profit margin in view of fluctuations in fuel prices, labor cost and operation costs from time to time.
Leading logistics service providers in Hong Kong are mainly large-scale state-owned enterprises, which generally have more assets, resources and business connections to secure global servicing contracts with multi-national companies. They tend to provide a comprehensive range of services from freight forwarding, supply chain management solutions, customs clearance, freight tracking and monitoring, to distribution solutions. Our Director believes that EFLL primarily competes with the competitors based on our ability to provide comprehensive, flexible and reliable logistics services to our customers, quality of services (including reliability, responsiveness, expertise and convenience) provided and price.
Our primary competitors are
Kerry Logistics Network Ltd.
VHK Logistics (HK) Ltd.
, and Yusen Logistics (Hong Kong) Limited. The following is a description of each competitor.
Kerry Logistics Network Ltd.
Kerry Logistics Network Ltd. is a listed company engaged in third party logistics, freight services, warehouse operations, and supply chain solutions. It was listed on 19 December 2013, raising over US$280 million,
as a spin-off of Kerry Properties Limited. It is headquartered in Kwai Chung, Hong Kong.
As of 2020, they managed 74 million square feet (6,900,000 m
) of logistics facilities globally (24 million square feet [2,200,000 m
] of which is self-owned), with a fleet of 10,000+ self-owned vehicles operating in 59 countries and territories.
VHK Logistics (HK) Ltd.
VHK Logistics (HK) Ltd.
headquartered in Hong Kong and with an office in Guangzhou, they have been going the distance for their clients since 1990. Their beginnings as a family business continue to shape their service, and they work with businesses and organizations of all sizes to deliver quality international freight forwarding that puts their clients at the heart of what they do.
For import, export, or offshore shipments, their comprehensive operation spans ocean and air freight, cargo solutions, trucking services, bonded warehousing, and specialized wine logistics. They pride themselves on their flexible, cost-effective, seamless, and reliable approach.
Yusen Logistics (Hong Kong) Limited:
Founded in 1970s, Yusen Logistics (Hong Kong) has a highly experienced and professional team which offers full range of logistics, transportation services and supply chain solutions to their customers. The NYK Group unified Orient Consolidation Service (Hong Kong) Limited and New Wave Logistics (Hong Kong) Limited to form NYK Logistics (Hong Kong) Limited in 2004. In order to further strengthen its logistics business segment, NYK Group integrated NYK Logistics with Yusen Air & Sea Service (another affiliated company) to form Yusen Logistics (Hong Kong) Limited in 2011.
Our Competitive Advantages
We believe that the following characteristics of our system provide us with a competitive advantage:
We are attempting to establish a reputation in the logistics industry in Hong Kong to provide a broad range of flexible and quality logistics services to meet the needs of our customers’ supply chains. EFLL is a logistics service provider in Hong Kong with over 10 years of operation in the logistics industry. In order to provide superior logistics services to customers, we, based on our experience, industry knowledge and understanding of the market, provide a broad range of logistics services for our customers with a view to ensuring accurate movement and delivery for our customers.
In addition, prior to the provision of logistics services, we will discuss with our customers in relation to their delivery plan, which specifies the points of delivery and the delivery schedule; their other logistics plans, if any. Such information will be transmitted into our intelligent logistics management system for the advanced planning of the supply chain process and to ensure efficient flow of services. We believe our ability to plan logistics solutions in advance not only allows us to provide our customers with flexible logistics services, but also, in the long run, enhances our collaborations and relationship with our customers.
Our Growth Strategies
EFLL’s principal objectives are to sustain the continuous growth of our business and maintain our competitive advantages to strengthen our position as a logistics service provider in Hong Kong. To achieve this, we intend to focus on the following strategies:
Our growth strategies are centered on customer experience, technological capabilities and operational efficiency. We believe customer experience is the bedrock of our potential success, as we can only solidify our services by achieving customer satisfaction.
Our technological capabilities are the tools we utilize to drive the continuous improvements in our solutions and services, which ultimately leads to higher operational efficiency for ourselves and our customers. In order to increase our operational efficiency, we may enhance our customers’ supply chain efficiency by expanding the breadth and depth of our solutions and services; further invest in supply chain technologies to drive sustainable growth; continue to improve our operational efficiency through strengthening our logistics network and expand internationally to achieve global footprint.
Expanding our vehicle fleet to enhance our transportation services and save our operating costs in the long run. To capture the new business opportunities and the anticipated growth in the orders for our transportation services, it is imperative for us to strengthen our competitiveness by expanding our vehicle fleet.
We consider maintaining active business relationships with our existing and potential customers in the logistics industry to be important for EFLL to explore new and potential business opportunities. Currently, our new customers are mainly (i) referred from our existing customers; and (ii) walk-in customers who engaged us to provide logistics services due to our reputation and track record. The marketing activities of EFLL are mainly conducted by our Director and senior management. In order to further diversify and expand our customer base and capture additional business opportunities, we plan to enhance our sales and marketing efforts by setting up a separate department, initially consisting of approximately seven sales specialists solely for sales and marketing purposes. We target to actively contact potential companies which may require logistics services in order to explore potential business opportunities. In addition, we plan to launch marketing and promotional campaigns to enhance our exposure to more potential customers.
EFLL maintains insurance policies against loss or damage to its properties, trucks, employees and business interruption. Apart from those specifically provided in the contract with our customers, and in the absence of any negligence or willful act on the part of EFLL, EFLL will not be liable for the loss or damage to the customers’ goods which are delivered by EFLL arising from fire or accidents.
Nevertheless, EFLL has maintained insurance policies against such loss or damage. Our Director believes that the insurance coverage taken out by us is in line with industry norms in Hong Kong and is adequate and sufficient for our operations. Our Director has confirmed that we were not subject to any material insurance claims or liabilities arising from our operations.
Licenses and Permits
Taking into accounts the views of Hong Kong and the PRC Legal Advisers, our Director confirmed that EFLL have obtained all necessary licenses, approvals and permits that are material to our business, all of which are valid and current, and we have been in compliance in all material respects with the applicable laws and regulations in Hong Kong.
Our business is located in Hong Kong and is subject to the laws and regulations of Hong Kong governing businesses concerning, in particular labor, occupational safety and health, contracts, tort and intellectual property. Furthermore, we need to comply with the rules and regulations of Hong Kong governing the data usage and regular terms of service applicable to our potential customers or clients. As the information of our potential customers or clients is preserved in Hong Kong, we need to comply with the Hong Kong Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.
If PRC authorities reinterpret PRC laws to apply to Hong Kong companies, we may become subject to the laws and regulations of China governing businesses in general, including labor, occupational safety and health, contracts, tort and intellectual property. We may also become subject to foreign exchange regulations might limit our ability to convert foreign currency into Renminbi or Hong Kong Dollars, acquire any other PRC companies, establish VIEs in the PRC, or make dividend payments from any future WFOEs to us.
Business Registration Ordinance
Every person, (a company or individual), who carries on a business in Hong Kong is required under the Business Registration Ordinance (Chapter 310 of the Laws of Hong Kong) to apply for a business registration certificate from the Inland Revenue Department within one month from the date of commencement of the business, and to display a valid business registration certificate at the place of business. Business registration does not serve to regulate business activities and it is not a license to trade. Business registration serves to notify the Inland Revenue Department of the establishment of a business in Hong Kong. Business registration certificate will be issued on submission of the necessary document(s) together with payment of the relevant fee. A business registration certificate is renewable every year or every three years (if business operators elect for issuance of business registration certificate that is valid for three years). Any person who fails to apply for business registration shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable to a fine of HK$5,000 and to imprisonment for one year.
The Employment Ordinance
The Employment Ordinance is the main piece of legislation governing conditions of employment in Hong Kong since 1968. It covers a comprehensive range of employment protection and benefits for employees, including Wage Protection, Rest Days, Holidays with Pay, Paid Annual Leave, Sickness Allowance, Maternity Protection, Statutory Paternity Leave, Severance Payment, Long Service Payment, Employment Protection, Termination of Employment Contract, Protection Against Anti-Union Discrimination. In addition, every employer must take out employees’ compensation insurance to protect the claims made by employees in respect of accidents occurred during the course of their employment.
An employer must also comply with all legal obligations under the Mandatory Provident Fund Schemes Ordinance, (CAP485). These include enrolling all qualifying employees in MPF schemes and making MPF contributions for them. Except for exempt persons, employer should enroll both full-time and part-time employees who are at least 18 but under 65 years of age in an MPF scheme within the first 60 days of employment. The 60-day employment rule does not apply to casual employees in the construction and catering industries. Pursuant to the said Ordinance, we are required to make MPF contributions for our Hong Kong employees once every contribution period (generally the wage period within 1 month). Employers and employees are each required to make regular mandatory contributions of 5% of the employee’s relevant income to an MPF scheme, subject to the minimum and maximum relevant income levels. For a monthly-paid employee, the minimum and maximum relevant income levels are $1,547 and $3,846, respectively.
Import and Export (Registration) Regulations
Regulation 4 of the Import and Export (Registration) Regulations (Chapter 60E of the Laws of Hong Kong) (“IER”) provides that every person who imports any article other than an exempted article shall lodge an accurate and complete import declaration with the Commissioner of Customs and Excise within 14 days after the importation of the article. Any person who fails to declare within 14 days after the importation without reasonable excuse is liable to a fine of HK$1,000 upon summary conviction and a daily fine of HK$100. The IER also provides that any person knowingly or recklessly lodges any declaration that is inaccurate in any material particular shall
be liable. Textiles, which include any natural or artificial fibre products and any combination of natural and artificial fibre as defined under the IER, are currently not a “prohibited article” under the provision of the Import and Export Ordinance and its subsidiary legislations. Thus, a license issued by the Director-General of Trade and Industry for permission of importation and exportation is not necessary under the Import and Export Ordinance. However, we can apply for registration under the Import and Export (General) Regulations as a registered textiles trader under the textiles trader registration scheme (“TTRS”). TTRS is a voluntary registration scheme and is not a mandatory requirement for us to conduct our business. The Import and Export (Registration) Regulations (Chapter 60E of the Laws of Hong Kong), a subsidiary legislation of the Import and Export Ordinance, provides that when importing or exporting any articles into or out of Hong Kong, the importer or exporter must lodge an accurate and complete import or export declaration with the Customs and Excise Department.
Inland Revenue Ordinance
As EFLL carry out business in Hong Kong, we are subject to the profits tax regime under the (Chapter 112 of the Laws of Hong Kong) (“IRO”). The IRO is an ordinance for the purposes of imposing taxes on property, earnings and profits in Hong Kong. The IRO provides, among others, that persons, which include corporations, partnerships, trustees and bodies of person, carrying on any trade, profession or business in Hong Kong are chargeable to tax on all profits (excluding profits from the sale of capital assets) arising in or derived from Hong Kong from such trade, profession or business. As at the Latest Practicable Date, the standard profits tax rate for corporations was at 8.25% on assessable profits up to HK$2,000,000; and 16.5% on any part of assessable profits over HK$2,000,000. The IRO also contains provisions relating to, among others, permissible deductions for outgoings and expenses, set-offs for losses and allowances for depreciation.
Recently, China has increased scrutiny and oversight of PRC companies seeking foreign investment or to list their securities overseas. The PRC has also been deepening their reach influence on Hong Kong to more closely align Hong Kong with the policies and governance of the PRC. Depending upon the political climate, we may also in the future become subject to the laws and regulations of China governing businesses in general, including labor, occupational safety and health, contracts, tort and intellectual property. We may also become subject to foreign exchange regulations might limit our ability to convert foreign currency into Renminbi or acquire PRC companies.
Regulations on Tax
PRC Corporate Income Tax
The PRC corporate income tax, or CIT, is calculated based on the taxable income determined under the applicable CIT Law and its implementation rules, which became effective on January 1, 2008 and amended on February 24, 2017 and December 29, 2018 respectively. The CIT Law imposes a uniform corporate income tax rate of 25% on all resident enterprises in China, including foreign-invested enterprises.
Uncertainties exist with respect to how the CIT Law applies to the tax residence status of the Company and our offshore subsidiaries. Under the CIT Law, an enterprise established outside of China with a “de facto management
The above information was disclosed in a filing to the SEC. To see the filing, click here.
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Other recent filings from the company include the following:
Annual report [Section 13 and 15(d), not S-K Item 405] - Sept. 2, 2022