Columbia Financial, Inc. Announces Financial Results

The following excerpt is from the company's SEC filing.
for the Second Quarter Ended June 30, 2022
Fair Lawn, New Jersey
(July 27, 2022): Columbia Financial, Inc. (the “Company”) (NASDAQ: CLBK), the mid-tier holding company for Columbia Bank ("Columbia") and Freehold Bank ("Freehold"), reported net income of $23.0 million, or $0.22 per basic and diluted share, for the quarter ended June 30, 2022, as compared to net income of $26.7 million, or $0.26 per basic and diluted share, for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, partially due to the quarter ended June 30, 2021 including a $7.7 million gain on the sale of commercial business loans granted as part of the Small Busin ess Administration Paycheck Protection Program ("PPP"), in addition to recording $1.3 million in merger expenses and $1.8 million in provision for credit losses on the loans acquired from the RSI Bank acquisition during the quarter ended June 30, 2022. Earnings for the quarter ended June 30, 2022 reflected a higher provision for credit losses, lower non-interest income and lower non-interest expense, partially offset by higher net interest income and higher income tax expense.
For the six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company reported net income of $43.4 million, or $0.41 per basic and diluted share, as compared to net income of $47.7 million, or $0.45 per basic and diluted share, for the six months ended June 30, 2021. Earnings for the six months ended June 30, 2022 reflected a higher provision for credit losses, lower non-interest income and lower non-interest expense, partially offset by higher net interest income and lower income tax expense.
Mr. Thomas J. Kemly, President and Chief Executive Officer commented: “On May 1, 2022, we successfully completed our acquisition of RSI Bank, which expanded our franchise into new markets within New Jersey, contributed substantially to our asset growth, and increased our fully converted tangible book value. We’re proud of having RSI Bank’s employees and customers join us and are excited about the future growth of our combined institution. We’re pleased with our second quarter results, as our interest rate spread and net interest margins continue to expand, and look forward to further success as we remain focused on our strategic initiatives.”
Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2022 and June 30, 2021
Net income of $23.0 million was recorded for the quarter ended June 30, 2022, a decrease of $3.7 million, or 14.0%, compared to net income of $26.7 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, partially due to the quarter ended June 30, 2021 including a $7.7 million gain on the sale of commercial business loans granted as part of the Small Business Administration PPP, in addition to recording $1.3 million in merger expenses and $1.8 million in provision for credit losses on the loans acquired from the RSI Bank acquisition during the quarter ended June 30, 2022. The decrease in net income was primarily attributable to a $3.3 million increase in provision for credit losses, a $6.7 million decrease in non-interest income, and a $4.1 million increase in non-interest expense, partially offset by a $8.4 million increase in net interest income and a $2.0 million decrease in income tax expense.
Net interest income was $66.5 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2022, an increase of $8.4 million, or 14.5%, from $58.1 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2021. The increase in net interest income was primarily attributable to a $3.2 million decrease in interest expense on deposits and borrowings, coupled with a $5.2 million increase in interest income. The decrease in interest expense on deposits was driven by an increase in lower costing demand deposits and the repricing of existing deposits at reduced rates as a result of the sustained lower interest rate environment until March 2022, when the Federal Reserve announced a 25 basis point increase in the federal funds rate. The subsequent 50 basis point increase in interest rates in May 2022 and the 75 basis point increase in interest rates in June 2022, did not significantly impact second quarter interest expense on deposits, as the repricing on deposit products lags in relation to increases in market interest rates. The increase in interest income for the quarter ended June 30, 2022 was due to an increase in the average balance of interest-earning assets coupled with the impact of the rise in interest rates during the quarter ended June 30, 2022. Prepayment penalties, which are included in interest income on loans, totaled $1.5 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2022, compared to $1.1 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2021.
The average yield on loans for the quarter ended June 30, 2022 decreased 4 basis points to 3.68%, as compared to 3.72% for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, but increased 6 basis points since March 31, 2022, as interest income grew due to rising interest
rates and loan growth. The average yield on securities for the quarter ended June 30, 2022 increased 21 basis points to 2.14%, as compared to 1.93% for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, as $88.4 million of higher yielding securities were purchased, and a number of adjustable rate securities tied to various indexes repriced higher during the quarter. The average yield on other interest-earning assets for the quarter ended June 30, 2022 increased 69 basis points to 1.93%, as compared to 1.24% for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, as the average cash balances in lower yielding bank accounts decreased for the quarter ended June 30, 2022.
Total interest expense was $6.6 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2022, a decrease of $3.2 million, or 33.0%, from $9.8 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2021. The decrease in interest expense was primarily attributable to a 26 basis point decrease in the average cost of interest-bearing deposits which was partially offset by the impact of the increase in the average balance of deposits. The decrease in interest expense on deposits was driven by an increase in lower costing demand deposits and the repricing of existing deposits at reduced rates as a result of the sustained lower interest rate environment as described above. Interest on borrowings decreased $46,000, or 2.4%, due to a decrease in the average balance of borrowings, partially offset by an increase in the cost of these borrowings.
The Company's net interest margin for the quarter ended June 30, 2022 increased 24 basis points to 3.01%, when compared to 2.77% for the quarter ended June 30, 2021. The weighted average yield on interest-earning assets increased 7 basis points to 3.31% for the quarter ended June 30, 2022 as compared to 3.24% for the quarter ended June 30, 2021. The average cost of interest-bearing liabilities decreased 22 basis points to 0.40% for the quarter ended June 30, 2022 as compared to 0.62% for the quarter ended June 30, 2021. The increase in yields for the quarter ended June 30, 2022, were due to the impact of the rise in interest rates during the quarter, while the decrease in costs were largely driven by the sustained lower interest rate environment until rates began to rise in March 2022. The net interest margin increased for the quarter ended June 30, 2022, as the repricing of interest-bearing liabilities lags in relation to the repricing of yields on interest-earning assets in a rising rate environment.
The provision for credit losses for the quarter ended June 30, 2022 was $1.5 million, an increase of $3.3 million, from a reversal of provision for loan loss expense of $1.8 million recorded for the quarter ended June 30, 2021. The increase in provision for credit losses during the quarter was primarily attributable to an increase in the balances of loans, including $1.8 million in provision for credit losses recorded on the loans acquired from RSI Bank, and the consideration of economic conditions.
Non-interest income was $7.7 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2022, a decrease of $6.7 million, or 46.7%, from $14.4 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2021. The decrease was primarily attributable to a decrease in income from the gain on the sale of loans of $8.5 million, and a decrease in income from title insurance fees of $468,000, partially offset by an increase in demand deposit fees of $591,000, an increase in BOLI income of $642,000 due to a death benefit claim, and an increase in the fair value of equity securities of $631,000. The quarter ended June 30, 2021 included a $7.7 million gain on the sale of commercial business loans granted as part of the Small Business Administration PPP.
Non-interest expense was $41.7 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2022, an increase of $4.1 million, or 10.9%, from $37.6 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2021. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase in compensation and employee benefits expense of $5.3 million and an increase in merger-related expenses of $1.3 million. The increase in compensation and employee benefits expense was due to an increase in staff levels and related personnel benefit costs, mainly due the acquisitions of Freehold Bank in December 2021 and RSI Bank in May 2022. The increase in merger-related expenses was related to the acquisition of RSI Bank. Other non-interest expense for the quarter ended June 30, 2022 included an increase in the credit for net periodic benefit cost of $2.1 million and a reversal of the provision for credit losses for unfunded commitments of $488,000.
Income tax expense was $8.0 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2022, a decrease of $2.0 million, as compared to $9.9 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2021, mainly due to a decrease in pre-tax income, and to a lesser extent, a decrease in the Company's effective tax rate. The Company's effective tax rate was 25.7% and 27.1% for the quarters ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Results of Operations for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 and June 30, 2021
Net income of $43.4 million was recorded for the six months ended June 30, 2022, a decrease of $4.4 million, or 9.2%, compared to net income of $47.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The decrease in net income was primarily attributable to a $6.0 million increase in provision for credit losses, an $8.3 million decrease in non-interest income, and a $7.2 million increase in non-interest expense, partially offset by a $14.4 million increase in net interest income and a $2.7 million decrease in income tax expense.
Net interest income was $129.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022, an increase of $14.4 million, or 12.6%, from $114.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The increase in net interest income was primarily attributable to a $8.1 million decrease in interest expense, resulting from a decrease in interest expense on deposits and borrowings, coupled with a $6.3 million increase in interest income. The decrease in interest expense on deposits was driven by an increase in lower costing demand deposits and the repricing of existing deposits at reduced rates as a result of the sustained lower interest rate environment until March 2022, when the Federal Reserve announced a 25 basis point increase in the federal funds rate. The subsequent 50 basis point increase in interest rates in May 2022 and the 75 basis point increase in interest rates in June 2022, did not significantly impact interest expense on deposits, as the repricing on deposit products lags in relation to increases in market interest rates. The increase in interest income for the six months ended June 30, 2022 was due to an increase in the average balance of interest-earning assets coupled with the impact of the rise in interest rates during 2022. Prepayment penalties, which are included in interest income on loans, totaled $2.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022, compared to $2.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021.
The average yield on loans for the six months ended June 30, 2022 decreased 14 basis points to 3.65%, as compared to 3.79% for the six months ended June 30, 2021, but increased 3 basis points since March 31, 2022, as interest income grew due to rising interest rates and loan growth. The average yield on securities for the six months ended June 30, 2022 increased 19 basis points to 2.17%, as compared to 1.98% for the six months ended June 30, 2021, as $135.8 million of higher yielding securities were purchased, and a number of adjustable rate securities tied to various indexes repriced higher during the period. The average yield on other interest-earning assets for the six months ended June 30, 2022 increased 151 basis points to 2.33%, as compared to 0.82% for the six months ended June 30, 2021, as the average cash balances in lower yielding bank accounts decreased during the six months ended June 30, 2022.
Total interest expense was $12.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022, a decrease of $8.1 million, or 39.2%, from $20.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The decrease in interest expense was primarily attributable to a 30 basis point decrease in the average cost of interest-bearing deposits which was partially offset by the impact of the increase in the average balance of deposits. The decrease in interest expense on deposits was driven by an increase in lower costing demand deposits and the repricing of existing deposits at reduced rates as a result of the sustained lower interest rate environment as described above. Interest on borrowings decreased $746,000, or 18.8%, due to a decrease in the average balance of borrowings, partially offset by an increase in cost of borrowings.
The Company's net interest margin for the six months ended June 30, 2022 increased 21 basis points to 3.00%, when compared to 2.79% for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The weighted average yield on interest-earning assets remained consistent at 3.29% for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021. The average cost of interest-bearing liabilities decreased 28 basis points to 0.39% for the six months ended June 30, 2022 as compared to 0.67% for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The decrease in costs for the six months ended June 30, 2022 were largely driven by the sustained lower interest rate environment until rates began to rise in March 2022. The net interest margin increased for the six months ended June 30, 2022 as the cost of interest-bearing liabilities continued to reprice lower, while the total yield on interest-earning assets remained constant. The net interest margin increased for the six months ended June 30, 2022, as the repricing of interest-bearing liabilities lags in relation to the repricing of yields on interest-earning assets in a rising rate environment.
On January 1, 2022, the Company adopted ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326), also known as the Current Expected Credit Loss ("CECL") standard. CECL requires the measurement of all expected credit losses over the life of financial instruments held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. In connection with the adoption of CECL, the Company recognized a cumulative effect adjustment that
increased stockholders' equity by $6.2 million, net of tax. At adoption and on a gross basis, the Company decreased its allowance for credit losses ("ACL") by $16.8 million for loans, increased its ACL for unfunded commitments, included in other liabilities, by $7.7 million, and established an ACL for debt securities available for sale of $490,000. The provision for credit losses for the six months ended June 30, 2022 was $3.0 million, an increase of $6.0 million, from a reversal of provision for loan loss of $3.0 million recorded for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The increase in provision for credit losses during the six months ended June 30, 2022 was primarily attributable to an increase in the balances of loans and the consideration of economic conditions.
Non-interest income was $14.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022, a decrease of $8.3 million, or 36.0%, from $23.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The decrease was primarily attributable to a decrease in income from the gain on the sale of loans of $10.6 million and a decrease in income from title insurance fees of $1.1 million, partially offset by an increase in the change in fair value of equity securities of $1.3 million and an increase in demand deposit fees of $923,000. The six months ended June 30, 2021 included a $7.7 million gain on the sale of commercial business loans granted as part of the Small Business Administration PPP.
Non-interest expense was $82.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022, an increase of $7.2 million, or 9.5%, from $75.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase in compensation and employee benefits expense of $7.9 million and an increase in merger-related expenses of $1.4 million. The increase in compensation and employee benefits expense was due to an increase in staff levels and related personnel benefit costs, mainly due the acquisitions of Freehold Bank in December 2021 and RSI Bank in May 2022. There was an increase of 110 full time equivalent employees from June 30, 2021 compared to June 30, 2022. The increase in merger-related expenses was related to the acquisition of RSI Bank.
Income tax expense was $15.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2022, a decrease of $2.7 million, as compared to $17.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, mainly due to a decrease in pre-tax income, and to a lesser extent, a decrease in the Company's effective tax rate. The Company's effective tax rate was 25.8% and 27.2% for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Balance Sheet Summary
Total assets increased $526.1 million, or 5.7%, to $9.8 billion at June 30, 2022 from $9.2 billion at December 31, 2021. The increase in total assets was primarily attributable to an increase in cash and cash equivalents of $38.2 million, an increase in loans receivable, net of $634.3 million, an increase in bank-owned life insurance of $14.1 million, an increase in goodwill and intangibles of $37.4 million, and an increase in other assets of $11.2 million, partially offset by a decrease in debt securities available for sale of $214.5 million.
Cash and cash equivalents increased $38.2 million, or 53.8%, to $109.2 million at June 30, 2022 from $71.0 million at December 31, 2021. The increase was primarily attributable to $140.8 million in cash and cash equivalents acquired in the RSI Bank acquisition, repayments on loans and mortgage-backed securities, and proceeds from the sale $126.8 million of debt securities available for sale, partially offset by $135.8 million in purchases of debt securities available for sale, and $53.2 million in repurchases of common stock under our stock repurchase program.
Debt securities available for sale decreased $214.5 million, or 12.6%, to $1.5 billion at June 30, 2022 from $1.7 billion at December 31, 2021. The decrease was attributable to repayments on securities of $169.2 million, sales of securities of $126.8 million, and a decrease in the gross unrealized gain (loss) of $132.2 million, predominately due to rising interest rates, partially offset by purchases of securities of $135.8 million, primarily consisting of U.S government and agency obligations and mortgage-backed securities and $79.0 million of debt securities available for sale acquired due to the RSI Bank acquisition.
Loans receivable, net, increased $634.3 million, or 10.1%, to $6.9 billion at June 30, 2022 from $6.3 billion at December 31, 2021. One-to-four family real estate loans, multi-family real estate loans, commercial real estate loans, commercial business loans, and home equity loans and advances increased $419.4 million, $36.4 million, $136.4 million, $21.9 million, and $5.0 million, respectively, partially offset by a decrease in construction loans of $18.3 million. The Company acquired $335.5 million in loans from the RSI Bank acquisition during the second quarter of 2022. The allowance for credit losses for loans
decreased $12.1 million to $50.6 million at June 30, 2022 from $62.7 million at December 31, 2021. A $16.8 million decrease in the allowance for credit losses for loans was recorded on January 1, 2022 upon adoption of the CECL standard. During the six months ended June 30, 2022, the allowance for credit losses increased $3.0 million, primarily due to an increase in the outstanding balance of loans, including $1.9 million in allowance for credit losses recorded on the loans acquired from RSI Bank. The June 30, 2022 methodology and impact of loss rates and qualitative factors remained consistent with those established upon initial adoption of the CECL standard.
Bank-owned life insurance increased $14.1 million, or 5.7%, to $261.6 million at June 30, 2022 from $247.5 million at December 31, 2021. The increase was mainly attributable to bank-owned life insurance of $13.0 million acquired due to the RSI Bank acquisition.
Goodwill and intangibles increased $37.4 million, or 40.8%, to $129.1 million at June 30, 2022 from $91.7 million at December 31, 2021. The increase consisted of $28.0 million in goodwill and $10.3 million in core deposit intangibles recorded due to the RSI Bank acquisition.
Other assets increased $11.2 million, or 4.5%, to $260.8 million at June 30, 2022 from $249.6 million at December 31, 2021. The increase in other assets consisted of an increase of $30.5 million in net deferred tax assets, an increase of $5.2 million in a low income housing tax credit asset and an increase of $7.1 million in accounts receivable related to an unsettled investment security sold, partially offset by a decrease of $17.2 million in interest rate swap assets, and a decrease of $18.6 million in the Company's pension plan balance.
Total liabilities increased $530.9 million, or 6.5%, to $8.7 billion at June 30, 2022 from $8.1 billion at December 31, 2021. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase in total deposits of $462.8 million, or 6.1%, an increase in borrowings of $42.7 million, or 11.3%, and an increase in accrued expenses and other liabilities of $16.0 million, or 9.9%. The increase in total deposits primarily consisted of increases in non-interest bearing demand deposits, interest-bearing demand deposits, money market accounts, savings and club deposits, and certificates of deposit of $76.0 million, $107.0 million, $54.8 million, $162.1 million, and $62.9 million respectively. These increases included $502.7 million in deposits assumed in connection with the RSI Bank acquisition. The increase in borrowings was primarily driven by a $20.0 million increase in FHLB overnight borrowings and a $22.8 million increase in FHLB term advances, of which $5.8 million were acquired due to the RSI Bank acquisition. The increase in accrued expenses and other liabilities primarily consisted of $10.6 million in accrued expenses and other liabilities related to the RSI Bank acquisition, a $5.2 million increase in a low income housing tax credit liability, a $4.4 million increase in outstanding checks, and a $7.8 million increase in allowance for credit losses for unfunded commitments, partially offset by a $6.4 million decrease in interest rate swap liabilities and a $6.3 million decrease in accrued incentive compensation. Upon the initial adoption of the CECL standard on January 1, 2022, an allowance for credit losses for unfunded commitments of $7.7 million was recorded.
Total stockholders’ equity decreased $4.8 million, or 0.4%, with a balance of $1.1 billion at both June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021. The decrease in equity was primarily attributable to an increase of $109.9 million in unrealized losses on debt securities available for sale and interest rate swap contracts, net of taxes, included in other comprehensive income, and the repurchase of 2,546,667 shares of common stock totaling $53.2 million, or $20.88 per share, under our stock repurchase program, partially offset by net income of $43.4 million and an increase in paid in capital of $102.7 million due to the issuance of 6,086,314 shares of Company common stock to Columbia Bank MHC in connection with the RSI acquisition.
Asset Quality
The Company's non-performing loans at June 30, 2022 totaled $4.5 million, or 0.07% of total gross loans, as compared to $3.9 million, or 0.06% of total gross loans, at December 31, 2021. The $586,000 increase in non-performing loans was primarily attributable to an increase of $1.3 million in non-performing one-to-four family loans, partially offset by decreases of $442,000 and $275,000, respectively, in non-performing commercial business loans and commercial real estate loans. The increase in non-performing one-to-four family loans was due to an increase in the number of loans from seven non-performing loans at December 31, 2021 to 13 loans at June 30, 2022. The decrease in non-performing commercial business loans was due to a decrease in the number of loans from six non-performing loans at December 31, 2021 to two non-performing loans at June 30,
2022. There was one non-performing commercial real estate loan at both June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021. Non-performing assets as a percentage of total assets totaled 0.05% at June 30, 2022 as compared to 0.04% at December 31, 2021.
For the quarter ended June 30, 2022, net recoveries totaled $105,000, as compared to $245,000 in net charge-offs for the quarter ended June 30, 2021. For the six months ended June 30, 2022, net recoveries totaled $216,000, as compared to $1.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021.
The Company's allowance for credit losses on loans was $50.6 million, or 0.73% of total gross loans, at June 30, 2022, compared to $62.7 million, or 0.99% of total gross loans, at December 31, 2021. The decrease in the allowance for credit losses for loans was primarily attributable to the impact of the initial adoption of the CECL standard on January 1, 2022, which resulted in a decrease to allowance for credit losses on loans of $16.8 million, partially offset by an increase in provision for credit losses of $3.0 million recorded during the six months ended June 30, 2022, due to an increase in the balance of loans and consideration of economic conditions.
About Columbia Financial, Inc.
The consolidated financial results include the accounts of Columbia Financial, Inc., its wholly-owned subsidiaries Columbia Bank and Freehold Bank, and their wholly-owned subsidiaries. Columbia Financial, Inc. is a Delaware corporation organized as Columbia Bank's mid-tier stock holding company. Columbia Financial, Inc. is a majority-owned subsidiary of Columbia Bank, MHC. Columbia Bank is a federally chartered savings bank headquartered in Fair Lawn, New Jersey that operates 66 full-service banking offices. Freehold Bank is a federally chartered savings bank headquartered in Freehold, New Jersey that operates 2 full-service banking offices. Both Banks offer traditional financial services to consumers and businesses in their market areas.
Forward Looking Statements
Certain statements herein constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Exchange Act and are intended to be covered by the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements may be identified by words such as “believes,” “will,” “would,” “expects,” “projects,” “may,” “could,” “developments,” “strategic,” “launching,” “opportunities,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “intends,” “plans,” “targets” and similar expressions. These statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of the Company’s management and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements as a result of numerous factors. Factors that could cause such differences to exist include, but are not limited to, adverse conditions in the capital and debt markets and the impact of such conditions on the Company’s business activities; changes in interest rates, higher inflation and their impact on national and local economic conditions; changes in monetary and fiscal policies of the U.S. Treasury, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and other governmental entities; competitive pressures from other financial institutions; the effects of general economic conditions on a national basis or in the local markets in which the Company operates, including changes that adversely affect a borrowers’ ability to service and repay the Company’s loans; the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic, including on our credit quality and business operations, as well as its impact on general economic and financial market conditions; changes in the value of securities in the Company’s portfolio; changes in loan default and charge-off rates; fluctuations in real estate values; the adequacy of loan loss reserves; decreases in deposit levels necessitating increased borrowing to fund loans and securities; legislative changes and changes in government regulation; changes in accounting standards and practices; the risk that goodwill and intangibles recorded in the Company’s consolidated financial statements will become impaired; demand for loans in the Company’s market area; the Company’s ability to attract and maintain deposits; risks related to the implementation of acquisitions, dispositions, and restructurings; the risk that the Company may not be successful in the implementation of its business strategy, or its integration of acquired financial institutions and businesses, and changes in assumptions used in making such forward-looking statements which are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, including but not limited to, those set forth in Item 1A of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K and those set forth in the Company's Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K, all as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), which are available at the SEC’s website, www.sec.gov. Should one or more of these risks
materialize or should underlying beliefs or assumptions prove incorrect, the Company's actual results could differ materially from those discussed. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this release. The Company disclaims any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect changes in underlying assumptions or factors, new information, future events or other changes, except as required by law.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Reported amounts are presented in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"). This press release also contains certain supplemental non-GAAP information that the Company’s management uses in its analysis of the Company’s financial results. Specifically, the Company provides measures based on what it believes are its operating earnings on a consistent basis, and excludes material non-routine operating items which affect the GAAP reporting of results of operations. The Company’s management believes that providing this information to analysts and investors allows them to better understand and evaluate the Company’s core financial results for the periods presented. Because non-GAAP financial measures are not standardized, it may not be possible to compare these financial measures with other companies' non-GAAP financial measures having the same or similar names.
The Company also provides measurements and ratios based on tangible stockholders' equity. These measures are commonly utilized by regulators and market analysts to evaluate a company’s financial condition and, therefore, the Company’s management believes that such information is useful to investors.
A reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP financial measures are included at the end of this press release. See "Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures".
COLUMBIA FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition
(In thousands)
December 31,
Assets
(Unaudited)
Cash and due from banks
109,021 
70,702 
Short-term investments
Total cash and cash equivalents
109,152 
70,963 
Debt securities available for sale, at fair value
1,489,393 
1,703,847 
Debt securities held to maturity, at amortized cost (fair value of $393,025, and $434,789 at June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively)
425,884 
429,734 
Equity securities, at fair value
3,717 
2,710 
Federal Home Loan Bank stock
26,293 
23,141 
6,982,796 
6,360,601 
Less: allowance for credit losses
50,583 
62,689 
6,932,213 
6,297,912 
Accrued interest receivable
28,272 
28,300 
Office properties and equipment, net
83,743 
78,708 
261,586 
247,474 
Goodwill and intangible assets
129,094 
91,693 
260,822 
249,615 
9,750,169 
9,224,097 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Liabilities:
Deposits
8,033,064 
7,570,216 
Borrowings
419,969 
377,309 
Advance payments by borrowers for taxes and insurance
45,869 
36,471 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
176,983 
161,020 
8,675,885 
8,145,016 
Stockholders' equity:
Total stockholders' equity
1,074,284 
1,079,081 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
 (1)
The Company adopted ASU 2016-13 as of January 1, 2022. Prior year periods have not been restated.
Consolidated Statements of Income
(In thousands, except per share data)
Interest income:
61,927 
57,683 
118,884 
116,451 
Debt securities available for sale and equity securities
8,419 
7,521 
17,307 
13,899 
2,357 
2,151 
4,783 
3,903 
Federal funds and interest-earning deposits
Federal Home Loan Bank stock dividends
1,122 
Total interest income
73,078 
67,881 
141,813 
135,518 
Interest expense:
4,671 
7,855 
9,358 
16,730 
1,900 
1,946 
3,222 
3,968 
6,571 
9,801 
12,580 
20,698 
66,507 
58,080 
129,233 
114,820 
Provision for (reversal of) credit losses
1,539 
(1,761)
2,998 
(3,041)
Net interest income after provision for (reversal of) credit losses
64,968 
59,841 
126,235 
117,861 
Non-interest income:
Demand deposit account fees
1,449 
2,619 
1,696 
2,139 
1,497 
3,868 
2,971 
Title insurance fees
1,035 
1,503 
1,992 
3,123 
Loan fees and service charges
1,496 
1,365 
Gain (loss) on securities transactions
Change in fair value of equity securities
(1,366)
Gain on sale of loans
8,524 
10,674 
Other non-interest income
2,127 
2,354 
4,483 
4,804 
Total non-interest income
7,669 
14,391 
14,710 
22,986 
Non-interest expense:
Compensation and employee benefits
28,871 
23,601 
54,870 
46,994 
Occupancy
5,436 
4,814 
10,865 
10,066 
Federal deposit insurance premiums
1,277 
1,147 
Advertising
1,444 
1,198 
Professional fees
1,839 
1,651 
3,593 
3,441 
Data processing and software expenses
3,099 
2,612 
6,366 
5,383 
Merger-related expenses
1,327 
1,478 
Loss on extinguishment of debt
Other non-interest expense, net
3,627 
2,576 
6,267 
Total non-interest expense
41,720 
37,610 
82,469 
75,313 
Income before income tax expense
30,917 
36,622 
58,476 
65,534 
7,958 
9,934 
15,113 
17,801 
22,959 
26,688 
43,363 
47,733 
Earnings per share-basic and diluted
Weighted average shares outstanding-basic
106,204,230 
104,537,656 
104,684,765 
105,253,661 
Weighted average shares outstanding-diluted
106,750,557 
105,246,304 
COLUMBIA FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Average Balances/Yields
 For the Three Months Ended June 30,
Interest and Dividends
Yield / Cost
(Dollars in thousands)
Interest-earnings assets:
6,754,749 
61,928 
6,224,035 
2,022,536 
10,775 
2,006,842 
9,672 
Other interest-earning assets
77,821 
170,763 
Total interest-earning assets
8,855,106 
8,401,640 
Non-interest-earning assets
781,393 
611,674 
9,636,499 
9,013,314 
Interest-bearing liabilities:
Interest-bearing demand
2,658,584 
1,643 
2,333,638 
2,092 
Money market accounts
698,526 
636,964 
Savings and club deposits
945,892 
745,827 
Certificates of deposit
1,808,215 
2,539 
1,844,425 
5,025 
Total interest-bearing deposits
6,111,217 
5,560,854 
FHLB advances
419,884 
1,500 
723,553 
1,885 
Notes payable
29,859 
Junior subordinated debentures
7,628 
7,455 
Total borrowings
457,371 
731,008 
Total interest-bearing liabilities
6,568,588 
6,291,862 
Non-interest-bearing liabilities:
Non-interest-bearing deposits
1,784,991 
1,491,084 
Other non-interest-bearing liabilities
201,355 
223,021 
8,554,934 
8,005,967 
1,081,565 
1,007,347 
Interest rate spread
Net interest-earning assets
2,286,518 
2,109,778 
Net interest margin
Ratio of interest-earning assets to interest-bearing liabilities
134.81 
133.53 
For the Six Months Ended June 30,
6,568,899 
6,192,893 
2,051,975 
22,090 
1,810,317 
17,802 
72,475 
309,401 
1,265 
8,693,349 
8,312,611 
743,419 
617,780 
9,436,768 
8,930,391 
2,659,329 
3,263 
2,293,979 
4,231 
677,400 
615,101 
1,051 
891,376 
726,846 
1,779,658 
5,173 
1,882,463 
11,049 
6,007,763 
5,518,389 
394,307 
2,495 
733,369 
3,846 
29,852 
7,674 
7,518 
431,833 
740,887 
6,439,596 
6,259,276 
1,729,657 
1,449,759 
191,549 
215,415 
8,360,802 
7,924,450 
1,075,966 
1,005,941 
2,253,753 
2,053,335 
135.00 
132.80 
Components of Net Interest Rate Spread and Margin
Average Yields/Costs by Quarter
December 31, 2021
September 30, 2021
June 30, 2021
Yield on interest-earning assets:
Cost of interest-bearing liabilities:
135.20 
134.13 
132.89 
COLUMBIA FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Selected Financial Highlights
SELECTED FINANCIAL RATIOS
Return on average assets
Core return on average assets
Return on average equity
10.63 
Core return on average equity
10.89 
Core return on average tangible equity
11.90 
10.73 
Non-interest income to average assets
Non-interest expense to average assets
Efficiency ratio
56.24 
51.90 
57.29 
54.65 
Core efficiency ratio
50.82 
54.82 
53.54 
Average interest-earning assets to average interest-bearing liabilities
Net (recoveries) charge-offs to average outstanding loans
(0.01)
Ratios are annualized when appropriate.
CAPITAL RATIOS:
Company:
Total capital (to risk-weighted assets)
16.43 
17.13 
Tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets)
15.58 
16.15 
Common equity tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets)
15.48 
16.04 
Tier 1 capital (to adjusted total assets)
11.36 
11.23 
Columbia Bank:
15.60 
15.39 
14.75 
14.38 
10.76 
Freehold Bank:
23.09 
22.87 
22.36 
22.86 
14.71 
13.71 
Estimated ratios at June 30, 2022
ASSET QUALITY:
Non-accrual loans
4,525 
3,939 
90+ and still accruing
Non-performing loans
Real estate owned
Total non-performing assets
Non-performing loans to total gross loans
Non-performing assets to total assets
Allowance for credit losses on loans ("ACL")
ACL to total non-performing loans
1,117.86 
1,591.50 
ACL to gross loans
Unamortized purchase accounting fair value credit marks on acquired loans
5,896 
5,019 
LOAN DATA:
Real estate loans:
2,511,715 
2,092,317 
Multifamily
1,077,459 
1,041,108 
Commercial real estate
2,306,683 
2,170,236 
Construction
276,710 
295,047 
Commercial business loans
474,145 
452,232 
Consumer loans:
Home equity loans and advances
281,590 
276,563 
Other consumer loans
2,131 
1,428 
Total gross loans
6,930,433 
6,328,931 
Purchased credit deteriorated ("PCD") loans
21,353 
6,791 
Net deferred loan costs, fees and purchased premiums and discounts
31,010 
24,879 
(50,583)
(62,689)
Book and Tangible Book Value per Share
Less: goodwill
(113,327)
(85,324)
Less: core deposit intangible
(14,736)
(5,214)
Total tangible stockholders' equity
946,221 
988,543 
Shares outstanding
111,000,740 
107,442,453 
Book value per share
10.04 
Tangible book value per share
Reconciliation of Core Net Income
Less/Add: (gain) loss on securities transactions, net of tax
Add: merger-related expenses, net of tax
1,022 
1,144 
Add: loss on extinguishment of debt, net of tax
Less/Add: litigation (credit) expenses, net of tax
1,598 
Add: branch closure expense, net of tax
Core net income
23,806 
27,368 
45,976 
48,953 
Return on Average Assets
Average assets
Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures (continued)
Return on Average Equity
Total average stockholders' equity
Add: litigation expenses, net of tax
Core average stockholders' equity
1,082,412 
1,008,027 
1,078,579 
1,007,161 
Core return on core average equity
Return on Average Tangible Equity
Less: average goodwill
(103,776)
(79,220)
(94,601)
(79,561)
Less: average core deposit intangible
(11,720)
(5,677)
(8,442)
(5,969)
Total average tangible stockholders' equity
966,069 
922,450 
972,923 
920,411 
Efficiency Ratios
Total income
74,176 
72,471 
143,943 
137,806 
Core non-interest income
14,672 
14,500 
23,267 
Less: merger-related expenses
(1,327)
(1,478)
Less: loss on extinguishment of debt
Add/Less: litigation credit (expense)
(2,158)
Less: branch closure expense
Core non-interest expense
40,419 
36,974 
78,797 
73,935 

The above information was disclosed in a filing to the SEC. To see the filing, click here.

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